Monographs Details: Perama hirsuta Aubl. var. hirsuta
Authority: Maguire, Bassett & Wurdack, John J. 1964. The botany of the Guayana Highland--Part V. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 10: 1-278.
Family:Rubiaceae
Description:Distribution and Ecology - Distribution. Widely distributed in rocky, especially sandstone, dry or moist savannas, often in wet savannas bordering morichales (Mauritia), sandy flats, and along railroads, islands of Trinidad and Martinique, eastern and southern Venezuela, British Guiana, Surinam, and eastern Brazil south to the states of Bahia and Goyaz, at elevations from near sea level ascending to 1250 m on Cerro Moriche in southern Venezuela, and to 1200 m in the Kaieteur Plateau of British Guiana and the summit of Tafelberg, Surinam. TRINIDAD: Aripo Savanna, 14 Apr 1921, N. L. & E. G. Britton 2911 (NY); Piarco Savanna, 27 Feb 1920, N. L. & E . G. Britton & T. E . Hazen 74 (NY); Aripa Savanna, 3 Jul 1962, Steyermark 90914 (VEN); without locality, 1877-80, Fendter 991 (NY). MARTINIQUE. Savane seche de Vieux-Fort, ilede Ste. Lucie, 1886, Pere Duss 1450 (NY). SURINAM. Berlyn, Wullschlägel 818 (NY); Zanderij I, Oct 1909, J. Boldingh 3906 (NY); white sand, 21 Mar 1951, J. & P. A. Florschütz 1882; savanna, km 116.5, 23 Apr 1949, J. Lanjouw & J. C. Lindeman 3058 (NY); Zandery, 31 May 1916, J. A. Samuels 246 (NY); without locality, 1841, M. Berthoud-Coulon 173 (NY); sandy soil, savanna, vicinity of km 70, 3 Jun 1944, Maguire & Stahel 23629 (NY, VEN); Savanna II, Sanderij, 3 Jun 1944, Maguire & Stahel 23692 (NY); Savanna No. 1, Tafelberg (Table Mountain); alt. 1200 m; 3 Aug 1944, Maguire 24212 (NY, VEN). BRITISH GUIANA. Savannas, Kaieteur Plateau; alt. 1200 m; 1 May 1944, Maguire & Fanshawe 23129 (NY, VEN); Georgetown, 26 Nov 1919, A. S. Hitchcock 16947 (NY); frequent in Kopinang Savanna, southern Pakaraima Mountains; alt. 835 m; 5 Sep 1961, B. & C. K. Maguire & G. Wilson-Browne 46110-A (NY); Kurupukari, 3 Oct 1937, A. C. Smith 2173 (NY); Jenman 2225 (NY). FRENCH GUIANA. ''In locis humidis & arenosis Aroura & Orapu, Julio, F. Aublet," photo of type of Perama hirsuta at Brit. Mus. (NY). VENEZUELA. Anzoategui: Pariaguan, March 1942, Alicia Hernandez 48 (VEN) ; Santome, 21 Aug 1942, Pittier 15087 (VEN); Santome, 9 Jun 1941, Pittier 14778 (VEN). Monagas: Santa Barbara Camp; 4 Nov 1948, Maguire, Kunhardt, Jr., d; Politi 27292 (NY). Bolivar: Altiplanicie de Nuria, 23 Jan 1961, Steyermark 88714 (NY, VEN); Altiplanicie de Nuria, 23 Jan 1961, Steyermark 88764 (NY, VEN); Cerro Marimarota, Rio Parguaza; 4 Jan 1956, Wurdack & Monachino 41107 (NY); Gran Sabana, Santa Elena, 3 Oct 1944, Steyermark 59189 (F, NY, VEN); Alto Paragua, 20 Aug 1943, Cardona 833 (VEN); Cerro Perro, Alto Paragua, Julio 1943, Cardona 785 (VEN) ; El Dorado; alt. 150 m; 14 Apr 1957, Bernardi 6518 (NY); Sabana de Triana, Rio Chicanan, 1 Sep 1961, Steyermark 89674; Rio Chibau, Rio Chicanan, 1 Sep 1962, Bassett Maguire, Julian A. Steyermark, & Celia K. Maguire 53551 (NY, VEN); Ciudad Piar; Apr 1954, Aristeguieta 2171 (VEN). Amazonas: East Swamp, Esmeralda; alt. ca. 100 m; 19 Oct 1928, Tate 266 (F, NY); norte de Merey, cerca del margen del Rio Atabapo; Sep 1960, Foldats 3867 (VEN); Cerro Moriche, Rio Ventuari; alt. 1250 m ; 15 Jan 1951, Maguire, Cowan, & Wurdack 30938 (NY). BRAZIL. Para: Santarem, Amazon, Spruce (NY); Santarem, Apr 1850, Spruce 664 (NY); Vigia, 18 Jul 1935, Drouet 2132 (G, NY, U MO). Terr, do Rio Braneo: Serra Tepequem; alt. 900 m; 25 Nov 1954, B. & C. K. Maguire 40047 (NY); Serra Pellala, Oct 1908, Vie 7636 (NY). Terr. Amapa: Amapa, 3 Jun 1944, J. T. Baldwin, Jr. 4069 (NY). Bahia: Serra Morsalina, Carrasco, Jul 1913, Liltzelburg 88 (NY); Lusehnath 75 (P).

Discussion:

Fig. 81, F-J.

Perama Tiirsuta Aubl. PI. Guian. 1: 54. pi. 18. 1775; Poir. in Lam. Encycl. Suppl. 4: 353. pl. 68. 1816; 5: 168. 1804.

Perama setulosa Miq. Linnaea IS: 617. 1844.

Perama ericoides Poepp. & Endl. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 29-30. 1845.

Mattuschkea hirsuta (Aubl.) Vahl, Symb. 3: 11. 1794.

Mattuschkea incana Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1: 428. 1825; Schult. Mant. 3: 48. 1827.

Distribution:Trinidad and Tobago South America| Venezuela South America| Martinique South America| Guyana South America| Suriname South America| Brazil South America|