Monographs Details: Syrrhopodon helicophyllus Mitt.
Authority: Reese, William D. 1993. Calymperaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 58: 1-102. (Published by NYBG Press)
Description:Species Description - Plants robust, glossy above, wiry, in tangled mats; rhizoids dark-red; stems to ca. 3 cm tall, often repent and rhizome-like, sometimes matted with rhizoids. Leaves Unear to tapering, 3-4 mm long, upper lamina often helically coiled when dry; margins entire all around, bordered all around with thick band of elongate hyaline cells; cancellinae persistent, very distinct; median leaf cells thick-walled, porose, pellucid, square to rectangular, mostly 12 x 36 µm, smooth and flat dorsally, slightly bulging ventrally; gemmae filamentous, septate, to ca. 160 µm long, dorsal and ventral along costa on old, brown, lower leaves. Seta red, 4 mm long; capsule 1.5 mm long; peristome ca. 145 pm tall, fairly well developed, teeth slender, articulate, vertically striate on outer surface; operculum 1.4 mm long. Spores 17 pm, granular. Calyptra 2-2.2 mm long.

Discussion:This very distinctive moss is characterized by its large, smooth, porose leaf cells and its often heUcally coiled leaves. Its gemmae are almost identical to those of S. parasiticus and S. flexifolius, but are borne in a very different way, on both surfaces of the leaf.
Distribution:Colombia South America| Amazonas Colombia South America| Vaupés Colombia South America| Venezuela South America| Amazonas Venezuela South America| Bolívar Venezuela South America| Brazil South America| Amazonas Brazil South America|