Eugenia baruensis (Jacq.) Jacq., Coll. 3: 183. Apr 1790
The name Eugenia baruensis rests nomenclaturally on E. carthagenensis var
baruensis, as in publishing the binomial Jacquin cited "Jacq. amer. pag. 153," referring
by implication to the varietal name pubhshed in 1763. There is an ample
specimen from Jacquin's herbarium, which I studied at W in 1966, and which is
evidently the same species as that described under the name of E. baruensis in 1790:
the description is clear and detailed. The species is said to flower freely in cultivationbut
to set fruit rarely. The specimen is labelled "Eugenia baruensis," and "Hort.
B[ot.] Vind." Another specimen at Vienna, marked "ex horto schoenbrunn. 1814,"
is from the herbarium of Jos. Boos, and is so similar to the Jacquin specimen that it
may well have come from the same plant. I cannot distinguish these specimens from
West Indian material of E. axillaris, whereas they differ in a number of respects (as
set forth in the key in Fieldiana Bot. 29: 421. 1963) from Panamanian and other
Central American material of E. acapulcensis Steud., the only other species with which
they might be confused. Thus it seems there is little doubt about the identity of
the plant that was cultivated at Schoenbrunn in Jacquin's time under the name of E.
baruensis. Whether or not this plant that began to flower in Vienna some time before
1790 is the same plant that Jacquin observed near Cartagena before 1760, can not
readily be determined. Probably the only way to learn the identity of E. carthagenensis
var baruensis is through the study of the myrtaceous flora of the region
of Cartagena. The var baruensis was described from "sylvis maritimis," and in spite
of the changes made in the vegetation by man, one might expect to find most of
the species of the original coastal forests still existing.