Monographs Details: Caraipa
Authority: Maguire, Bassett. 1978. The botany of the Guayana Highland--part X. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 1-288.
Description:Genus Description - Trees, rarely shrubs; the bark exuding a balsam. Indumentum made up principally of stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, exstipulate, evergreen as far as known, with an entire margin, pinnate-nerved, the primary nerves connected by small subparallel or reticulate veins, the meshes between the latter often with a translucent secretory cell; the petioles relatively short, grooved. Inflorescences panicles or racemes; flowers fragrant, sepals 5, quincuncial, more or less connate at the base, petals contorted, yellow or whitish, stamens numerous, persistent after flowering, filaments slender, slightly connate at the base, anthers dorsifixed, short, versatile, tetrasporangiate, opening longitudinally, the connective broad and thickened into a small cupular gland, ovary 3-celled, each cell with (1-)2-3 pendulous anatropous ovules, sometimes only one cell perfect, style simple, the top trilobate. Capsule woody, pyramid-shaped, ovoid or fusiform, often asymmetrical or curved, septicidally dehiscent, leaving a 3-alate central column, the exocarp often separating from the endocarp; seeds mostly compressed, exalbuminous, the testa chartaceous.
Discussion:Caraipa Aublet, PI. Guiane I. 561-563, 4: 1223-224. 1775; Mart., N o v . Gen. Sp. PI. 1: 103-106, t 64-65., 1824; Camb., Mem. Mus. Paris 16: 413^17. 1828; Choisy, Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 14: 165-167. 1855; Benth., Jour. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5: 53-65. 1861; Wawra in Mart., Fl. Bras. 12(1): 316-323. 1886; Barboza Rodrigues, Ternstroem. 1887; Ducke. Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 3: 214-221. 1923; Eyma in Pulle, Fl. Surin. 3(1): 69-72. 1934; Sandwith, Jour. Bot. 80: 51-54. 1942.
No generic synonym is known to me.
Type. C. parvifolia Aubl.