The plate shows a species of Eugenia with long-pedicellate, solitary flowers, and
broad obovate shining leaves that are apparently glabrous and coriaceous. Jacquin
said of it: "Est in collectione Gronoviana hoc specimen, nullo addito loci natalis
indicio." Linnaeus, however, took up the name shortly after its publication (Mant.
243. 1771), attributed it to Jacquin, and added "Habitat in Cayenna." The Gronovian
specimen cited by Jacquin is to be sought at B M , but I have not been able to locate
it there. In the Linnaean Herbarium in London, however, is a specimen under the
name of Myrtus pimenta (no. 637-17), which according to a note on the sheet by J. E. Smith is Eugenia cotinifolia Jacq. as represented in the Banks Herbarium. Presumably
the plant that Smith saw in the Banks Herbarium was the Gronovian specimen;
in any event the Linnaean specimen seems to represent the species depicted in
Jacquin's plate. It also seems to be conspecific with the type of Caryophyllus cotinifolia
Mill. (Diet. ed. 8. no. 4. 1768), which according to Miher came from "Carthagena
in N e w Spain" and was given to him by the collector, Robert Mihar. These specimens
are glabrous, with obovate coriaceous leaves 4-6.5 cm long, the midvein convex above,
the flowers in small fascicles on pedicels 10-12 m m long, the bracteoles broad and
persistent, the fruit 6-9 m m long, a little longer than wide, the calyx-lobes 2-3 m m
long and wide, incurved in fruit. As far as I can learn no other plant like this is
known in the West Indies or in northern South America, and I suspect that the
Gronovian specimen, the one in the Linnaean Herbarium, and the one from Miller's
herbarium, all came from the same original source, whatever that may have been.
At any rate the reference to "Cayenna" seems to have been an error.