Monographs Details: Randia hondensis H.Karst.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1972. The botany of the Guayana Highland--part IX. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 1-832.
Family:Rubiaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - Distribution. Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. VENEZUELA. Distrito Federal: Cerro Naiguatá, laderas pendientes del lado del mar que miran hacia el norte, arriba del pueblo de Naiguata, Lomas de Las Delicias, entre Quebrada de Basenilla y Quebrada Guayoyo, 9-12 km SW de Hacienda Cocuizal, alt 1000-1300 m, 15-19 Nov 1963, Steyermark 92145; along quebrada between Los Caracas and Oritopo, 1 mi E of Hacienda Uritapo, 12 mi E of Los Caracas, alt 80 m, 13 Jun 1963, Steyermark 91511; Quebrada de Chacaito, cerca de Caracas, alt 800-1000 m, 24 Apr 1921, Pittier 9493. Aragua: Cerro Las Mesas, arriba de Guamitas, Parque Nacional, alt 1200 m, 26 Jan 1948, Pittier & Nakichenovich 15716; Parque Nacional, alt 850 m, 10 Jun 1938, Williams 10195; hacia la toma de agua, Parque Nacional Pittier, Rancho Grande, Aug 1963, Aristeguieta 5109; Rancho Grande, Parque Nacional, 4 Sep 1946, Lasser 2068; cabeceras de la quebrada Guacamaya, Parque Nacional, June 1947, Pittier & Nakichenovich 15443; selvas nubladas de Ocumare, Parque Nacional, alt 1000 m, 8 Aug 1937, Pittier 14108; Parque Nacional Pittier, pica entre Edificio de Administracion y La Toma de agua, alt 1200 m, 25 Jun 1966, Steyermark & Nevling 95948; same locality, 21 May 1966, Steyermark, Lourteig & Agostini 95818. Carabobo: Upper Guaremales, road from Puerto Cabello to San Felipe, alt 100-500 m, 28 Jul 1920, Pittier 8984; en las quebradas a,l norte de Los Tanques, arriba de la Planta Electrica, en las cabeceras del Río San Gián, al sur de Borburata, alt 750 m, 1 Apr 1966, J. & Cora Steyermark 95430. Apure: Reserva Forestal San Camilo, al sur del Caserio San Camilo (El Nula) hacia el Río Sarare, alt 280-300 m, 27 Mar 1968, Steyermark, Bunting & Blanco 101384; 7 km al este de la Ceiba, 16 km al este del Jordán (viejo), alt 200 m, 6 Apr 1968, Steyermark, Bunting & Blanco 101930. Zulia: cercano en la laguna, Kunana, 29 Dec 1950, Bro. Gines 1874. Limite Estado Lara-Yaracuy: selvas subxerofilas de La Esperanza, Aug 1937, Tamayo 284. COLOMBIA. Antioquia: Hoya del Río León o Bacubá, Villa Artega, Las Caucheras, rain forests of Villa Agraria, alt 95 m, 2 Oct 1961, Cuatrecasas & Willard 26172; entre Río Guapá y León, alt 100 m, 18 Mar 1948, Landa, Rivera & Barkley 18 C 346; opposite Boca Carare, alt 125 m, 14 Jan 1918, Pennell 3826. Boyaca: region of Mt. Chapon, alt 1000 m, 28 Jun 1932, Lawrence 261. Huila: 1 km W of Gigante, Cordillera Oriental, 10 Sep 1944, Little 8626. Cundinamarca: Municipio de Tena, alrededor de la laguna de Pedro Palo, 3 km al norte de Tena, alt 2080 m, 19 May 1952, Fernandez & Mora 1446; Hacienda El Cuchara, between Tocaima and Pubenza, alt 350 m, 7 May 1944, Killip, Dugand & Jaramillo 38317. Bolívar: 150 km N of Barrancabermeja, 74° 4' W, 8° 15' N, Mico Ahumado Camp, alt 900 m, 19 Aug 1966, de Bruijn 1071; along Río Cimitarra, 36 km W of Barrancabermeja, alt 100 m, 5 Feb 1967, de Bruijn 1582. Panché, alt 1500 m, 18 Feb 1876, André 1689. Triana 1828. ECUADOR. Esmeraldas: Parroquia de Concepcion, Playa Rica, alt 105 m, 16 Dec 1936, Mexia 8458.

Discussion:

Type. In valle fluminis Magdalenae, Colombia, alt 260 m, Karsten.

This species has been confused with R. armata (Mussaenda spinosa) by most authors and is for the most part unknown in herbaria. It is easily distinguished by its large pendent fruits on elongate peduncles, and by the usually reflexed calyx lobes of the staminate flowers in anthesis. Karsten accurately illustrated this species in his Fl. Columb. 2: 128. pl. 167, jig 2. 1866. The corolla tube exterior is glabrous in R. hondensis as contrasted with pilose in R. armata, and the corolla lobes are rounded instead of acute or acuminate as in R. armata. Furthermore, the calyx lobes are reduced in size as compared with the elongated, foliaceous, subspathulate, or oblanceolate lobes of R. armata. Venezuelan material from Estado Apure and Merida, identified as R. calycina (Steyermark, Bunting & Blanco 101531, 101653, and 101905) approaches R. hondensis in having the calyx lobes short and narrow on some inflorescences, but, in general, in the Venezuelan material of R. hondensis the corolla and corolla tube are smaller and shorter than in R. calycina, the calyx lobes are shorter and narrower, and the staminate pedicels are glabrous or only minutely puberulent instead of densely pubescent as in R. calycina.

Distribution:Venezuela South America| Colombia South America| Ecuador South America|