Monographs Details: Epidendrum ibaguense Kunth
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - BRAZIL. Rio Branco: Serra Tepequem, 850 m alt., on rock slide of north east slope, frequent terrestrial, flowers lavender, November 22, 1954, B. & C. K. Maguire 40016; same locality, 650 m alt., along Rio Mojary, occasional on rocks in open places, November 26, 1954, B. & C. K. Maguire 40071; frontier between Territory of Rio Branco (Brazil) and State of Bolivar (Venezuela), between Caju and Vista Geral, 1000 m alt., January 3, 1955, B. & C. K. Maguire 40483. BRITISH GUIANA. Serra Acarai, on bare rocky hillside I1/2 miles from Camp 1 "on the rock 7 miles E. of Onoro mouth, long white roots and 3-4 slender flower spikes with terminal spirals of pale magenta flowers, 2/10/52," Forestry Department, Field No. G-338, Record No. 7314. VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Mt. Roraima, Paulo, 1230 m alt., on rock, flowers pink or white, October 30, 1927, G. H. H. Tate 163,164; same locality, 1530-1800 m alt., on rocks in stony slopes with sandy soil, Philipp Camp, flowers red, November 7, 1927, Tate 297; same locality, summit, 2800 m alt., 1927, Tate 436; Auyan-tepui, 1850 m alt., Tate 1210; same locality, 1100 m alt., Tate 1220b; Vareschi ir Foldats 4652, 4690, 4725; between Km 105 and 118 from El Dorado near Sta. Elena, E. Foldats 2800; Canaima, in savannas, Quezada s.n., fide Foldats; Salto de Para, Medio Caura, 150 m alt., L. Williams 11322; Gran Sabana, between Kun and waterfall at Rue-merii (tributary of Rio Kukenan) south of Mt. Roraima, 1065 m alt., common terrestrial, stems 2-3 ft tall, leaves coriaceous, rich green, flowers deep orchid-rose, October 2, 1944, J. A. Steyermark 59158; Gran Sabana, between Mission of Santa Teresita de Kavanayen northwest of Rio Karuai, on large mesa, 1220 m alt., along streamlet, terrestrial, leaves coriaceous, ascending, flowers deep rose-orchid, with lip and column deep rose-red, lip-callus cream-white, October 26, 1944, Steyermark 59358; Sororopan-tepui, crest of cerro between east and west ends, 2255 m alt., similar to 60158 but with larger and more deeply rose-colored flowers, November 14, 1944, Steyermark 60159; between Santa Teresita de Kavanayen and base of Ptari-tepui, 1220 m alt., terrestrial in savanna and shrubby growth bordering forest of Rio Karuai, sepals and petals white or tinged with lilac near base, lip white with 2 purple spots in middle, column pale lavender with purple tip, November 18, 1944, Steyermark 60328; Kavanayen, 1300 m alt., terrestrial with rose-colored flowers. May 27, 1946, T. Lasser 1742; Uaipan-tepui, 400-500 m alt., in savanna at base of Uaipan, terrestrial with white flowers, January 25, 1948, A. D. Phelps & C. B. Hitchcock 353; same data, flowers purple, Phelps & Hitchock 354; Ilu-tepui, Gran Sabana, 1200 m alt., on laterite hill in drainage of Rio Aponguao, infrequent terrestrial, flowers pale cream-color with base of lip red, March 27-28, 1952, B. Maguire 33651; Cerro San Borja, 100-300 m alt., abundant terrestrial, flowers reddish orange, December 12, 1955, J. J. Wurdack ir J. V. Monachino 39846 (also noted at Isla Sta. Elena and Cerro Carichana). Amazonas: Puerto Ayacucho, 200 m alt., in open savanna and on igneous outcrops, terrestrial, stems in ascending clump 4 ft tall, leaves coriaceous, grass-green, sepals, petals and column orange-salmon, lip deeper orange with middle basal part deep golden, September 11, 1944, J. A. Steyermark 58515; Piedra de Cocui, Rio Negro, epiphyte, flowers purple, December 22-23, 1947, R. E. Schultes & F. Lopez 9456; Great Rapids of the Orinoco, 100-120 m alt., occasional on crystalline laja 1-1.5 km east of Hotel Amazonas, Pto. Ayacucho, on rocks or low in shrubs, flowers salmon-rose or orange with lip yellow at base, November 7, 1953, B. Maguire, J. J. Wurdack & G. S. Bunting 36036, 36036A. Middle America (MEXICO, type of E. radicans), the West Indies, COLOMBIA (type of E. ibaguense), to PERU, BOLIVIA and BRAZIL.
Epidendrum radicans Pav. ex Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. 104. 1831.
Distribution:Brazil South America
| Guyana South America
| Mexico North America
| West Indies
| Colombia South America
| Peru South America
| Bolivia South America