Taxon Details: Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
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Family:

Lecythidaceae (Magnoliophyta)
Scientific Name:

Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Primary Citation:

Prodr. (DC.) 3: 293. 1828
Accepted Name:

This name is currently accepted.
Description:

Description: Understorey, canopy, or emergent trees. Leaves scattered along branches, small to large-sized (5-59 cm long), glabrous; venation reticulate. Inflorescences cauline, terminal, or axillary, racemose or spicate or once-branched paniculate arrangements of racemes or spikes, growth of rachises determinate. Flowers present with, zygomorphic; sepals (4)6; petals (4)6, flat at apices; staminal lip present; androecial hood fully coiled, bearing vestigial stamens, the stamens not reflexed, the anthers laterally dehiscent; ovary 2(4)-locular, ovules numerous, attached to base of locular, the style without stylar collar. Fruit dehiscent, remaining on tree at maturity, usually globose or depressed globose, less frequently turbinate, pericarp relatively thin to thick. Seeds not winged, few to numerous per locule, thick, often flat on two sides and rounded on the other two, not embedded in pulp, the testa glabrous; cotyledons absent; embryo macropodial.

Distribution: The most widely distributed genus of Lecythidaceae. From Mexico to Panama in Central america but not common until Costa Rica and Panama. In South America on the Pacific coast of Colombia, the northern interandean vallies, throughout Amazonia and the Guianas, and in the coastal forests of eastern Brazil.

Ecology: Mostly in lowland forests on well-drained soils and less common above 1000 meters and in dry areas.

Number of species: About 90 described species and a significant number of undescribed species.

Taxonomic notes: Molecular studies (Huang et al., in review; Mori et al., 2007) have revealed three separate clades in the genus that are not sister to one another. The smallest clade (E. tetrapetala) is made of three species endemic to the coasal forests of eastern Brazil and is characterized by vestigial stamens on both the exterior and interior sides of a single-coiled androecial hood and a basal aril; the next largest clade (E. integrifolia clade) is found in eastern Panama, the inter Andean valleys, and with two species in western Amazonia and is characterized by triple-coiled androecial hoods and either spreading or half I-beam arils; and the largest clade is widespread nearly throughout the distribution of Eschweilera sensu lato and is characterized by a double androecial hood and a lateral aril that does not overlap at either of the ends of the seeds.

Flora and Monograph Treatment(s):

Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.: [Article] Mori, S. A. 1987. The Lecythidaceae of a lowland Neotropical Forest: La Fumée mountain, French Guiana. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 44: 1-190.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.: [Article] Mori, S. A. & Prance, Ghillean T. 1990. Lecythidaceae - Part II: The zygomorphic-flowered New World genera (Couroupita, Corythophora, Bertholletia, Couratari, Eschweilera, & Lecythis). With a study of secondary xylem of Neotropical Lecythidaceae by Carl de Zeeuw. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 21: 1-376.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.: [Article] Mori, S. A. & Lepsch da Cunha, Nadia M. 1995. The Lecythidaceae of a central Amazonian moist forest. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 75: 1-55.
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L. R. Marinho 512, Brazil
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W. C. Steward 20371, Brazil
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E. R. Vergara 491, Panama
C. Díaz Santibañez 1273, Peru
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J. Batista 1107A, Panama
J. Batista 1266, Panama
P. R. Stevenson 909, Colombia
A. C. Londoño 818, Colombia
E. Alvarez 890, Colombia
E. Alvarez 1971, Colombia
E. Alvarez 860, Colombia
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M. Sanchez S. 872, Colombia
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M. T. Madison 7068, Ecuador
E. L. Little Jr. 792, Ecuador
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A. J. G. H. Kostermans A.15052, Trinidad and Tobago
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N. M. Heyde 9, Suriname
J. J. Wurdack 39410, Venezuela
J. J. Wurdack 40945, Venezuela
J. Batista 1349, Panama
F. S. Catenacci 46, Brazil
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M. J. P. Pires-O'Brien 1465, Brazil
J. M. Pires 10489, Brazil
M. J. P. Pires-O'Brien 1804, Brazil
J. Batista 1422, Panama
J. Batista 1660, Panama
M. F. Simon 2621
D. R. L. Sabatier 4997, French Guiana
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C. A. Cid Ferreira 10614, Brazil
D. A. P. Gomes-Silva 45, Brazil
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E. L. Linares C. 2271, Colombia
E. Gudiño 229, Ecuador
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W. A. Palacios 4631, Ecuador
C. Aulestia 1211, Ecuador
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I. Vergara-Pérez 1069, Panama
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J. M. Pires 50441, Brazil
J. M. Pires 50405, Brazil
J. M. Pires 50405, Brazil
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J. M. Pires 10251, Brazil
R. L. Liesner 22786, Venezuela
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J. C. Betancur B. 12120A, Colombia
J. C. Betancur B. 1632, Colombia
J. C. Betancur B. 1632, Colombia
M. J. P. Pires-O'Brien 1581, Brazil
H. S. Irwin 55445, Suriname
G. T. Prance, Colombia
G. T. Prance 27987, Colombia
G. T. Prance 22812, Brazil
G. T. Prance 23096, Brazil
G. T. Prance 22669, Brazil
G. T. Prance 58725, Brazil
G. T. Prance 3156, Brazil
G. T. Prance 8947, Brazil
G. T. Prance 8947, Brazil
G. T. Prance 9836, Brazil
G. T. Prance 14164, Brazil
G. T. Prance 18734, Brazil
G. T. Prance 19942, Brazil
G. T. Prance 21356, Brazil
G. T. Prance 23154, Brazil
G. T. Prance 24044, Brazil
G. T. Prance 24219, Brazil
G. T. Prance 24044, Brazil
G. T. Prance 24044, Brazil
G. T. Prance 24568, Brazil
G. T. Prance 27967, Colombia
G. T. Prance 24568, Brazil
G. T. Prance 3011, Brazil
G. T. Prance 11791, Brazil
G. T. Prance 11791, Brazil
B. M. Boom 7790, Ecuador
P. J. M. Maas P12751, Brazil
X. Cornejo 8374, Ecuador
X. Cornejo 8451, Ecuador
X. Cornejo 8452, Ecuador
J. L. Luteyn 13903, Colombia
J. J. Pipoly 8851, Guyana
J. J. Pipoly 8840, Guyana
L. K. Albert de Escobar 2242, Colombia
J. L. Jaramillo 12632, Ecuador
É. André 4236, Ecuador
M. Silva 915, Brazil
M. Silva 906, Brazil
M. Silva 977, Brazil
M. A. de Freitas 162, Brazil
R. M. Harley 11009, Brazil
B. A. Krukoff 5821, Brazil
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B. A. Krukoff 7986, Brazil
B. A. Krukoff 8080, Brazil
J. A. Steyermark 122253, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 61112, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 104718, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 117704, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 116337, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 111335, Venezuela
J. A. Steyermark 53851, Ecuador
J. A. Steyermark 111335, Venezuela
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B. Maguire 60258, Brazil
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J. L. Zarucchi 3744, Colombia
T. B. Croat 19380, Peru
T. B. Croat 20439, Peru
T. B. Croat 69481, Colombia
T. B. Croat 73562, Ecuador
V. Zak 4602, Ecuador
W. A. Archer 7886, Brazil
H. F. Pittier 10052, Venezuela
A. Fernandez 7282, Venezuela
A. Fernandez 7250-A, Venezuela
B. Oldeman 14, Ecuador
V. Zak 4753, Ecuador
V. Zak 4745, Ecuador
C. Kajekai 233, Ecuador
V. Zak 4392, Ecuador
A. Freire Fierro 3122, Ecuador
H. H. van der Werff 97478, Ecuador
C. Chimbo 53, Ecuador
C. Chimbo 101, Ecuador
C. Chimbo 106, Ecuador
R. L. Liesner 22263A, Venezuela
R. L. Liesner 3749, Venezuela
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
T. D. Pennington 11361, Costa Rica
N. A. Rosa 2903, Brazil
A. C. Smith 3160, Guyana
M. A. S. Costa 356, Brazil
P. A. C. L. Assunção 312, Brazil
P. A. C. L. Assunção 312, Brazil
P. A. C. L. Assunção 458, Brazil
W. E. Broadway 4534, Trinidad and Tobago
A. H. Gentry 7224, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 13247, Brazil
A. H. Gentry 40470, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 47962, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 40466, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 47880, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 48392, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 40237, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 19960, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 59550, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 59616, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 30194, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 30130, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 47905, Colombia
A. H. Gentry 31869, Peru
A. H. Gentry 13180, Brazil
A. H. Gentry 18262, Brazil
J. J. Buza 7590 Bu/390, Venezuela
F. Billiet 1242, French Guiana
G. S. Hartshorn 2044, Bolivia
E. Meneces 2044, Bolivia
L. Valenzuela 7873, Peru
A. H. Gentry 74194, Peru
A. H. Gentry 22412, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24906, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24876, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24936, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24929, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24870, Peru
A. H. Gentry 24921, Peru
A. H. Gentry 22380, Peru
D. Simpson 767, Peru
C. Díaz 42, Peru
D. R. Simpson 767, Peru
E. Ancuash 395, Peru
J. Campos 5521, Peru
H. H. van der Werff 18020, Peru
A. H. Gentry 15831, Peru
A. H. Gentry 27896, Peru
A. H. Gentry 27644, Peru
C. Díaz 539, Peru
C. Díaz 25224, Peru
C. Díaz 27717, Peru
A. H. Gentry 20871, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25056, Peru
C. Díaz 623, Peru
133, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 3975, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 6828, Peru
A. H. Gentry 38002, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 12276, Peru
A. H. Gentry 56058, Peru
A. H. Gentry 31439, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25198, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25055, Peru
A. H. Gentry 26007, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25035, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25233, Peru
A. H. Gentry 27813, Peru
C. Díaz 67, Peru
A. Gutierrez R. 158, Peru
A. Gutierrez R. 157, Peru
C. Díaz 67, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25130, Peru
J. Campos 6501, Peru
C. Díaz 10255, Peru
A. H. Gentry 42494, Peru
A. Gutierrez R. 172-AGR., Peru
R. Vásquez 2604, Peru
R. Vásquez 8397, Peru
A. H. Gentry 25530, Peru
R. Vásquez 13541, Peru
J. M. Schunke-Vigo 15524, Peru
A. H. Gentry 21948, Peru
C. Díaz 539, Peru
A. L. Bernardi s.n., Peru
J. M. Schunke-Vigo 8290, Peru
B. Wallnöfer 17-11088, Peru
R. Vásquez 14277, Peru
L. Valenzuela 7687, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 4171, Peru
A. H. Gentry 27950, Peru
A. H. Gentry 27820, Peru
R. Vásquez 13032, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 6805, Peru
A. H. Gentry 22376, Peru
A. H. Gentry 22377, Peru
R. Vásquez 13790, Peru
T. D. Pennington 17528, Peru
T. D. Pennington 17528, Peru
C. Díaz 842, Peru
A. H. Gentry 57559, Peru
D. N. Smith 3803, Peru
R. Vásquez 5035, Peru
R. Vásquez Martínez 20061, Peru
C. Grández 1761, Peru
C. Grández 1761, Peru
P. Nunez 6905, Peru
J. P. Janovec 2473, Peru
A. P. Maceda 17, Peru
S. G. Beck 32620, Bolivia
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
M. Aulestia 1194, Ecuador
A. Dik 1020, Ecuador
N. C. A. Pitman 263, Ecuador
A. Dik 949, Ecuador
A. Dik 949, Ecuador
J. L. Clark 14252, Ecuador
H. Vargas 6200, Ecuador
D. A. Neill 13021, Ecuador
L. Suin 2046, Ecuador
L. Suin 1141, Ecuador
J. L. Clark 7984, Ecuador
D. A. Neill 13921, Ecuador
C. Aulestia 150, Ecuador
P. Méndez 307, Ecuador
A. Ortiz 173, Ecuador
A. Ortiz 195, Ecuador
A. Ortiz 196, Ecuador
A. Dik 1029, Ecuador
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
G. T. Prance 23091, Brazil
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
W. W. Thomas 6632, Brazil
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.