Monographs Details: Campomanesia grandiflora (Aubl.) Sagot
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1969. The botany of the Guayana Highland-part VIII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18: 1-290.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - BRITISH G U I A N A . Kanuku Mountains, elev 150-400 m, Mar-Apr 1938 (fl).Smith 3503 (G, K, N Y , P ) ; Rupununi, Schomburgk 1287 (K). S U R I N A M E.Goddo, Stahel 37 (K). F R E N C H GUIANA. Mana, Sagot 254 (BM, K, M I C H,W ) ; bords de la Riv. Maroni, Melinon (BM, K ) ; without locality, ex hb. Richard(P, named by Berg C. poiteaui; Field Mus. neg. 36387). BRAZIL. Para: Belterra,in virgin forest, 20 Oct 1947 (fl), Black 1732 ( M I C H ) ; Amazonas: Urubu River,Vista Alegre farm, 15 Dec 1956 (fl), Rodrigues 354 (MICH).
Psidium grandiflorum Aubl., PI. Guiane Fr. 483. pi. 190. 1775.
Campomanesia poiteaui Berg, Linnaea 27: 432. 1856.
For description see Amshoff (Fl. Suriname 3(2): 158. 1951). This species, and
Campomanesia lineatifolia, are readily recognized by the large solitary 5-merous
flowers usually arising from leafless nodes at the bases of leafy branchlets, by the
broad thin leaves (suggesting those of some species of Prunus or Pyrus) with ascending
arcuate veins, and by the crowding together of the lowermost pairs of lateral veins.
The type of Psidium grandiflorum came from French Guiana, "dans I'ile de
Caienne"; an Aublet specimen at B M , which I saw in 1965, may be taken as the
type; it is a good flowering specimen, with leaves tufted beneath in the vein-axils.
Campomanesia poiteaui was based upon collections from "Guiana Gallica (Poiteau,
Rich. Schomb.)," that Berg saw "florif. in herb. Kunth. sub nomine Psidii grandiflori
Aubl. et in hb. Berol." Presumably these specimens have been destroyed. A specimen
at Kew, ex hb. J. Gay, collected in "Guiane" by Poiteau, may be taken as lectotype;
it was compared with Aublet's specimen of Psidium grandiflorum at B M by Sandwith
in 1931, and stated to be the same species; it was annotated by Amshoff "in 1947 as the type-collection of C. poiteaui. Three specimens at G, cohected by Poiteau in
1819-1821, probably represent a part of the same gathering; ah are typical of C.
grandiflora as I understand it.
Distribution:Guyana South America
| French Guiana South America
| Suriname South America
| Brazil South America