Aster novae-angliae L.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Species Description - Plants with a stout caudex and short thick rhizome, occasionally with creeping rhizomes as well; stems clustered, 3–20 dm, usually strongly spreading-hirsute at least above, and becoming glandular upward as well; lvs chiefly cauline, lanceolate, entire, 3–12 cm × 6–20 mm, sessile and conspicuously auriculate-clasping, scabrous or stiffly appressed-hairy above, more softly hairy beneath, or the upper lvs becoming glandular; heads several or many in a leafy, usually short infl, the invol and peduncles densely glandular; invol 6–10 mm, its numerous slender bracts about equal, often purplish, with chartaceous base and loose or spreading, attenuate tip, the outer sometimes a little broader and more leafy; rays 45–100, usually bright reddish-purple or rosy, 1–2 cm; achenes densely sericeous or appressed-hirsute, their nerves obscure; 2n=10. Moist, open or sometimes wooded places; Mass. and Vt. to N.D. and Wyo., s. generally to DC., Tenn., Ark., and N.M., and in the mts. to Va., N.C., and Ala.; prairies in Ala. and Miss. A hybrid with A. ericoides has been named A. ×amethystinus Nutt.
New England aster