Monographs Details: Strychnos albiflora Progel
Authority: Krukoff, Boris A. 1965. Supplementary notes on the American species of Strychnos VII. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 12: 1-94.
Description:Distribution and Ecology - Brazil: Rio de Janeiro: Glaziou 9520 (K).
Discussion:In the absence of botanical specimens, this species was placed by us under doubtful species in our monograph. We reinstated this as a valid species in 1948 (4: 349) once the type collection (Luschnath s.n.; 1833) from the State of Rio de Janeiro (“in valle Laranjeiras et Monte Corcovado”), Brazil became available. Together with this species we placed provisionally 14 sterile collections from the State of Espirito Santo collected by Luiz Emygdio de Mello Filho et al, in the basin of Rio Doce. The only other collection of this species available is a sterile sheet (Glaziou 4097) from Rio de Janeiro.
As we stated in 1948 (4: 350): “additional flowering material of S. albijlora with several sheets amply representing the variations in leaves would be of considerable interest, as such a collection would permit the better understanding of the species which is at present definitely known only from the type collection.”
The fruits of this species are still unknown. It would be important to collect and describe mature fruits and seeds and place this species in the proper place in the key made by Ducke, which is based on the fruit characters (31: 53-57).
In the systematic arrangement of the species this poorly collected and poorly understood species has been placed by us next to S. acuta (4: 349) to which it is obviously closely related and it is not necessary to make any change at this time.
In our paper (4: 350) we cite fourteen specimens from Espirito Santo tentatively under S. albiflora under provisional collectors’ numbers (“OVB-2,” etc.). In their paper (35: 13) Luiz Emygdio de Mello Filho and João de Souza Campos (two of the collectors) also have given the numbers of these specimens under which they are deposited with Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, and on a map facing page 16, they also indicated the precise localities of collection of these 14 specimens.
For information on the tests of crude extracts of this species on curare-like action, see under S. trinervis.
Distribution:Brazil South America