Valeriana edulis Nutt.

  • Authority

    Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

  • Family


  • Scientific Name

    Valeriana edulis Nutt.

  • Description

    Species Description - Perennial from a long stout taproot and short branched caudex, 3–12 dm; lvs thick, nearly parallel-veined, densely ciliate, the basal linear-oblanceolate, 1–3 dm, entire or rarely with 1–2 basal divisions; cauline lvs pinnately parted into a few ascending or falcately divergent segments from a broad flat rachis; infl elongate, with numerous lateral branches, becoming diffuse in age; plants polygamo-dioecious; cor of perfect and staminate fls 2.5–3.5 mm, of pistillate fls scarcely 1 mm; fr ovate or ovate-oblong, 3–4 mm. Swamps and wet open soil; c. O. and s. Ont. to Minn. and Io.; cordilleran region from s. B.C. to Mex. May, June. Our plants are usually short-hairy, and may be distinguished from the usually glabrous cordilleran plants as V. edulis var. ciliata (Torr. & A. Gray) Cronquist (V. ciliata).

  • Common Names

    taprooted valerian