Monographs Details: Aerolindigia capillacea (Hornsch.) M.Menzel
Authority: Sharp, Aaron J., et al. 1994. The Moss Flora of Mexico. Part Two: Orthotrichales to Polytrichales. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 69 (2)

Fig. 703

A. capilhcea (Hornsch.) Menzel, Nova Hedwigia 52: 322.1991.

Pilotrichum capillaceum Hornsch. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 58. 1840.

Leskea aciculata Tayl., London J. Bot. 6: 339. 1847.

Hypnum anomalum Hampe, Flora 45: 457. 1862.

Lindigia hypnoides Hampe, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. V, 4: 377. 1865.

Neckera papillipes C. Mail, ex Hampe, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. V, 4: 378. 1865.

Lindigia aciculata (Tayl.) Hampe, Bot. Zeit. 27: 868. 1869.

L. tenella Hampe ex Besch., Mem. Soc Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 248. 1872.

L. papillipes (C. Müll, ex Hampe) C. Müll., Linnaea 42: 402. 1879.

L. trichomitria C. Müll., Linnaea 42: 399. 1879.

L. lorentziiC. Müll., Linnaea 42: 399. 1879.

L. paupera C. Müll., Hedwigia 38 (Beibl.): 58. 1899.

Rhynchostegiella attenuata Bartr., Rev. Bryol. Lichenol. 6: 15. 1934.

R. capillacea (Hornsch.) Visn. & Allen, Bryologist 94: 14. 1991.

For further synonymy, see Menzel, 1991.

Visnada and Allen (1991) transferred this species out of Lindigia in the Meteoriaceae and into the Brachytheciaceae on the basis of a hypnoid peristome, rough seta, and rostrate operculum. They retained Lindigia debilis (Wils. ex Mitt.) Jaeg. of Costa Rica and northern South America in the Meteoriaceae because of its non-hypnoid peristome consisting of slender, papillose teeth and a reduced endostome with a low basal membrane and slender segments. In the same year, Menzel referred the present species to a new genus, Aerolindigia, which he also placed in the Brachytheciaceae. For phytogeographic reasons, it seems better to recognize Aerolindigia rather than use the name Rhynchostegiella, which is essentially a genus of Europe not to be expected in tropical America.