Fraxinus caroliniana Mill.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Species Description - Tree to 15 m; twigs terete or nearly so, glabrous or thinly hairy; lfls 5–7, petiolulate, lanceolate to elliptic, abruptly acuminate to an obtuse tip; fr flat, lanceolate to elliptic, 3.5–5 cm × 8–20 mm, subtended by a minute cal usually less than 1 mm; wing extending nearly or quite to the base. Swamps and bottom-lands, mainly on the coastal plain; Va. to Fla. and Tex.