Monographs Details: Casearia sylvestris Sw. var. sylvestris
Authority: Sleumer, Hermann O. 1980. Flacourtiaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 22: 1-499. (Published by NYBG Press)
Family:Flacourtiaceae
Description:Variety Description - Shrub or tree, 2.0-6.0, occasionally up to 10.0 m tall; trunk up to 15.0 cm diam; bark yellowish to reddish-brown. Branchlets slender, glabrous or short-pubescent at tips, older parts rather early gray-corticate, more or less densely lenticellate. Leaves persistent in general, variable in shape, texture and size apparently according to ecological conditions, generally more or less narrowly ovate-oblong to -elliptic, rarely broadly so, apex usually slenderly long-acuminate to subcaudate, tip bluntish, base often somewhat asymmetrical, generally cuneate or obtuse, membranaceous to thin-coriaceous, dark green and lustrous above when fresh, more or less densely pellucid-punctate and -lineate, glabrous, though occasionally short-pubescent beneath mainly on midrib and nerves, subcrenate-serrate to entire, (3.0-)6.0-14.0 cm long, (2.0-)3.0-5.0(-7.0) cm broad, lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, curved, slightly prominent beneath, reticulation of veins and veinlets rather dense, generally not much raised though occasionally more distinctly so on both faces; petiole glabrous or pubescent, slender, 4.0-8.0(-10.0) mm long; stipules subovate, scarious, 1.0-1.5 mm long, caducous. Inflorescences axillary, sessile, fascicled, variable as to the density of the tomentum, few- to many-flowered; bracts small, glabrous or pubescent, forming a cushion; pedicels slender, articulate near or below middle, glabrous or hairy, 2.0-5.0 mm long. Flowers with a disagreeable smell. Sepals 5, slightly united at base, broadly ovate, pale yellow to whitish or sometimes greenish, obtuse, erect at anthesis, glabrous to tomentellous dorsally, ciliate, (1.5-)2.0 mm long. Stamens 10; filaments hardly inequilong, glabrous or sparsely pilose, 1.0-1.5 mm long; anthers didymous-subglobose, 0.3 mm diam, with a small apical gland. Disk-lobes a little united with the stamens at base, whitish-tomentellous, ca 1.0 mm long. Ovary ovoid-obtusangular, glabrous or sparsely hairy towards the short slender trifid style (the latter remaining undivided in galled flowers); stigmas capitellate. Capsule ovoid-globose, obtusangular, subtended by the persistent spreading sepals, (sub)glabrous, yellow, becoming brown or reddish-purplish in age, 3.0-4.0 mm long, splitting into 3 subcoriaceous valves; seeds 2-6, flattened-ellipsoidal, (1.5-)2.0 mm long; testa light brown, glabrous, reticulate-foveolate; aril reddish, sticky, incomplete.

Distribution and Ecology - Widely dispersed - and locally common from Mexico (Sinaloa-San Luis Potosí-Nayarit-Jalisco) southwards to Argentina (Salta-Formosa-N Chaco-Corrientes-Misiones) and Uruguay; in primary or secondary, wet or dry, rarely caducifolius forest or thickets, chiefly at low elevations, occasionally ascending to 2300 m alt.

Distribution:Mexico North America| Sinaloa Mexico North America| San Luis Potosí Mexico North America| Tamaulipas Mexico North America| Nayarit Mexico North America| Jalisco Mexico North America| Puebla Mexico North America| Veracruz Mexico North America| Guerrero Mexico North America| Oaxaca Mexico North America| Tabasco Mexico North America| Chiapas Mexico North America| Guatemala Central America| Petén Guatemala Central America| Huehuetenango Guatemala Central America| Alta Verapaz Guatemala Central America| Izabal Guatemala Central America| Retalhuleu Guatemala Central America| Suchitepéquez Guatemala Central America| Sololá Guatemala Central America| Escuintla Guatemala Central America| Guatemala Guatemala Central America| Santa Rosa Guatemala Central America| Chiquimula Guatemala Central America| Belize Central America| Cayo Belize Central America| Belize Belize Central America| Stann Creek Belize Central America| Toledo Belize Central America| Honduras Central America| Cortés Honduras Central America| Ocotepeque Honduras Central America| Copán Honduras Central America| Atlántida Honduras Central America| Yoro Honduras Central America| Comayagua Honduras Central America| Morazán Honduras Central America| Olancho Honduras Central America| El Paraíso Honduras Central America| Choluteca Honduras Central America| Valle Honduras Central America| El Salvador Central America| Santa Ana El Salvador Central America| San Salvador El Salvador Central America| San Vicente El Salvador Central America| San Miguel El Salvador Central America| La Unión El Salvador Central America| Nicaragua Central America| Nueva Segovia Nicaragua Central America| Madriz Nicaragua Central America| Chinandega Nicaragua Central America| Matagalpa Nicaragua Central America| Zelaya Nicaragua Central America| Granada Nicaragua Central America| Carazo Nicaragua Central America| Rivas Nicaragua Central America| Chontales Nicaragua Central America| Costa Rica South America| Guanacaste Costa Rica Central America| Alajuela Costa Rica Central America| Heredia Costa Rica Central America| Puntarenas Costa Rica Central America| San José Costa Rica Central America| Cartago Costa Rica Central America| Limón Costa Rica Central America| Panama Central America| Bocas del Toro Panamá Central America| Chiriquí Panamá Central America| Colón Panama Central America| Coclé Panamá Central America| Veraguas Panama Central America| Canal Zone Panamá Central America| Panamá Panama Central America| San Blás Panama Central America| Darién Panamá Central America| Cuba South America| Piñar del Río Cuba South America| La Habana Cuba South America| Camagüey Cuba South America| Isla de Piños Cuba South America| Jamaica South America| Cayman Islands South America| Haiti South America| Dominican Republic South America| Puerto Rico South America| Virgin Islands South America| Saint Thomas Virgin Islands of the United States South America| Saint John Virgin Islands of the United States South America| Saint Croix Virgin Islands of the United States South America| St.Martin-St.Barthélémy South America| Saint Kitts and Nevis South America| Montserrat South America| Guadeloupe South America| Martinique South America| Saint Vincent and the Grenadines South America| Grenada South America| Colombia South America| Magdalena Colombia South America| Atlántico Colombia South America| Bolívar Colombia South America| Norte de Santander Colombia South America| Antioquia Colombia South America| Arauca Colombia South America| Caldas Colombia South America| Cundinamarca Colombia South America| Valle Colombia South America| Tolima Colombia South America| Huila Colombia South America| Meta Colombia South America| Cauca Colombia South America| Nariño Colombia South America| Putumayo Colombia South America| Amazonas Colombia South America| Venezuela South America| Zulia Venezuela South America| Trujillo Venezuela South America| Yaracuy Venezuela South America| Portuguesa Venezuela South America| Carabobo Venezuela South America| Cojedes Venezuela South America| Aragua Venezuela South America| Distrito Federal Venezuela South America| Miranda Venezuela South America| Guárico Venezuela South America| Anzoátegui Venezuela South America| Sucre Venezuela South America| Monagas Venezuela South America| Barinas Venezuela South America| Mérida Venezuela South America| Bolívar Venezuela South America|