Monographs Details: Eugenia cotinifolia Jacq.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1969. The botany of the Guayana Highland-part VIII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18: 1-290.
Family:Myrtaceae
Discussion:

The plate shows a species of Eugenia with long-pedicellate, solitary flowers, and broad obovate shining leaves that are apparently glabrous and coriaceous. Jacquin said of it: "Est in collectione Gronoviana hoc specimen, nullo addito loci natalis indicio." Linnaeus, however, took up the name shortly after its publication (Mant. 243. 1771), attributed it to Jacquin, and added "Habitat in Cayenna." The Gronovian specimen cited by Jacquin is to be sought at B M , but I have not been able to locate it there. In the Linnaean Herbarium in London, however, is a specimen under the name of Myrtus pimenta (no. 637-17), which according to a note on the sheet by J. E. Smith is Eugenia cotinifolia Jacq. as represented in the Banks Herbarium. Presumably the plant that Smith saw in the Banks Herbarium was the Gronovian specimen; in any event the Linnaean specimen seems to represent the species depicted in Jacquin's plate. It also seems to be conspecific with the type of Caryophyllus cotinifolia Mill. (Diet. ed. 8. no. 4. 1768), which according to Miher came from "Carthagena in N e w Spain" and was given to him by the collector, Robert Mihar. These specimens are glabrous, with obovate coriaceous leaves 4-6.5 cm long, the midvein convex above, the flowers in small fascicles on pedicels 10-12 m m long, the bracteoles broad and persistent, the fruit 6-9 m m long, a little longer than wide, the calyx-lobes 2-3 m m long and wide, incurved in fruit. As far as I can learn no other plant like this is known in the West Indies or in northern South America, and I suspect that the Gronovian specimen, the one in the Linnaean Herbarium, and the one from Miller's herbarium, all came from the same original source, whatever that may have been. At any rate the reference to "Cayenna" seems to have been an error.