Monographs Details: Psychotria cuspidata var. bahiensis (DC.) Müll.Arg.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1972. The botany of the Guayana Highland--part IX. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 1-832.
Family:Rubiaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - Distribution. Guianas, Brazil, and eastern Venezuela. FRENCH GUIANA. Riviere du Maroni, 1861, Melinon 130; 1862, Melinon 449, 456; Ararouany, Mar 1856, Sagot 1300; Ararouany, a la crique Jacques, Jan 1857, Sagot 1298; Crique Jacques, 20 Sep 1924, Wachenheim 110; photo of type of Declieuxia psychotrioides DC. in Delessert Herb, of G, Cayenne, Patris s n; forests of Montagne de Mahury, alt 130-170 m, 17 Dec 1954, Cowan 38858; near Cachoeira, Cachoeira Tres Saltos, Rio Oiapoque, 2° 12' N, 52° 53' W, 1 Sep 1960, Irwin, Pires & Westra 47950. BRITISH GUIANA, basin of Kuyuwini River, Essequibo tributary, about 150 mi from mouth, 21-26 Nov 1937, A. C. Smith 2639; Essequibo River, Moraballi Creek, near Bartica, alt sea level, 16 Aug 1929, Sandwith 29. SURINAME. Nassau Mountains, Marowijne River, vicinity of Base Camp, alt 400 m, 10 Jan 1955, Cowan & Lindeman 39202; Wilhelmina Gebergte, 3 km S of Juliana Top, 12 km N of Lucie Rivier, 3° 36'-3° 41' N, 56° 30'-56° 34' W, alt 300 m, 24 Aug 1963, Irwin, Prance, Soderstrom & Holmgren 55033; Wilhelmina Gebergte, riverine forest 2-10 km below confluence of Oost Rivier, Lucie Rivier, 3° 20' N, 56° 49' W-3° 32' N, 56° 26' W, alt 225 m, 10 Sep 1963, Irwin, Prance, Soderstrom & Holmgren 55584. VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Altiplanicie de Nuria, vicinity of Deborah (lake-like area), cloud forest on summit of SE-facing escarpment, E of Cerro El Picacho, N of Las Nieves and Las Chicharras, 45 km N of Tumeremo, alt 600-650 m, 5-8 Feb 1961, Steyermark 89142; Altiplanicie de Nuria, at base between Rancho Alegre and base of altiplanicie, on trail to Quebrada Cabeza Burro, 5 km E of Las Chicharras, 47 km N of Tumeremo, alt 100-250 m, 12 Feb 1961, Steyermark 89319; Sierra de Lema, along Río Ayaiche between Puerta Lema and base of Sierra, cabeceras de Rio Chicanan, 80 km al suroeste de El Dorado, 6° 5' N lat, 62° W long, alt 300 m, 24 Aug 1961, Steyermark 89483; valle boscoso NE of Canaima, sur de Cerro Venado, region de Canaima, 62° 46' W-6° 16' N, alt 200-500 m, 17 Feb 1964, Agostini 318; lower portion of Quebrada O-paru-má, tributary of Río Pacairao, below Santa Teresita de Kavanayen, alt 915-1065 m, 25 Nov 1944, Steyermark 60534; alrededores de Santa Elena, 19 Apr 1946, Lasser 1310; El Cucharo, Medio Caura, alt 170 m, 14 Mar 1939, Williams 11517. Terr. Fed. Delta Amacuro: lower Orinoco, 1896, Rusby & Squires 217; near the border between Estado Bolívar and Terr. Delta Amacuro, 61° 44' W, 8° 4' N, Río Grande o Toro, alt 320 m, 11 Apr 1964, Breteler 3777; San Victor, Río Amacuro, Venezuela-British Guiana frontier, Sierra Imataca, alt 65-80 m, 31 Oct 1960, Steyermark 87170-A. Monagas: Montaña de Aguacate, along Quebrada de Pajarral, tributary to Río Caripe, NE of Alto de Aguacate, between Caripe and Caripito, alt 600-900 m, 19 Apr 1945, Steyermark 62221. BRAZIL. Bahia: photo of type of Psychotria bahiensis var staminea DC. in Delessert Herb, of G, in sabulosis maritimis, Bahia, Salzmann s n; photo of type of P. bahiensis var stylosa DC. in Delessert Herb, of G, in sabulosis maritimis, Bahia, Salzmann s n; Bahia, Glocker 521; Prov dos Alagoas, 1839, Gardner 1339; without locality or date, Bowie & Cunningham 5; Una (Ba), mata litorânea, 19 May 1965, Belem & Magalhaés 1076; Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, CEPLAC, CEPEC, Ilhéus, 31 Mar 1965, Belem & Magalhaês 611, 601; margem de Rodovia Itabuna-Ilhéus, 30 Aug 1965, Belem 1646. Terr. Roraima: Serra dos Surucusus, 2° 42-47' N, 63° 33-36' W, south of Mission Station, 18 Feb 1969, Prance, Steward, Ramos & Farias 10022.

Discussion:

Psychotria bahiensis DC., Prodr. 4: 509. 1830 (Sep).

Ronabea didymocarpos A. Rich., Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 170. (1834) 1830 (Dec); DC. Prodr. 5: 504. 1830 (Sep).

Coffea didymocarpa Bartl. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 481. 1830, in synonymy.

Palicourea didymocarpa Griseb., Cat. Cub. 138. 1866.

Psychotria bahiensis a stylosa DC., Prodr. 4: 509. 1830.

Psychotria bahiensis ß staminea DC., Prodr. 4: 509. 1830.

Psychotria cuspidata d compacta M.-Arg., Mart. FI. Bras. 6(5): 288. 1881.

Declieuxia (?) psychotrioides DC., Prodr. 4: 481. 1830.

Type. In sabulosis aridis, Bahia, Brazil, Salzmann s n.

The specimen of Belem & Magalhaes 1076 is a good match for the type of P. bahiensis var staminea DC. with shining leaves and numerous elevated lateral nerves of the leaf blades, while Glocker 521 is an excellent match for the photo of the type of Psychotria bahiensis from K at NY.

Distribution:Guyana South America| French Guiana South America| Brazil South America| Venezuela South America|