Monographs Details: Hymenophyllum polyanthos (Sw.) Sw.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1984. The Botany of the Guyana Highland - Part XII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 38: 1-84.
Family:Hymenophyllaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - General distribution. Pantropical.Guayana Highland distribution. Epiphytic on tree trunks and branches. COLO M B I A . Comis. Amazonas or Vaupes: Soratama and vicinity, along the Rio Apaporis above the mouth of the Rio Kananari, ca 900 ft, Schultes & Cabrera 75079 (US). V E N E Z U E L A . Terr. Amazonas: Cerro Sipapo (Paraque), base camp, Maguire & Politi 28066 ( N Y , U S ) ; N branch of Cafio Profundo, Maguire & Politi 28265 (NY, U S ) ; Serrania Paru, Rio Paru, Caiio Asisa, 1800 m . Cowan & Wurdack 31398 ( N Y , U S ) ; Cerro Duida, near Caiio Negro (tributary of Caiio Iguapo), 1095-1520 m , Steyermark 58000 and 58003 (both U S ) ; Upper slopes of Cerro Duida, Maguire & Maguire 29147 (NY, U S ) . Edo. Bolivar: Rio Kanarakuni, N & N W of the Mision de Campamento Sanidad del Rio Kanarakuni, 400 m, Steyermark 97791 (US, V E N ) ; S u m m i t ofthe east-central portion ofthe Mesetade Jaua, 1922-2100 m , Steyermark 98090 (US, V E N ) ; Guaiquinima, E ofthe Rio Paragua toward Cerro Guaiquinima, 285 m , Killip 37482 (US); Sierra de Ichun, N of Salto Maria Espuma (Salto Ichun), 625-725 m , Steyermark 90259 (US, V E N ) ; Vicinity of Salto Maria Espuma (Salto Ichun), 500 m , Steyermark 90319 (US, V E N ) ; Cerro Auyan-tepui, Cardona 275 (US); M t . Auyan-tepui, 1850 m , Tate 1259 ( N Y , U S ) ; Chimanta Massif, Steyermark Falls on the upper reaches ofthe Rio Tirica (left-hand fork), separating the E part of Apacara-tepui from theW part of Torono-tepui, 1700-1750 m , Steyermark 76003 (F, N Y , U S ) ; Chimanta Massif, central section, vicinity ofthe upper falls ofthe Rio Tirica above Summit C a m p , 1940-1950 m , Steyermark & Wurdack 530 ( N Y , U S ) ; Along W branch of headwaters of the Rio Tirica above the Upper Falls, 2090 m , Steyermark & Wurdack 884 (NY, U S ) ; Chimanta Massif, Sarven-tepui, along the Rio Sarven 1 k m downstream from C a m p 9, 1200 m , Wurdack 34348 (NY, U S ) ; Sierra de Lema, 500 m , Steyermark 89530 and 89413 (both U S , V E N ) ; S W portion of Cerro V e n a m o near the border with Guyana, 1220-1275 m , Steyermark, Dunsterville& Dunsterville 29732 (VEN), 900-1000 m , Steyermark, Dunsterville & Dunsterville92864 (US, V E N ) ; Quebrada O-paru-ma, between Sta. Teresita de Kavanayenand the Rio Pacairao (tributary of the Rio Mouak), 1065-1220 m,Steyermark 60447 (US); M t . Roraima, im Thurn 118 and 373 (both US); Mt.Roraima, between Rondon C a m p and the base of the sandstone bluffs, 2040-2255 m , Steyermark 58952 (US). G U Y A N A . Kurupung, upper Mazaruni River,Leng 160 and 772 (both N Y ) ; Imbaimadai Savannas, Maipuri Falls ofthe KarauriengRiver, 1250 m , Maguire & Fanshawe 32282 (NY, U S ) . S U R I N A M.Tafelberg, E side of N ridge, Maguire 24240 (NY, U S ) ; Tafelberg, ArrowheadBasin, Maguire 24466 ( N Y , U S ) ; Tafelberg, W escarpment, 520 m , Maguire 24694(NY, U S )

Discussion:

Trichomanes polyanthos Swartz, Nova Gen. Sp. Pl. Prodr. 137. 1788.

Trichomanes clavatum Swartz, Nova Gen. Sp. Pl. Prodr. 137. 1788. Type. Jamaica, Swartz (holotype S not seen).

Hymenophyllum clavatum (Swartz) Swartz, J. Bot. Schrader 1800(2): 101. 1802.

Hymenophyllum abietinum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. /. 127. 1829. Type. Mt. Pichincha, Pcia. Pinchincha, Ecuador, Jameson (holotype K not seen).

Hymenophyllum jalapense Schlecht. & Cham., Linnaea 5: 619. 1830. Type. Near Jalapa, Edo. Veracruz, Mexico, Schiede & Deppe (holotype B? not seen, isotype B M not seen).

Hymenophyllum millefolium Schlecht. & Cham., Linnaea 5: 620. 1830. Type. Jalacingo, Edo. Veracruz, Mexico, Schiede & Deppe (holotype B? not seen, isotype B M not seen).

Hymenophyllum grevilleanum Presl, Hymenophyll. 32. 1844. Type. Based on t. 128 of Hooker and Greville's "Icones Filicum," which illustrates specimens collected by Swartz on Jamaica (S not seen) and by Guilding on St. Vincent (K not seen). Hymenophyllum fraternum Presl, Hymenophyll. 54, t. 12B. 1844. Type. Jamaica, collector unknown (holotype PR not seen, possible isotype P not seen photo 4606). Hymenophyllum poeppigianum Presl, Hymenophyll. 54. 1844. Type. Pampayacu, Depto. Huanuco, Peru, Poeppig (holotype PR not seen).

Sphaerocionium breutelii Presl, Abhandl. K. Boehm. Gesell. Wiss. V, 5: 337, t. 5, f 19. 1848. Type. Mt. Miseri, St. Kitts, Breutel (holotype PR not seen).

Hymenophyllum imbricatum Kunze ex Sturm in Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 287. 18^59, non Blume, 1828, nom. illeg. Syntypes. Prov. Sebastianopolis, Est. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Martius & Langsdorff {syntype B R not seen); and Serra do Cubatao, Est. S. Paulo, Brazil, Lindberg (syntype B R not seen).

Hymenophyllum pusillum Schott ex Sturm in Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 289. 1859. Syntypes. Ilha Sta. Catarina, Est. Sta. Catarina, Brazil, Chamisso (syntype BR not seen); Serra do Cubatao, Est. S. Paulo, Brazil, Sellow (syntype B R not seen); Est. Goias, Brazil, Pohl 1419 (syntype BR not seen); and Mt. Kanuku, Guyana, Rich. Schomburgk 1180 (syntype B R not seen).

Hymenophyllum schomburgkii Presl ex Sturm in Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 250. 1859. Lectotype (chosen here). Guyana, Schomburgk 509 (lectotype L not seen photo 2516). The other syntype is Surinam, Hostmann 5 (syntype BR? not seen).

Hymenophyllum sturmii v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(3): 152, 1863. Syntypes. Serra dos Orgaos, Est. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ""Gaudichaud, Vauthier, Beyrich alii" (syntypes L none seen).

Hymenophyllum fecundum v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(3): 153. 1863. Type. Aguacate, Pcia. S. Jose, Costa Rica, Hoffmann (holotype B not seen).

Hymenophyllum breutelii (Presl) v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(3): 154. 1863.

Hymenophyllum botryoides v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(3): 160. 1863. Type. Mexico, Galeotti 6394 (holotype B R not seen, isotype K not seen).

Hymenophyllum matthewsii v. d. Bosch, Nederi. Kruid. Arch. 5(3): 162. 1863. Syntypes. Peru, Matthews (syntype L? not seen, isosyntypes P not seen photos 4607, 4611); and Quito, Pcia.

Pichincha, Ecuador, Cuming (syntype B not seen). Pinnules atypical for H. polyanthos.

Hymenophyllum viridissimum Fee, Crypt. Vase. Bres. 1: 194, t. 49, f 3. 1869. Syntypes. Brazil, Glaziou 1718 and 2050 (syntypes both P neither seen photo 4609).

Hymenophyllum mazei Foum. ex Christ in Krug in Urban, Bot. Jahrb. Engler 24: 85. 1897. Syntypes. Guadeloupe, Maze 461 and 651 p. p. (syntypes both P? neither seen).

Hymenophyllum polyanthos var. reductum Jenm., Bull. Misc. Inf Trinidad 13 [Fems Brit. W. Ind. & Guian.]: 8. 1898. Type. Not stated.

Hymenophyllum subdeltoideum Fee ex Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 2: 322. 1902. Type. Est. Sta. Catarina, Brazil, Ule 3351 (holotype P not seen).

Hymenophyllum polyanthos var. clavatum (Swartz) Duss, Foug. Lye. Antill. Franc. 6. 1903.

Hymenophyllum trichomanoides var. subalatum Rosenst., Repert. Sp. Nov. Fedde 22: 4. 1925. Type. Cerro Tablazo, Pcia. S. Jose, Costa Rica, 1900 m, Brade & Brade 396 (holotype S not seen, isotype US).

Mecodium polyanthos (Swartz) Copel., Philippine J. Sci. 67: 19. 1938.

Mecodium mexiae Copel., Univ. Calif Publ. Bot. 19: 294, t. 48. 1941. Type. Near confluence of the Rio Cayumba with the Rio Huallaga, Depto. Huanuco, Pem, 875 m, Mexia 8282 (holotype U C not seen, isotype M O ).

Hymenophyllum polyanthos var. sturmu (v. d. Bosch) Angely, Fl. Parana 23: 14. 1963.

Type. Jamaica, Swartz (holotype S not seen photo 6178, isotypes B-Hb. Willd. 20235, 20237 not seen Tryon photos, B M not seen photo 6586).

Distribution:Guyana South America| Colombia South America| Venezuela South America|