Monographs Details: Eugenia cupulata Amshoff
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1969. The botany of the Guayana Highland-part VIII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 18: 1-290.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - S U R I N A M E . Forest reserve, Brownsberg, 13 Mar 1924 (fl), B. W . 6428 (U,type; N Y ) ; Nassau Mountains, 23 Feb 1949 (sterile), Lanjouw & Lindeman 2265( N Y ) ; upper Coppename River behind Surocto base, 31 Jul 1954 (sterile), Lindeman6389 (MICH, U ) . BRAZIL. Para: Ilha do Mosqueiro, near Para, 3-9 Nov 1929(fl), Killip & Smith 30424 ( N Y ) ; vicinity of Belem, Sep-Oct 1961 (bud), Pires51679 (MICH, N Y ) ; Rio Guama, acima de Ourem, Jul 1953 (fr), Pires & Silva4606 (MICH). Maranhao: Island of Sao Luiz, virgin forest, Froes 11864 ( N Y ).
This plant, which ranges from Suriname to Maranhao, is vegetatively almost indistinguishable
from the following variety, which is known only from the upper
Amazon basin. The species is a distinctive one, with rather narrow lustrous and
coriaceous veiny leaves, the principal veins convex on the upper surface but somewhat
depressed below the surface, the short inflorescence softly and densely rufoustomentose,
and the calyx-lobes and broad connate bracteoles thin and somewhat dehcate.
In specimens from Para and Suriname the pubescence of the inflorescence is
somewhat darker red than in specimens from farther up the Amazon; the length of the inflorescence is greater (the axis may be as much as 3-5 cm long in fruiting
specimens as against a few millimeters in Eugenia cupulata var macrophylla), and
the calyx-lobes and bracteoles, though membranous, are somewhat less fragile. The
differences between the two populations do not seem to be greater than those between
varieties of a single species. For descriptions and iUustration of E. cupulata
var. cupulata see Rec. Trav. Bot. Neerl. 39: 160-162. /. 4. 1942, and Fl. Suriname
3(2): 122. 1951.
Distribution:Suriname South America
| Brazil South America