Monographs Details: Maxillaria meridensis Lindl.
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Mt. Roraima, on southwest-facing forested slopes between Rondon Camp and base of sandstone bluffs, 2040-2255 m alt., epiphyte on branch, leaves subcoriaceous, deep green on both sides, September 30, 1944, J. A. Steyermark 58986; Auyan-tepui, cumbre de la parte sureste del brazo noroeste (division occidental del cerro) : entre "Drizzly Camp" y "Rio Lomita Camp"; faldas secas de piedras "limonita" e igneas con arbustos y arboles esparcidos, 1800-1850 m alt., in large clumps, sepals and petals dull yellow with pale tawny tips, lip rich yellow with dark brown in upper half without, May 5, 1964, Steyermark 93439; same locality, cumbre de la parte norte de la seccion sur (division occidental del cerro): a lo largo del Rio Chunin al piede "Second Wall" de arenisca, 6-10 kms hacia el noreste del campamento norte, 1600 m alt., epiphyte on tree, leaves 9-10 mm wide. May 13, 1964, Steyermark 93855; Ptari-tepui, 2000-2200 m alt., in Bonnetia roraimae forest on southwest-facing shoulder, terrestrial on top of boulder, leaves erect, coriaceous, dark green above and dull green beneath with purple petiole, fruit angled with their angles dull purple, November 2, 1944, Steyermark 59764; same locality, 1810 m alt., on forested south-facing slope overlying sandstone, on "Cave Rock" above Cave Camp, terrestrial, Steyermark 59494; same locality, 1800-1850 m alt., just northeast of "Cave Rock," terrestrial on large boulder, leaves erect, deep green above and paler beneath, sheaths wine-purple, verrucose, floral bract membranaceous, pale green below and pale purple above, sepals pale yellow below suffused with wine lavender above, the lower half with faint lavender streaks, petals pale greenish yellow, lip pale yellow in lower half with lateral lobes dull lavender and the thickened mid-lobe deep yellow, blood-clot [lip callus] reddish purple, November 4, 1941, Steyermark 59809; Cerro Guaiquinima, Rio Paragua, 1800 m alt., in cumbre 1 km east of Cumbre Camp, epiphyte, fruiting onl), December 26, 1951, B. Maguire 32772; same locality and altitude, along rim of west escarpment, 1 km west of Cumbre Camp, occasional epiphyte in thickets, December 30, 1951, Maguire 32833; same locality, 1600-1700 m alt., in quebrada below southeast escarpment, epiphyte, January 7, 1952, Maguire 33031; Chimanta Massif, northwestern part of Abdcapa-tepui, in vicinity of Camp 3, 1300 m alt., on forested slopes adjacent to quebrada, epiphyte on large tree, leaves coriaceous, rich green above and paler beneath, tips of floral segments suffused with dull lavender, sepals pale yellow, petals porrect, pale yellow, lip pale yellow with deep yellow mid-lobe, April 20, 1953, Steyermark 75187 (no flowers) ; same locality, altitude and date, on mossy branches of Clusia on large sandstone boulder, Steyermark 75215; Chimantá Massif, above southeast-facing upper shoulder on slope leading to summit of Apdcara-tepui, 2200-2300 m alt., epiphyte on Magnolia, leaves subcoriaceous, grass-green above and paler beneath, sepals pale yellow, the lip suffused with lavender, June 30, 1953, Steyermark 75841; Chimanta Massif, Central Section, 1950 m alt., on rocky slopes of zanjon bordering Upper Falls of Rio Tirica above Summit Camp, locally frequent terrestrial, leaves erect-ascending, coriaceous, olive above and pale beneath, sepals yellow with central maroon stripe outside, petals pale yellow, lip pale yellow with dark maroon near the tip, column white, February 7, 1955, J. A. Steyermark & J. J. Wurdack 563; Chimantá Massif, Agparamdn-tepui, 1880-1955 m alt., on southeast-facing forested slopes below escarpment, locally frequent terrestrial (growing with nos. 1143 and 1144), pseudobulb terete, leaves ascending, grass-green, sepals and petals pale yellow-buff, lip creamcolored at base, dark maroon on sides and below the yellow apex, column pale yellow below and cream-white at apex, February 26, 1955, Steyermark & Wurdack 1145. Amazonas: Mt. Duida, Central Camp, 1470 m alt., on trees, stems long and cinnamon-brown, leaves soft, G. H. H. Tate 562; same locality, on slopes of Ridge 25, 1600-1840 m alt., Tate 434 (flowers poor); same locality, Desfiladero, 1840 m alt., Tate 715 (no good flowers) ; same localit), valley between Ridge 23-B and 23-C, Tate 1038; Cerro Yavi, 2200 m alt.. March 1-3, 1947, K. D. Phelps & C. B. Hitchcock 74; Cerro de la Neblina. Rfo Yatua, 1600-1700 m alt., above Camp 4, epiphyte in upper slope forest, flowers yellowish with bronze-purple lip, January 13, 1954, B. Maguire, J. J. Wurdack & G. S. Bunting 37282. The West Indies. COLOMBIA. ECUADOR, PERU and BOLR'IA. The type was from VENEZUELA.
Distribution:Venezuela South America
| Colombia South America
| Ecuador South America
| Peru South America
| Bolivia South America