Monographs Details: Euterpe catinga Wallace var. catinga
Henderson, A. & Galeano, Gloria A. 1996. , , and (Palmae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 72: 1-90. (Published by NYBG Press)
Description:Variety Description - Stems cespitose with a few stems, or only 1 stem developed with basal shoots, or solitary, 5-16 m tall, 3.5-9 cm diam. Leaves 5-10; sheath 53-87 cm long including a 1-2 cm ligule, orange or reddish, rarely green, often with burgundy scales, often with a mass of black, elongate, flimsy scales apically; petiole 0-10(-17) cm long, densely covered with black or reddish brown, raised, ramenta-like scales; rachis 1.2-2.4 m long, densely to moderately covered with scales like those of petiole; pinnae 38-75 per side, ± horizontally spreading; basal pinna 32-75 x 0.3-1 cm; middle pinnae 35-68 x 2-3.5 cm; apical pinna 23-28 x 1-1.8 cm. Inflorescences infrafoliar; peduncle 6-9 cm long; prophyll ca. 54 cm long; peduncular bract ca. 60 cm long, prophyll and peduncular bract same color as sheath; rachis 20-30 cm long; rachillae 48-97, 48-60 cm long, 2.5-3.5 mm diam. at anthesis, densely covered with short, stiff, branched, whitish brown, 0.1 mm long hairs; fruits 0.8-1 cm diam.
Local names and uses. Brazil: açaizinho, assaí de caatinga, assaí de catinga, assaí chumbinho, assaí cubinha; Colombia: asaí de sabana, asaí paso, guasaí pequeno; Peru: huasaí de varillal; Venezuela: manaca. The stems are used in house construction, the leaves are used for thatching temporary shelters, and mature fruits are occasionally used to make a drink. Spruce (1871) wrote: “It varies so much in the quality of the fruit that, were not all essential characters the same, it might be supposed to include two or more species; for in certain districts the mesocarp of the fruit, though thin, is soft and sweet, and makes a better drink than even the common Assai or Manaca (E. oleracea); but where the palms grow on almost bare flats of granite rock that are inundated with every shower, the pulp is so grumous or gritty as to be unserviceable."
Distribution and Ecology: Western Amazon region in Colombia (Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Vaupés), Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), Peru (Loreto), and Brazil (Amazonas) (Fig. 13); open or dwarf forest in wet, poorly drained areas on white-sand soil and black-water drainage areas below 350 m; also in similar habitats in the southwestern Guayana Highland region of Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), in open cloud forest 1100-1500 m. Fruits are eaten by oilbirds (Steatornis caripensis), which seem to be an important disperser of this species (Galeano, pers. obs.).
Amazonas Brazil South America
| Amazonas Colombia South America
| Guainía Colombia South America
| Guaviare Colombia South America
| Vaupés Colombia South America
| Loreto Peru South America
| Amazonas Venezuela South America
| Bolívar Venezuela South America