Monographs Details: Smilax syphilitica Willd.
Authority: Mori, S. A., et al. 1997. Guide to the vascular plants of central French Guiana: Part 1. Pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and monocotyledons. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 76: 1-422.
Description:Species Description - Lianas, prickles present only on lower branches. Branches terete. Leaves: petiole 2-5 cm long, the stipular sheath 10- 35 mm long, the wings 5-15 mm wide; blade coriaceous, narrowly ovate to ovate or elliptic, 20-40 X 8-14 cm, those on fertile branches reduced in size and narrowly elliptic, the base acute or obtuse, the apex acute or acuminate; principal veins 3-5(7), impressed adaxially, prominent abaxially, the secondary venation relatively inconspicuous ad- and abaxially, flattened adaxially, flattened to prominulous abaxially, the tertiary and higher order venation obscure. Inflorescence usually a racemose or occasionally paniculate arrangement of umbels, with foliaceous or reduced bracts; peduncle flattened, 1-5 cm long; pedicels 6—12 mm long. Staminate flowers: tepals narrowly elliptic, 4.5-5 X 0.8-1.2 mm; stamens 6, the filaments subulate, 2-2.5 mm long, the anthers 1.5-2 mm long, curved apically; pistillode lacking. Pistillate flowers not seen. Berries globose, 0.8-1 cm diam., turning orange when ripe.
Distribution and Ecology - Fl (Oct), fr (Oct-Jan); nonflooded forest