Monographs Details: Funaria
Authority: Sharp, Aaron J., et al. 1994. The Moss Flora of Mexico. Part One: Sphagnales to Bryales. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 69 (1)
Description:Genus Description - Leaves erect to spreading when moist, ± contorted when dry, mostly concave, oblong-ovate to broadly obovate, rounded to acute or acuminate at the apex; margins sinuate to serrate in the upper half, or rarely entire, unbordered; costa ending well below the apex to strongly excurrent; cells oblong-hexagonal above. Autoicous. Setae elongate, erect and flexuose to strongly and irregularly curved and twisted; capsules exserted, inclined to pendent, strongly curved-asymmetric or rarely suberect, pyriform, the neck long, well-marked, often shriveled when dry, the urn sometimes deeply furrowed; annulus revoluble or lacking; operculum convex or conic, with cells in obliquely radiating rows; exothecial cells with evenly and moderately to strongly thickened walls; peristome teeth lanceolate, often sigmoid and obliquely arranged, trabeculate at back, often appendiculate at the margins and united at the tip into a small, latticed disc, papillose-striate; segments of endostome 1/2 to 2/3 as long as the teeth or sometimes more reduced, papillose or ± papillose-striate. Spores spherical to angular, smooth or papillose. Calyptra rostrate-cucullate, inflated at the base.
The inclined and asymmetric capsules, double peristomes, and rostrate-inflated calyptrae are distinctive features of this genus. The peristome is double, and the teeth tend to be sigmoid-curved.