Monographs Details: Epidendrum violascens Ridl.
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Mt. Roraima, 2600 m alt., October, 1884-January, 1885, Im Thurn 360 (type); same locahty, autumn, 1894, McConnell & Quelch 81; same locality, autumn, 1898, McConnell & Ouelch 695; same locality, leaves in masses, alternate, distichous, flowers 3 on a scape, very small, flowers red with a yellow lip, November 24, 1927, G. H. H. Tate 393; same locality, on southwest facing portion of sandstone ledge just below summit, from beginning of summit vegetation to summit, 2560-2620 m alt., terrestrial with erect stems, leaves coriaceous and wine-purple, stem, pedicels and bracts black-purple, sepals and petals wine-purple (latter reflexed), lip yellowish with brown-purple median stripe without, column greenish yellow, September 27, 1944, J. A. Steyermark 58791; Auyan-tepui, September, 1937, F. Cardona 251; Auyan-tepui, between El Peiion and Rest Point, El Libertador to Oso Woods and on summit, 2000-2400 m alt., on boulders and in various locations, G. C. K. Dunsterville 887; same locality, cumbre de la parte norte de la secci6n sur (division occidental del cerro) : arenisco entre "Drizzly Camp" y "Second Wall," 1660-1800 m alt., terrestrial in dry sandstone exposures, stems erect, dark purple, leaves stiff-coriaceous, dark green. May 11, 1964, Steyermark 93720 (plant fruiting); Cerro Guaiquinima, Rio Pardgua, 1700 m alt., in savanna in lateral south drainage of "North Valley," occasional terrestrial, January 2, 1952, B. Maguire 32903; Ptari-tepui, on southwest-facing shoulder, 2000-2200 m alt., terrestrial on exposed top of big boulder in forest of Bonnetia roraimae, Steyermark 59765; Chimantd Massif, Central Section, 2120 m alt., in swampy depression of wet savanna along each branch of headwaters of Rio Tirica, terrestrial around hummocks, stem purple, leaves dull green and spreading-ascending, fruit pendent, lavender, February 12, 1955, J. A. Steyermark ir J. J. Wurdack 760. Amazonas: Cerro Sipapo (Pardque), 1500 m alt., near Savanna Camp, infrequent in sphagnum on wet hummocks, December 10, 1948, B. Maguire & L. Politi 27585. This species is confined to VENEZUELA.


figs. 7-10.

Distribution:Venezuela South America|