Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C.Barton

  • Authority

    Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

  • Family

    Pyrolaceae

  • Scientific Name

    Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C.Barton

  • Description

    Species Description - Stems spreading, the fertile branches erect, 1–3 dm; lvs oblanceolate, 3–6 cm, acute or mucronate, sharply toothed, especially above, nearly entire below, tapering to a short petiole; fls 4–8, corymbose or subumbellate, 10–15 mm wide; dilated part of the filaments ciliolate; 2n=26. Dry woods, especially in sandy soil. June–Aug. Circumboreal, with 2 vars. in Amer. Var. cisatlantica S. F. Blake (C. corymbosa), occurring from Que. and N.S. to Minn., s. to Va., W.Va., and n. Ind., has relatively thin, veiny lvs and mostly recurved pedicels. Var. occidentalis (Rydb.) S. F. Blake (C. occidentalis), from n. Mich. to B.C., s. to Colo. and Calif., has thicker, less veiny lvs and often ascending pedicels.

  • Common Names

    prince's pine, pipsissewa