Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Species Description - Stem ascending or usually erect, 2–6 dm, finely hairy or glabrous; lvs spreading or more often strongly ascending, usually folded, sessile and somewhat clasping, lanceolate or lance- oblong, 6–15 × 2–5 cm, gradually tapering to the acute tip, finely hairy beneath; raceme short-peduncled or subsessile, 2–5 cm, with few–several fls 8–10 mm wide; fr 6–10 mm, at first green with blackish stripes, becoming uniformly dark red; 2n=36. Moist, especially sandy soil of woods, shores, and prairies; Nf. to B.C., s. to N.J., Va., Ind., Mo., and Calif. May, June. (Maianthemum s.; Vagnera s.) Coastal plants of se. Can., s. reputedly to Conn., tend to have fleshy, crowded, imbricate, obtuse lvs, and have been segregated as var. crassa Victorin.