Monographs Details: Strychnos romeu-belenii Krukoff & Barneby
Authority: Krukoff, Boris A. & Barneby, Rupert C. 1969. Supplementary notes on the American species of Strychnos. VIII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 1-93, IX. 94-99.
Family:Loganiaceae
Description:Latin Diagnosis - sectionem Longiflorae referenda, S. rondeletioidei Spruce ex Benth. affinis, praesertim ramulis inflorescentiae glabris nee striguloso-velutinis corollaeque laciniis basi tantum nee ad apicem usque barbatis absimilis. A S. asperula Sprague & Sandw. corolla extus dense granuloso-papillosa nee laevi fauce barbato nee imberbi facilius separatur. Frutex alte scandens, infra calyces tota glabra, ramulis superioribus purpurascentibus, ecirrhosa (vel cirrhis non visis); foliorum petiolus ± 4 mm longus purpurascens, lamina elliptica vel ovato-elliptica basi cuneata apice breviter acuminata acuta 6-10 cm longa 2.3-4 cm lata, membranacea viridis 5-plinervia, nervis exterioribus debilibus ex ipsa fere basi interioribus validioribus ±1-1.5 cm supra basin a costa divergentibus, nervis primariis omnibus superne canaliculatis inferne prominulis lividis, nervis secundariis cum reticulo subtilissimis; inflorescentiae terminalis pedunculus 1.5-2 cm longus, cyma laxiuscule multiflora 3-4 cm lata, pedicellis ad anthesin 0.1-1.6 mm longis brevissime bracteolatis; calyx ±1.5 mm longus, laciniis ovatis obtusis extus glabris margine parce ciliolatis ± 1.1 X 0.8 mm; corollae extus densissime granuloso-papillosae (quasi pulverulentae) tubus 5.5-6 mm longus ad faucem paullo angustatus intus supra basin ad antheras usque sparse pilosulus, laciniis ovato-lanceolatis ±2.2 x 0.8 mm infra medium albobarbatis supra medium papillosis; antherae sessiles, inclusae, oblongae, glabrae 0.8 x 0.3 mm, apice muticae; ovarium stylusque glaberrimi; fructus ignotus.

Distribution and Ecology - Distribution: Known only from the type collection. Brazil: Bahia: Itacare, R. P. Belem & R. S. Pinheiro 2980 (NY, type, UB).

Discussion:Type locality: Itacare(mata costeira), Bahia, Brazil.The collectors describe the plant as "cipo sobre arvore de 30 m," apparently rare. Flowers were collected on Jan. 5. Tendrils were not seen on the specimens examined but they are expected to occur. It is interesting to note that of the 9 new species described in this paper 3 are from the poorly collected coastal forests of Bahia. Indications are that the end is not yet in sight. In addition to the new species, new records of the already known ones are only to be expected. It is to be recalled that some of the Amazonian species venture into the high riverine forests of eastern Bahia; species confined to caatingas of central Brazil occur in the western part of the State and species of the southern coastal forests reach Bahia along the coast.