Solidago arguta Aiton
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Species Description - Stems 5–15 dm from a stout, branched caudex, glabrous except for the somewhat puberulent infl; lvs basally disposed, glabrous, or slightly scaberulous above, toothed to subentire, the larger ones 10–30 × 3–12 cm, the broadly elliptic or ovate blade rather abruptly contracted to the long petiole; infl paniculiform, with recurved-secund branches, sometimes elongate and narrow, more often broad and open, with long, divergent branches; invol 3–7 mm, its bracts acute or obtuse; rays 2–8; disk-fls 8–20; 2n=18, 36. Woods, forest-openings, and dry meadows; Me. to Fla., w. to Ky., Mo., and La.