Monographs Details: Vanilla planifolia Andrews
Authority: Schweinfurth, Charles. 1967. Orchidaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 69-214.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Salto de Para, Medio Caura, 250-300 m alt., L. Williams 11409; La Prisión, Medio Caura, Williams 11635. Amazonas: at Playa Alta, near the mouth of Rio Cunucunuma, rare in riverine forest, climbing on bare rotten tree trunk, 100 m alt., "buds greenish with white ovaries," November 8, 1950, B. Maguire, R. S. Cowan & J. J. Wurdack 29476; about 30 km above Playa Alta, on wooded monadnock, 125 m alt., very glaucous vine, fruit green, December 28, 1950, Maguire, Cowan & Wurdack 30445; along Rio Orinoco, just below the mouth of Rio Cunucunuma, 150 m alt., herbaceous vine climbing 2.5 m, "tepals" white, lip basally cream-color, apically orange-yellow, June 20, 1959, J. J. Wurdack & L. S. Adderley 43074 (leaves longer than typical); along Rio Casiquiare, just above Capihuara, 130 m alt., frequent plant climbing 2 to 6 m, flowers cream-color, lip orange inside, June 24, 1959, Wurdack & Adderley 43170. MEXICO to PANAMA, the West Indies (type of both concepts), COLOMBIA, SURINAM and BRAZIL.


Myrobroma fragrans Salisb., Parad. Lond. t. 82. 1807.

Vanilla fragrans (Salisb.) Ames, Sched. Orch. 7: 36. 1924.

Distribution:Venezuela South America| Mexico North America| Panama Central America| West Indies| Colombia South America| Suriname South America| Brazil South America|