Monographs Details: Coussarea paniculata (Vahl) Standl.
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1967. The botany of the Guayana Highland--Part VII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 17: 1-439.
Family:Rubiaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - Trinidad, the Guianas, Venezuela, northern Brazil, and Amazonian Peru. TRINIDAD. Arena, Broadway 6615; Guanapo, Dannouse s.n.; Arima, Dannouse s.n.; southern watershed reserve, Russell 12653; Fendler 439, 453; Crueger s.n.; Arima Valley, Santa Isabella trail, near Simla, alt 250-350 m, A. C. Smith 10078; Arima, Eggers 1424; Valencia, Eggers s.n.; road to Maracas Bay, Williams, Freeman & Cheeseman s.n.; Arima Valley, St, Pat's, Snow & Fleming (811)18; Bot. Gard. Herb. 1486, 2478. FRENCH GUIANA. Rio Oiapoque, in forest about 1 km S of mouth of Riv. Yaroupi, 2º48'N, 52º 28' W Irwin, Pires & Westra 48455; photo of type of Faramea martini DC. from Delessert Herb, at F. SURINAME. Zanderij I, B. W 2676; Saramacca River, 10 km below confluence of Toekoemoetoe Creek, Campo Dungeoman, Maguire 24057; Watramiri, Herb. no. 2851; Zanderij I, Herb. no. 4649; Zanderij, grounds of Land’s Bosbeheer, behind Cola Creek swimming area, 924 N, 350 E, Lems 5096; ad viam inter Paranam et Afobaka (distr. Brokopondo), Kramer & Hekking 2804; Wilhelmina Gebergte, Lucie Rivier, 3°20'N, 56°49'W-3°32'N, 56°26'W, riverine forest, 2 km below confluence with Oost Rivier, alt 225 m, Maguire, Schulz, Soderstrom & Holmgren 53908; Wilhelmina Gebergte, Lucie Rivier, 2-10 km below confluence of Oost Rivier, alt 225 m, Irwin, Prance, Soderstrom & Holmgren 55398; Wilhelmina Gebergte, Lucie Rivier, along river margin, from 3 km above to 2 km below confluence of Oost Rivier, Irwin, Prance, Soderstrom & Holmgren 55611BRITISH GUIANA. Ituni Road, Mackenzie, Demerara River, Fanshawe 2498. VENEZUELA. Bolivar: Cordillera Epicara, Rio Chicanan, southeast end of Cerro Piton, Alto Rio Cuyuni, alt 400 m, Maguire, Steyermark & C. K. Maguire 53615; sabanas alrededor Santa Elena, Lasser 1587; en la Boca Achora, Rio Merevari, alt 350 m, Cardona 93; cerca del Raudal Bucadesode, Alto Caura, alt 300 m, Cardona 87; Merida: selva pluvial, cerca de El Vigia, alt 100 m, Little 15811; Anzoategui: dryish forested slopes, Cerro La Danta, bordering tributary of Rio Leon, NE of Bergantin, alt 800-1100m, Steyermark 61097. BRAZIL. Amapa: upland, Rio Araguari, Serra do Navio, Pires, Rodrigues & Irvine 51189; margin of river, confluence of Rio Iaue and Rio Oiapoque, 2°53'N, 52°22'W, Irwin, Pires & Westra 47792; Rio Oiapoque, Mt. Bruyere, 4°10'N, 51°43'W, Irwin, Egler & Pires 47332; along trail leading to gold mining creek, about 3 km E of Mata Indios (Rio Oiapoque), about 2.5 km S of mouth of Riv. Yaroupi, 2°47'N, 52°27'W, Irwin, Pires & Westra 48470; along Rio Araguari, 2°13'N-51°5S'W, Pires, Rodrigues & Irvine 50666; Para: Tumboteua ad viam ferream Belem-Braganga, silva, Siguiera 23029. PERU. Loreto: prope Tarapoto, Spruce 4423; Fortaleza, near Yurimaguas, alt ca 140 m, Klug 2786; San Martin: Pongo de Cainarachi, Rio Cainarachi, tributary of Rio Huallaga, alt ca 230 m, Klug 2712.

Discussion:

Billardiera paniculata Vahl, Eclog. Am. 1: 13, pl. 10, f. 3. 1797.

Froelichia paniculata Vahl, Eclog. Am. 1:3. 1797

Coussarea froelichia A. Rich., Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 1//. 1834.

Faramea martini DC. ex Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 339. 1861, non DC., 1830.

Coussarea martini Benth. & Hook, f., Gen. Pl. 2: 121. 1873.

Type. “In sylvis prope amnem Galibiensem,” French Guiana.

Distribution:Trinidad and Tobago South America| Venezuela South America| French Guiana South America| Brazil South America| Peru South America| Suriname South America|