Monographs Details: Hymenophyllum fucoides (Sw.) Sw.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1984. The Botany of the Guyana Highland - Part XII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 38: 1-84.
Family:Hymenophyllaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - General distribution. Antilles. Southern Mexico to Bolivia and Brazil.Guayana Highland distribution. Epiphytic on mossy tree trunks and branches, rarely epipetric on mossy rocks. V E N E Z U E L A . Terr. Amazonas: Cerro Sipapo (Paraque), Phelps C a m p to N Savanna, 1400 m , Maguire & Politi 27762 (NY, U S ) ; Serrania Paru, Rio Paru, Caiio Asisa, 1800 m . C o w a n & Wurdack 31402 (NY, U S ) . Edo. Bolivar: Meseta del Jaua, N E portion of Cerro Sarisarinama, 1100m , Steyermark, Espinoza & Brewer-Carias 109344 (US, V E N ) ; Meseta del Jaua, S W portion of Cerro Jaua, 1750-1800 m , Steyermark, Espinoza & Brewer-Carias 109507 (US, V E N ) ; Chimanta Massif, central-northeast sector of Chimanta-tepui,E headwaters of Caiio Chimanta, ca 2000 m , Steyermark, Huber & Carrefio E. 128205 (US, V E N ) ; S W portion of Cerro V e n a m o near the border with Guyana, 1400 m , Steyermark & Dunsterville 92605 ( N Y , U S , V E N ) ; below S face of Ptaritepui,1600-2000 m , Moore, Ambrose, Dietz & Pfister 9722 (US); S-facing slopes of Ptari-tepui, 1810-2100 m , Steyermark 59530 (US); M t . Roraima, im Thurn292 (US).

Discussion:

Trichomanes fucoides Swartz, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. Prodr. 136. 1788.

Hymenophyllum spinulosum H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 26 (fol. 21). 1815. Type. Mt. Avila, between La Guaira and Caracas, Distr. Fed., Venezuela, 750 hexap elev, Humboldt & Bonpland holotype P not seen, microfiche S. I. Library).

Hymenophyllum cristatum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. 2: t. 148. 1829. Type. Mt. Cayambe, Peru, 2500 hexap elev, Jameson in 1828 (holotype K not seen).

Hymenophyllum peruvianum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. 2: t. 208. 1831. Type. Esmeraldas, Ecuador, 5000 ft, Jameson (holotype K not seen).

Leptocionium fucoides (Swartz) Presl, Hymenophyll. 27. 1844.

Hymenophyllum blepharodes Presl, Hymenophyll. 51. 1844. Type. Martinique, Kohaut (holotype PR not seen).

Hymenophyllum pedicellatum Kunze ex Klotzsch, Linnaea 20: 439. 1847. Type. Merida, Edo. Merida, Venezuela, Moritz 346 (holotype B not seen, isotypes BR not seen photo 4834, US).

Hymenophyllum fucoides var. frigidum Liebm., K. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 291. 1849. Type. Cerro de Zempoaltepec, Edo. Oaxaca, Mexico, 8000-9000 ft, Liebmann (holotype C not seen).

Dermatophlebium cristatum (Hook. & Grev.) Presl, Abhandl. K. Boehm. Gesell. Wiss. V, 6: 618. 1851

Hymenophyllum podocarpon Fee, Crypt. Vase. Bres. 1: 196, t. 71, f 3. 1869. Type. Organ Mountains, Est. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Glaziou 3350 (holotype P not seen photos 4579, 4580).

Leptocionium pedicellatum (Kunze ex Klotzsch) Foum., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 19: 249. 1872.

Hymenophyllum fucoides var. integrum Kuhn ex Christ in Pitt., Prim. Fl. Costar. 3(1): 3. 1901. Type. Guatemala, BemouUi 340 (holotype P not seen).

Hymenophyllum fucoides var. pedicellatum (Kunze ex Klotzsch) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Engler 34: 435. 1904.

Hymenophyllum fucoides var. cristatum (Presl) Hieron., Hedwigia 45: 227, 1906. Meringinum fucoides (Swartz) Copel., Philippine J. Sci. 67: 45. 1938.

Type. Jamaica, Swartz (holotype S not seen photo 6174, isotypes B-Hb. Willd. 20227-1 not seen photo G H , B M not seen photo 6590).

Distribution:Mexico North America| Bolivia South America| Brazil South America| Guyana South America| Venezuela South America|