• Authority

    Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

  • Family


  • Scientific Name


  • Description

    Genus Description - Male and female cones terminating twigs of the previous year’s growth; female cones pendulous, with persistent scales much exceeding the bracts; evergreen trees, the quadrangular lvs jointed at the base to a short, projecting sterigma that persists on the denuded branch; resin-ducts 2 in each lf; 2n=24. 30+, N. Temp.

  • Common Names