Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada
Maguire, Bassett. 1965. The Botany of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 12 (3): 1-285.
A genus mainly comprising lianas, but in a few cases collectors have recorded plants as shrubs or trees. Medanea is confined to tropical South America, especially to the northern half, and Trinidad.