Catagoniopsis berteroana (Mont.) Broth.

  • Authority

    Ireland, Robert R. & Buck, William R. 1994. Stereophyllaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 65: 1-49. (Published by NYBG Press)

  • Family


  • Scientific Name

    Catagoniopsis berteroana (Mont.) Broth.

  • Type

    Type. Chile, near Quillota, Bertero 1052 (holotype, PC).

  • Synonyms

    Hypnum berteroanum Mont., Rhynchostegium berteroanum (Mont.) A.Jaeger, Rhynchostegium berteroi Kindb.

  • Description

    Species Description - Plants yellowish green, in loose or dense, glossy mats. Stems complanate-foliate, to 5 cm long, 2-3 mm wide, simple or irregularly and sparingly branched. Leaves 1.5-2.5 mm long, 0.7-1.0 mm wide, ovate-lanceolate, slightly concave, acuminate; margins plane or weakly recurved at base, entire; costa strong, usually extending 2/3-3/4 the distance to apex, bulging on dorsal surface; cells smooth, median cells 56-85 µm long, ca. 5 µm wide; alar cells irregularly angled, 14-33 µm long, 9-14 µm wide. Dioicous. Setae reddish, straight, 1.4-2.0 cm long; capsules orange to brown, inclined to horizontal, 1-2 mm long, ovoid to ellipsoidal, scarcely contracted below mouth when dry; opercula conic, 0.5-0.7 mm long. Spores 9-12 µm in diam.

  • Discussion

    This is a distinctive species characterized by complanate-foliate stems with an epidermal layer of large, thin-walled cells, foliose pseudoparaphyllia, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate leaves with thin-walled, fusiform, median cells, few differentiated, irregularly angled, collenchymatous alar cells, a dioicous condition and inclined to horizontal capsules.

  • Distribution

    Rare; central Chile and the Juan Fernandez Islands (Fig 16). On soil and rock under shrubs, at elevations to 630 m.

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