Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

  • Authority

    Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

  • Family


  • Scientific Name

    Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

  • Description

    Species Description - Stems 1–few from a coarsely fibrous-rooted crown, caudex, or short, stout rhizome, hirsute to glabrous, 6–18 dm, simple or often few-branched; lvs ± hairy on both sides, toothed or less commonly entire, the main ones with broadly lanceolate to elliptic or broadly ovate blade to 15 × 10 cm, mostly 1.5–5 times as long as wide, rather abruptly contracted (or even rounded or subcordate) to the petiole; disk 1.5–3.5 cm wide; rays reddish-purple to occasionally pale pink, 3–8 cm, drooping; 2n=22. Woods and prairies, generally in moister sites than no. 3 [Echinacea pallida Nutt.]; chiefly Ozarkian and midwestern, from Ill. and s. Io. to e. Okla., extreme ne. Tex., and c. La., e. irregularly to s. Mich., Ky., Tenn., and Ga., and less commonly to Va. and N.C. June–Oct.

  • Common Names

    purple coneflower