Monographs Details: Aganisia cyanea (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - BRAZIL. Amazonas: Barra on Rio Negro near Panure (Ipanoré), on trees by forest streams, July 1851, Spruce 1790 (type of Acacallis cyanea) ; Rio Negro, Uaupes (Sao Gabriel) and vicinity, epiphyte, flowers pale blue, October 15-19, 1947, R. E. Schultes & F. Lopez 8943; Rio Uaupes, between Ipanore and confluence with Rio Negro, Serra Wabeesee, on left bank below Bela Vista, flowers blue, November 17, 1947. R. E. Schultes & J. M. Pires 9141; Rio Negro, São Felipe and vicinity, Igarapó Imutd opposite the mouth of Rio Issana, epiphyte, flowers light bluish, April 4-7, 1948, R. E. Schultes & F. Lopez 9765. COLOMBIA. Amazonas: Río Caraparand between the mouth and El Encanto, about 150 m alt., epiphyte, flower lilac with lip brown-lilac. May 22-28, 1942, R. E. Schultes 3813. Vaupes: Rio Kananari, near base of Cerro Isibukuri, on sandstone bluff, 250-700 m alt., epiphyte, flowers blue with purplish lip, June 13, 1951, R. E. Schultes & I. Cabrera 12510, 12511. Amazonas-Vaupes: Soratama, Rio Apaporis, between Rio Pacoa and Rio Kananari, about 250 m alt., flowers delicate violet with lip brownish violet, June 21, 1951, Schultes & Cabrera 12739: same locality, on floodbank, flowers blue, June 25, 1951, Schultes & Cabrera 12815; same locality, June 26, 1951, Schultes & Cabrera 12837; same locality, July 4, 1951, Schultes & Cabrera 12882A; same locality, July 5, 1951, Schultes & Cabrera 12892. Vaupes: Rio Piraparand, Caño Oo-raoó-ña, epiphyte, flowers blue, "3/9/52," Schultes & Cabrera 17149; Rio Piraparana (tributary of Rio Apaporis), Caño Teemeefia, between lat. 0°15'S., long. 70º30'W. and lat. 0°25'N., long. 70°30'W., September 6, 1952, Schultes & Cabrera 17255; Rio Paca (tributary of Rio Papuri), Wacaricuara and vicinity, lat. 0°30'N., long. 70°10'W., about 200 m alt., flowers pale bluish, June 1-3, 1953, Schultes & Cabrera 19517; Rio Kuduyari, September 1956, A. S. Barclay & R. E. Schultes 609; same locality, banks of Rio Kuduyari, about 300 m alt., in shade, flowers blue with purple lip, June 23-25, 1958, H. Garcia-Barriga, R. E. Schultes & H. Blohm 15784; same locality and date, flowers blue, pale blue or purple, G.-Barriga, Schultes i- Blohm 15785, 15793, 15796; Rio Kubiyú, in sandy savanna of Guranjuda, about 350-400 m alt., epiphyte on tree trunks, flowers blue with brown lip, June 30, 1958, G. Barriga, Schultes & Blohm 16062; along Rio Kuduyari, near Mitu, on trees in area flooded by 10 ft of water, August 12, 1960, L. A. Garay 82. VENEZUELA. Amazonas: Rio Ventuari (A. Righi ex Baumgartner), G. C. A. Dunsterville 150; Rio Cuao, Rio Orinoco, above Cuao Creek, 125 m alt., terrestrial, flowers pale blue with the lip deep purple-mauve and column wings reddish, November 25, 1918, B. Maguire ir L. Politi 27393; Cerro Sipapo (Paraque), 125 m alt., near Base Camp, infrequent epiphyte at stream side, flowers lavender, December 30, 1948, Maguire & Politi 28028; Rios Pacimoni-Yatua, Casiquiare, along uppermost Rio Yatua, 100—140 m alt., epiphyte on trunk of living tree in flooded forest, forming vine 1 m long, inflorescence purplish, flowers blue with the lip copper-purplish and the column purple at the base and white at the apex, December 12, 1953, B. Maguire, J. J. Wurdack & G. S. Bunting 36762; same locality and altitude, above the mouth of Río Yacibo, epiphyte", flowers blue-lavender with the lip wine-colored, January 30-31, 1954, Maguire, Wurdack & Bunting 37448; same locality and altitude, sabanita on right bank of Rfo Pacimoni, 12 km below the mouth of Rio Yatua, epiphyte "on loAv tree branch, tepals pale blue-purple," lip pale reddish, October 2, 1957, B. Maguire, J. J. Wurdack & C. K. Maguire 41651; along Cano Temi just above Yavita? 130 m alt., infrequent epiphyte, "Tepals purplish-blue, deeper on back; lip apically blue, basally brown," June 11, 1959. J. J. Wurdack & L. S. Adderley 42938; along Cano Tama-Tama (a black-water cano on the right bank of Rio Orinoco just above Tamd-Tamd), 150 m alt., frequent epiphyte, "Tepals purplish blue: lip old rose." June 23, 1959, Wurdack i- Adderley 43142.
Acacallis cyanea Lindl., Fol. Orch. Acacallis 1: 1853.
Distribution:Brazil South America
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