Quercus virginiana Mill.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Species Description - Large, evergreen tree (to 20 m), with widely spreading branches that often support Tillandsia, or smaller in difficult habitats and only shrubby (such plants often called var. minima Sarg.); bark furrowed and cross-checked into small plates; lvs firm, flat, narrowly elliptic to oblong, mostly 4–8 × 1–2 cm, blunt, entire, cuneate to obtuse at the base, glabrous above, closely and tightly cinereous with minute stellate hairs beneath (these scarcely distinguishable at 20×, sometimes even at 30x), less obviously veiny than no. 12 [Quercus geminata Small]; acorns solitary or paired, 1.5–2.5 cm, the cup turbinate, 8–15 mm, its scales acute, closely appressed. Dry or moist soil on the coastal plain; se. Va. to Fla., Tex., and ne. Mex.