Monographs Details: Epidendrum vespa Vell.
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Family:Orchidaceae
Scientific Name:Epidendrum vespa Vell.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - BRITISH GUIANA. Tumatumari, epiphyte in dense upland forest, June I8-July 8, 1921, H. A. Gleason 305; basin of Kuyuwini River (tributary of Essequibo River), about 150 miles from the mouth along river, epiphyte in dense forest, sepals and petals greenish white with purple spots within, lip white with faint purple lines, column white, November 21-26, 1937, A. C. Smith 2585. VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Mt. Roraima, upper slopes, October 1884-January 1885, Im Thurn 274; Auyan-tepui, 1800-2200 m alt., January 1938, G. H. H. Tate 1229,1233, Pannier & Schwabe 1816; same locality, cumbre de la parte sureste del brazo noroeste (division occidental del cerro) : entre "Drizzly Camp" y Rio Lomita Camp": faldas secas de piedras "limonita" e igneas con arbustos y arboles esparcidos, 1800-1850 m alt., terrestrial, sepals and petals dull tawny-yellow with magenta spots. May 5, 1964, J. A. Steyermark 93438; same locality, cumbre de la parte sureste del brazo noroeste (division occidental del cerro) : faldas sobre piedras igneas, vecindad del "Rio Lomita Camp," 1800 m alt., in moist rich mossy forest of quebrada northwest of Rio Lomita Camp, epiphyte on tree. May 10, 1964, Steyermark 93631; Salto Uraima, Rio Paragua, F. Cardona 450; near Icaburii and Canaima, at 460 m alt., G. C. A. Dunsterville 104, 105; Guayapo, Lower Caura, 100 m alt., on tree trunks in periodically flooded forest, petals mottled white, January 5, 1938, L. Williams 11981; Rio Paragua, Salto de Auraima, 275 m alt., common epiphyte in dense forest, flowers fleshy, greenish white spotted with purple, April 10, 1943, E. P. Killip 37340; Ptari-tepui, on south-facing, densely forested slopes overlying sandstone in vicinity of "Cave Rock," 1800 m alt., terrestrial, leaves coriaceous, olive- or rich green above and dull green beneath, sepals and petals olive-green with purple blotches and spots, lip dull lavender shading to pale greenish yellow on margins, column whitish cream to creamyellow, irregularly purple-spotted near base, November 8, 1944, J. A. Steyermark 59966; between Santa Teresita de Kavanayen and base of Ptari-tepui, 1220 m alt., by fast water, savanna and shrubby growth bordering forest of Rio Karuai, epiphyte on No. 60330, leaves coriaceous, deep green above and dull green beneath; November 18, 1944, Steyermark 60337; Ptari-tepui, 1600-2000 m alt., in woodland, epiphyte, "tepals old gold, brown spotted," lip old gold unspotted, December 17, 1952, B. Maguire & J. J. Wurdack 33881; Chimanta Massif, Central Section, along Rio Tirica below Upper Falls above Summit Camp, 1940 m alt., terrestrial, stems subflattened and pale green, leaves subcoriaceous, dull green above and slightly paler beneath, fruit trigonous, February 7, 1955, J. A. Steyermark & J. J. Wurdack 583; bosque muscoso a lo largo de las cabeceras de una pequeña quebrada arriba de la ladera escarpada de arenisca, 1395-1400 m alt., leaves coriaceous, deep green above and paler beneath, flower within pale yellow-green spotted with brown-purple, sepals without green, petals without dull greenish yellow slightly spotted with brown-purple, lip within dull magenta and without buff- or cream-yellow, column cream, ovary sharply 3-angled, deep green, December 31, 1963, Steyermark & Dunsterville 92461. Amazonas: along Rio Negro between Barcellos and San Gabriel, Spruce 1948; Lake Vasiva, Spruce 3460; Esmeralda, G. H. H. Tate 958; Alto Orinoco, San Antonio, 120 m alt., L. Williams 15015; Rio Orinoco, along Rio Cuao, 100 m alt., epiphyte, pseudobulb with 2 leaves, flower greenish dotted with purple, lip and column whitish, December 30, 1948, B. Maguire & L. Politi 28042; at the mouth of Rio Cuao, 100 m alt., February 13, 1949, Maguire & Politi 29029; Rio Ventuari, Serrania Parú, Rio Parú, Caño Asisa, 200 m alt., in fringe at south end of savanna at western base of the mountain, epiphyte, flower yellow spotted with brown, lip cream-color, February 16, 1951, R. S. Cowan & J. J. Wurdack 31485; same locality and altitude, on igneous knob about 3 km down Caño Asisa from Parú Savanna Camp, epiphyte in dry deciduous forest, flower yellowish with brown spots, lip white, February 17, 1951, Cowan & Wurdack 31543; Serrania Yutaje, Rio Manapiare, Cerro Yutaje, near Salto Coro-Coro, Caño Avatapure, 150 m alt., frequent terrestrial on rocks, flower greenish spotted with red-brown, lip whitish dotted with red, January 29, 1953, B. & C. K. Maguire 35019; Cerro de la Neblina, Rio Yatua, 1000 m alt., epiphyte in montane forest between Camps 3 and 4, flowers pale green dotted with deep maroon above, lip white with purple tip, column green, January 23, 1954, B. Maguire, J. J. Wurdack & G. S. Bunting 37355; Sabana de Moyo on south bank of Rio Ventuari 15 km above the mouth, 150 m alt., epiphyte, flowers white. May 5, 1954, J. S. Level 38; Sabanita Morocoto, on right bank of Rio Orinoco 2 km below the mouth of Rio Atabapo, 125 m alt., common epiphyte, flowers yellow-green, heavily spotted with dark brown, lip cream-color with purple spots. May 30, 1959, J. J. Wurdack & L. S. Adderley 42700. A very variable species extending from COSTA RICA, PANAMA and the West Indies to COLOMBIA, VENEZUELA (type of E. tigrinum), SURINAM, BRAZIL (type of E. I'espa and E. variegatum Hook.), ECUADOR and PERU (type of E. crassilabium).

Discussion:

Epidendrum variegatum Hook., Bot. Mag. 59: t. 3151. 1832, not Sw., 1788.

Epidendrum crassilabium Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 2: 1, t. 102. 1837-8.

Epidendrum tigrinum Linden ex Lindl., Orch. Linden, 9, no. 52. 1846.

Distribution:Venezuela South America| Costa Rica South America| Panama Central America| Colombia South America| Venezuela South America| Suriname South America| Brazil South America| Ecuador South America| Peru South America|