Monographs Details: Trichomanes crispum L.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1984. The Botany of the Guyana Highland - Part XII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 38: 1-84.
Family:Hymenophyllaceae
Scientific Name:Trichomanes crispum L.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - General distribution. Tropical America.Guayana Highland distribution. Epipetric, occasionally terrestrial, rarely epiphytic.C O L O M B I A . Int. Meta: Sierra de La Macarena between the Rio Giiejarand Sansa, 500-1000 m , Idrobo 456 (COL, U S ) ; Cordillera de La Macarena, Eslopes ofthe Renjifo Massif, 600-1300 m , Idrobo & Schultes 880 (US). Comis.Amazonas or Vaupes: Cerro Isibukuri, Rio Kananari, near the Rio Apaporis,Schultes & Cabrera 14473 (US). Comis. Vaupes: Cerro Isibukuri, Rio Kananari,250-ca 700 m , Schultes & Cabrera 13370 (US); Yurupari, ca 350 k m above Mitu,220 m , Cuatrecasas 6977 (COL, U S ) ; Vicinity of Piedra de Cocui, Rio Negro,Schultes & Lopez 9507 (US). V E N E Z U E L A . Terr. Amazonas: C e n o Sipapo (Paraque), upper East Basin, Maguire & Politi 28350 (NY, US); Summit of CerroYapacana, 1000-1200 m , Steyermark & Bunting 103111 (COL, US); N-centralpart ofthe Senania del Paru (Aroko), 1100 m , Huber 4321 (MYF, US); Summitof C e n o Marahuaca, 2580 m , Steyermark et al. 125929 (US, V E N ) ; Ceno Duida,SE-facing bluffs near the Caiio Negro, 1095-1520 m, Steyermark 58005 and58009 (US); Summit of C e n o Duida between Central C a m p and Brocchinia Hills,1675 m , Steyermark 58117 (US); Cerro Duida, banks ofthe Cano Negro betweenthe Brocchinia Hills and the Savana Hills, 1050-1600 m , Steyermark 58297 (US);Caiion Grande slopes below Cumbre Camp, Cerro de la NebUna, 1600-1800 m,Maguire, Wurdack & Maguire 42484 (NY, US). Edo. Bolivar: Meseta del Jaua,N E portion of Cerro Sarisariiiama, 1400 m , Steyermark, Espinoza & Brewer-

Discussion:

Trichomanes cristatum Kaulf, Enum. Fil. 265. 1824. Type. Brazil, without collector (holotype presumably LZ destroyed).

Trichomanes haenkeanum Presl, Hymenophyll. 15, 36, 65. 1844. Type. Based on T. crispum sensu Presl (Rei. Haenk. 1: 69. 1825), and so based on the type of that name, which is

Mountains of Huanuco, Depto. Huanuco, Peru, Haenke (holotype PR not seen).

Trichomanes schomburgkii v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(2): 148. 1861. Type. Berbice, Guyana, Schomburgk 442 (holotype L not seen; isotypes K not seen photo 19069, US). The US isotype also includes a frond of T. martiusii Presl, according to Windisch's annotation.

Trichomanes badium Foum., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 15: 144, 147, 148. 1865. Syntypes. Cuba, Wright 900 (syntype P not seen Weatherby photo; isotype US); and Venezuela, Funck & Schlim 601 (syntype P not seen).

Trichomanes Undign Foum., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 15: 144, 147, 148. 1868. Syntypes. Venezuela, Fendler 289 (syntype P not seen); Venezuela, Fendler 389 pp (syntype P not seen); and Muzo, Depto. Boyaca, Colombia, 700 m, Lindig 140 (syntype P not seen; isosyntype US).

The first syntype cited may be a typographical error for the second syntype.

Trichomanes molle Foum., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 15: 147, 148. 1868. Type. Guadelopue, Est. Bahia, Brazil, Blanchet (holotype P not seen).

Trichomanes crispum var. ß remotum Fee, Hist. Foug. Lye. Antill. [Mem. Foug. 11]: 106. 1866.

Type. Guadeloupe, L'Herminier in 1864 (holotype P or R B not seen).

Trichomanes cristatum var. macrothrix Fee, Crypt. Vase. Bres. 1: 186. 1869. Type. Rio de Janeiro, Est. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Glaziou 2246 (holotype P or R B not seen). Ptilophyllum crispum (L.) Prantl, Untersuch. Morph. Gefaesskrypt. 1: 47. 1875. Trichomanes crispum var. fastigiatum Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Engler 34: 422. 1904, as '"fastigiata,'" nom. nud.

Trichomanes crispum f remotum (Fee) Domin, Pterid. Dominica 53. 1929.

Type. Based on plate 86 of Plumier's "Tractatus de Filicibus Americanis," which is based on a specimen collected by Plumier on Morne de la Calebasse, Martinique.

Distribution:Guyana South America| Colombia South America| Venezuela South America|