On 2 August 2018, the DPRK RCS officially informed the IFRC Country Office in the DPRK of a developing emergency in both South Pyongan and South Hamgyong Provinces due to a recent heat wave which is severely affecting agricultural production. The heat wave has brought temperatures of over 39℃ across the country as of 3 August. The heat wave started as of 11 July 2018 and is expected to last at least 23 days. This climatic event is seriously affecting agricultural production of the country. There have been reported casualties among elderly people and children due to heat stroke and these reports are being followed up by the local branches whose catchment area covers a total population of 13,768. It is anticipated that this weather pattern will continue until mid-August and will significantly reduce the yield, especially that of maize that is showing signs of withering and affect the livelihood of the people in the affected communities. According to state media, Rodong Sinmun (Korean Workers' Party newspaper) the Pyongyang government has declared a state of emergency on 2 August 2018 because of the unusually hot weather. (IFRC, 4 Aug 2018)
With few other options to intervene with existing resources in-country, the focus by DPRK RCS and the government of DPRK is to concentrate on preserving the crops that are due for harvest in September. Any threat to food security will have a serious effect on an already stressed population in terms of food availability and the risk of increased malnutrition which will affect the most vulnerable sectors of the affected population – children, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly and those with underlying illnesses. Initial reports indicate crop damage synonymous with the occurrences of the dry spells of 2014 and 2017. (IFRC, 9 Aug 2018)
The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo announced on 01 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. “This new cluster is occurring in an environment which is very different from where we were operating in the northwest,” said Dr Peter Salama, WHO Deputy Director-General, Emergency Preparedness and Response. (WHO, 01 Aug 2018)
The DRC Red Cross has a strong in-country capacity to respond to Ebola, with 60,000 volunteers across the country. Red Cross teams in DRC played a significant role in containing the recent Ebola outbreak in Equateur Province, as well as all the previous ones since the disease was first identified in 1976. IFRC is ready to provide technical and financial support to local Red Cross response efforts on the ground. This could include redeploying personnel involved in the Ebola response in Equateur Province, as well as the deployment of new experts if necessary. (IFRC, 02 Aug 2018)
As of 3 August 2018, a total of 43 Ebola virus disease cases (13 confirmed and 30 probable), including 33 deaths, have been reported. An additional 33 suspected cases are currently pending laboratory testing to confirm or exclude Ebola virus disease. Three healthcare workers have been affected, of whom two have died. (WHO, 04 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. Work has begun to prepare ring vaccination in the Mangina health area, 30km from the town of Beni. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, at 05:47 local time, on 29 July 2018, followed by 66 aftershocks with the highest of those with a recorded magnitude of 5.7. The earthquake affected the three districts of North Lombok, East Lombok and West Lombok. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 50 kilometres northeast of the city Mataram on the northern part of Lombok island, with a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. The quake also impacted Mount Rinjani national park, a popular trekking destination. Access to the climbing routes are temporarily closed due to reports of a landslide around the mountain. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2018)
The West Nusa Tenggara administration declared a seven-day state of emergency. The earthquake has claimed at least 17 lives. As of 1 August, the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency (BNPB) had recorded 10,062 displaced people and 5,448 destroyed houses across Lombok, most of which are located in East Lombok regency. (Jakarta Post, 1 Aug 2018)
Assessments as well as delivery of immediate assistance which includes first aid and basic medical services are also being undertaken alongside search, rescue and recovery efforts. The Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province has issued a provincial level state of calamity to be applied for three days until 1 August 2018, and the district of Lombok until 5 August, with potential extension following the result of continuous assessment on the impact and development of the situation. BNPB has indicated that there is no request for international assistance at this stage. (IFRC, 1 Aug 2018)
More than 90 people have been killed and hundreds more have been injured in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that took place in Lombok, Indonesia on the evening of 5 August. This second earthquake followed the 6.4 magnitude quake that struck the same area on 29 July. (IFRC, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 12 August 2018 (17.30 hrs UTC+7), National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and Command Post for Lombok Earthquake have verified an overall fatalities number of 392, 1,353 people injured (all levels of injuries), and 387,067 people displaced. In addition, a total of 67,875 houses damaged, along with 6 bridges, 606 schools, 3 hospitals, and 20 office buildings. (ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance, 13 Aug 2018)
As of 15 August, the series of earthquakes and aftershocks in Lombok Island have caused 460 deaths, 7,733 injured and 417,259 displaced people, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB). An initial damage assessment to infrastructure reports over 72,000 houses damaged, as well as 52 health facilities, 128 religious facilities and 6 bridges damaged. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2018)
On 19 August, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake has struck the Indonesian island of Lombok, just hours after a 6.3 magnitude quake shook the island, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Two smaller quakes were reported around the same time. The quakes triggered landslides and forced residents to flee, but no deaths were immediately reported. (VOA, 19 Aug 2018)
In El Salvador, there will be a meeting of the United Nations country team tomorrow [27 July] to develop a plan of action following the declaration by the Government of a red alert emergency due to the severe drought affecting some 77,000 corn farmers. Lack of rain led to losses of over 90,000 metric tons of corn, one of the main staple foods in the country. The eastern part of the country has reported 33 consecutive days without rain and record temperatures reaching 41°C. (UN DPI, 26 Jul 2018)
Flooding has affected over 45,000 people, led to 23 human deaths and 61 injuries. In addition, more than 8,900 families have been rendered homeless and are currently putting up in temporary sites in their neighbours and relative’s houses.
These rains have caused significant damage to key infrastructure such as bridges and roads as well as amenities like schools, latrines and local dispensaries. In addition, livelihoods have been significantly affected as farms were submerged in water and livestock washed away. Power outages occur severally due to collapsing of power lines.
The Sudanese Meteorological Authority and the Ministry of Water Resources and Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC)’s early warming bulletin indicate that heavy rainfall is forecasted to continue over the eastern parts of the country as well as over Butana plains, including River Nile, the Red Sea state as well as Central and Western Darfur states. Additionally, the Blue Nile river and River Nile are expected to rise due to increased precipitation and this may cause river flooding and subsequently displacements and other needs amongst populations living along the riverine (IFRC, 13 Aug 2018.)
At least 6,000 homes in West Kordofan and Kassala states have been affected by recent heavy rains and floods, said the government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). In anticipation of above average rains this year in most parts of Sudan, a monthly Flood Task Force (FTF) composed of humanitarian partners—under the auspices of HAC---was reactivated in late June to put in place a four-month flood contingency plan for the country. The first meeting of the FTF focused on early warning and information management, Sector preparedness, response and coordination (OCHA, 15 Jul 2018.)
The director of civil defence of West Kordofan, police Colonel Zahir Abukalam announced the death of three people, the loss of three others, the damage of 2500 houses and the collapse of parts of some institutions, schools and districts and El Nahud market. (Radio Dabanga, 25 Jul)
Heavy rainfall over a period of several days in Attapeu Province resulted in dangerously high river and dam levels. An incident at the Xepien-Xenamnoy Hydropower dam construction in Attapeu province resulted in flash flooding, with eight villages affected: Ban Mai; Ban HinLath; Ban ThaSengchan; Ban Thahintai; Ban Sanong; Ban Thae; Ban Phonsa-ath; and Ban Nongkhae. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 24 Jul 2018)
The collapse of the dam affected nearly 7,000 people and displacing more than 1,000 people. More than 100 houses were damaged, forcing people to seek shelter in local government buildings and schools. Red Cross teams in the Attepeu branch have distributed clothing, food and drinking water to households in the affected area. (IFRC/Lao Red Cross, 25 Jul 2018)
On 26 July, The IFRC released an appeal seeking a total of some 2.9 million Swiss francs, on a preliminary basis, to enable the [IFRC] to support the Lao Red Cross (LRC) to deliver assistance and support 7,500 people for 18 months. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2018)
In addition, Tropical Storm Son-Tinh affected several provinces, the most severe being Sanamxay District in the Attapeu Province. This is the largest flood the country has seen in the past 10 years. The UN activated five clusters: WASH, Health, Food Security and Nutrition, Shelter and Logistics. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 29 Jul 2018) The water level is receding slowly, but road access remains difficult. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 28 July, 16,250 people have been affected by flooding in Attapeu Province following the impact of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that caused the Xepien-Xenamnoyu hydroelectric dam in Sanamxay District to break. 19 people are known to have died and more than 7,300 people have been displaced and are living in temporary shelters. Roads, bridges, schools and agricultural land has been damaged or destroyed, and most of the affected area remains cut off except by boat. There is an urgent need for food, sanitation and hygiene support, housing repair kits and psychosocial support.
Flood waters caused by the break of Xepien-Xenamnoyu dam in southern Lao PDR are flowing downstream, resulting in the evacuation of more than 5,600 people in Stung Treng Province, northern Cambodia. As of 31 July, no people have been reported dead or missing. The water level at Stung Treng is at 10.7m and forecast to reach flood level within five days. Local authorities are distributing relief items and NGOs have deployed staff to assist in monitoring the situation. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2018)
Tropical Storm Son-Tinh caused heavy rains in 13 provinces and unprecedented flash floods in Sanamxay District in Attapeu Province. As of 6 August, the water level is receding slowly, but access to the affected area remains challenging due to floods and mud. Some areas are accessible only by helicopter. Based on the Government’s information, 13 villages have been affected, five are considered severely affected. The Government has declared the affected area as a National Disaster Zone. Current identified needs are water, health, food, shelter and psychosocial support. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
On 7 August, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a Disaster Response Plan to provide life-saving assistance to 13,100 people affected by the flash floods and re-establish their basic livelihoods. The Plan asks for US$5.6 million in humanitarian relief and recovery support across eight clusters: Education, Food Security and Nutrition, Health, Protection, including Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence, Shelter, including camp management, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Early Recovery and Coordination. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 9 Aug 2018)
As of 13 August, 45 districts in Cambodia have been affected by flooding, after flood waters flowed south from Lao PDR. Almost 70,500 families have been affected, including 7,150 families who have been evacuated from their homes. In addition, 21,400 schools and 4,100 health facilities have been impacted by the floods. Local government and NGOs are providing people with food, NFIs, health support and cash assistance. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2018)
According to the authorities, as of 28 July, 520 cholera cases, including eight deaths, have been recorded in the Madaroufa health district, in the southern Maradi region. The number of recorded cases has tripled compared to the previous week when 148 cases had been recorded as of 19 July. To contain the outbreak, the Ministry of Public Health, with the support of humanitarian partners, has opened six treatment sites, positioned medicines and strengthened the epidemiological surveillance. The cholera outbreak was declared on 13 July and affects seven areas in the Maradi region. (OCHA, 7 Aug 2018)
The number of people affected by cholera has increased since the first cholera case was identified at the beginning of July in the Madarounfa district of the Maradi region. As of 11 August, 1,107 cases have been reported by the Ministry of Public Health and 19 people have died. The number of cases in the densely populated Maradi town is now at 66. (ECHO, 13 Aug 2018)
Heavy and continuous rainfall since 7 July 2018 has caused flooding in most parts of Sichuan and the southeast region of Gansu Province. In some areas of North Central Sichuan, there have been heavy rainstorms and torrential rains for four consecutive days. These were also compounded by the effects of two weather systems in the area; Typhoon Prapiroon, and Typhoon Maria. According to reports from National Disaster Reduction Commission, as of 13 July 2018, floods have affected 1,381,000 people, where 3 persons have died; 222,000 have taken emergency resettlement; 22,000 needed emergency relief in Sichuan prefectures of Deyang, Mianyang, Guangyuan (that includes 15 cities and 70 counties); more than 900 houses have collapsed, and 29,000 houses have been damaged. A total of 36,900 hectares of crops have been affected by the floods and 5,200 hectares will have no harvests this year. The direct economic loss has been estimated to be over 5.3 billion yuan. Gansu province was hit even harder, according to the Ministry of Emergency Management. A heavy rainstorm occurred in Southeast Gansu from 10 to 11 July 2018. The provinces of Tianshui, Zhangye, Pingliang (including 10 cities and 46 counties) are flooded, and have affected 1,519,000 people where 12 have died; four are missing; and 30,000 were evacuated. More than 2,300 houses collapsed, and 19,000 were damaged to varying degrees. The direct economic loss was 3.6 billion Yuan. On 12 July 2018, the Provincial Disaster Reduction Commission selected four technical persons and two satellite commanding vehicles - carrying unmanned aerial vehicles and 4G communications equipment - to collect unmanned aerial vehicle remote sensing data with the working group. According to this rapid assessment, heavy rainfall has resulted in a large number of seriously damaged houses that have continued to collapse in these two provinces. More rain has been falling over the past week, worsening the flood situation. The flooding season will continue until the end of August and more rain can be expected until then. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2018)
China Meteorological Administration activated a level three emergency response to address Typhoon Ampil. It is required that the relevant meteorological sectors attached to CMA enter the emergency position immediately and put corresponding meteorological services in place. The potential affected areas such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Anhui are expected to sustain or adjust the corresponding emergency state according to local realities. (Gov't of China, 20 Jul 2018)
On 22 July, National Meteorological Center reported that Typhoon Ampil has made landfall at the coastal regions of Chongming Island, Shanghai. The maximum wind intensity at the center registered 28 m/s. The minimum air pressure registered 985 pHa. (Gov't of China, 22 Jul 2018)
In northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, more than 5,200 residents have been evacuated as torrential rain has battered Helan Mountain since 22 July. The maximum rainfall during this period reached 277.6 millimeters in Helan Mountain, and floods have formed in the eastern areas at the foot of the mountain. In north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, floods triggered by torrential rain have left 12 people dead and three others missing as of 23 July. The regional meteorological observatory has issued a red alert for rainstorms, warning that rainfall will continue in the following days and may cause floods and landslides in cities and towns. The water level in the section of Lanzhou, the capital city of northwest China's Gansu Province, along the Yellow River, has risen rapidly due to heavy rain. (Gov't of China, 23 Jul 2018)
On 31 July, twenty people died in floods caused by torrential rain in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Another eight people remain missing after the downpours hit Qincheng Township in Hami according to the regional disaster relief headquarters. Over 5,500 residents have been evacuated and provided with tents, daily necessities and medical treatment in temporary relocation sites. (Gov't of China, 3 Aug 2018)
On 18 August, nearly 260,000 residents in central China's Henan Province have been affected by Typhoon Rumbia. According to provincial civil affairs department, no casualties have been reported, but 259,000 people and nearly 20,000 hectares of crops have been affected and 138 houses damaged. (Xinhua, 19 Aug 2018)
On 5 July 2018, due to heavy rain, melting of snow and glacier in the upper part of the river Nenskra basin, a part of the mountain Khokrili (Samegrelo Zemo Svaneti Region, Georgia) collapsed, blocking the Nenskra River bed. As a result, accumulated water flooded the Nenskra valley villages. In total 1,143 people (323 families) live in Chuberi community villages. All of them were affected by the flooding according to the local government of Mestia. (IFRC, 25 Jul 2018)
Between 3th of July to 5th of July 2018, heavy rainfall of unprecedented intensity caused flash flooding in several parts of Mongolia affecting more than 792 households across the country. Following the heavy rainfall, Khovd, Bayan-Ulgii, Zavkhan, Uvurkhangai Provinces Centers and Khan-Uul District became affected by the floods. Over 210 families have lost their homes, over 700 livestock have perished, and at least 55 hectares of agricultural land has been destroyed. (IFRC, 15 Jul 2018)
Heavy rain caused flooding in western parts of the country. Bayan-Ulgii is the worst affected province. As of 19 July, approximately 2,500 people were severely affected. Damage is reported to roads, shelters and homes. Those evacuated are using school dormitories as temporary shelter. The Government is providing shelter, drinking water, and support in logistics and waste management. (OCHA, 23 Jul 2018)
On 27 June 2018 at around 4 p.m., Guinea Bissau was hit by violent winds of 80 km to 120 km/h, (according to the National Meteorological Agency). The storm caused the destruction of hundreds of houses, social infrastructures (schools, hospitals, roads, etc.). In Bissau the capital, about 2,000 families were affected, and 420 houses were destroyed. Three (3) deaths were also reported. Approximately 800 people were displaced in other regions. The most affected areas are: Bissau, specifically, the districts of Antula, Militar, Bor, Bairro Reno, Cuntum and Praca, and the regions of Bubaque, Bolama, Biombo, Oio and Sao Domingos. (IFRC, 10 Jul 2018)
Heavy floods triggered by torrential rains on 18 June killed at least 18 people in the commercial capital Abidjan. Flood waters rose up to 2.5 metres high, inundating houses and destroying property across six neighbourhoods in the coastal city. Rescue teams saved 115 people. Several people were forced to seek refuge with other families. A few of them have returned to their homes. The authorities plan to demolish structures in flood-prone areas and compensate the owners. Deadly floods are common during the rainy season that runs from June to October. (OCHA, 25 Jun 2018)
As the peak of raining season is expected from July to August, quick actions must therefore be taken to reduce the potential impact of additional flood episodes and for those currently affected, to enable them to regain their dignity. (IFRC, 3 Jul 2018)
From 18 - 19 June 2018, almost all of Côte d’Ivoire suffered heavy rains which led to a great deal of material damage and loss of life. The resulting floods in several neighborhoods in Abidjan and other cities led to collapse of buildings and bridges. A total of 20 deaths has been reported in three cities (18 in Abidjan, 1 in Tiassalé, and 1 in Guibéroua). In the most affected district of Riviera in Abidjan, 115 wounded people were receiving care. A total of 136 people has also been reportedly
rescued in affected areas by the rapid intervention system put in place.
An inter-ministerial crisis meeting under the leadership of the Prime Minister has been held to coordinate response to the event. (WHO, 06 Jul 2018)
A tropical storm made landfall on the coast of Rakhine State on 29-30 May, bringing strong winds and heavy rains to nine states and regions in Myanmar. Three people were killed and almost 200 houses were damaged in Rakhine State. In Yangon region, two people were injured and more than 750 houses and other buildings were damaged. Local organizations and the Government’s Department of Disaster Management (DDM) provided assistance including food, construction materials and cash to affected families in both areas. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
Heavy monsoon rains in recent weeks have led to floods and landslides in 10 states and regions of Myanmar. As of 17 June, 8,000 houses have been damaged or inundated, 23,000 people have been temporarily evacuated, 12,000 acres of farmland have been damaged, and 11 people have died due to floods and landslides. Government authorities, the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS), and local organizations are providing assistance to flood-affected people, including food and other relief items. (OCHA, 18 Jun 2018)
As of 19 June 2018, Ayeyawaddy, Magway, Bago, Sagaing regions and Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan states/regions have been affected by flooding. Mon State, Rakhine State and Magway Region are the most affected areas. In Mon State, heavy rains have caused floods in Paung, Mottama, Mawlamyine, Mudon, Kyeikmayaw, Yay and Thanphyuzayat. [DDM] reported that over 7,916 people have been temporarily evacuated in these six townships and are being housed in 11 temporary sites. Minor damages to infrastructure in the most affected areas have been reported including schools and Mottama hospital in Mon State. According to reports, the water level is residing and most families have returned to their homes. According to DDM, as of 19 June 2018, 40,234 people (10,539 households) have been affected and 23,500 people have been temporarily evacuated, 12,000 acres of farmland have been damaged, and 18 people have died due to floods and landslides in 54 townships of 10 states and regions. The government’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC) in Nay Pyi Taw is closely monitoring the situation and coordinating with MRCS’ EOC and the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology. UNOCHA is on standby for response in affected states/regions. (IFRC, 26 Jun 2018)
Heavy rain have been affecting Myanmar in the fourth week of June, triggering landslides and causing casualties. As of 25 June, national authorities have reported at least six people killed in the Phakant township (Mohnyin district, Kachin State) due to a landslide. (ECHO, 25 Jun 2018)
Heavy seasonal rains in recent days have resulted in floods in 27 townships in eight states and regions in Myanmar. Kayin State is the most affected area. According to UNHCR, some 16 800 people have been temporarily displaced. Overall, more than 24 000 people have been temporarily evacuated to 80 evacuation sites or are staying with host families. At least four people have reportedly died. Some people have started to return as flood waters recede. The Humanitarian needs seem presently covered. (ECHO, 27 Jul 2018)
Heavy monsoon rains in the past week have resulted in floods in seven states and regions. Bago Region, Kayin State and Mon State are the most affected areas. As of 30 July, at least eleven people have died and about 122,000 have been temporarily evacuated to safer locations. Displaced people are sheltering in 288 evacuation sites or are staying with relatives and host families. The Government is leading the response, in cooperation with state/regional authorities as well as the UN, NGOs and civil society. 122,000 people displaced (OCHA 31 Jul 2018)
As of 3 August, nine provinces were affected due to heavy torrential rains as a result of Southwest Monsoon with widespread flooding and landslides reported. Four provinces in Myanmar are most affected, namely Kayin, Mon, Tanintharyi and Bago. Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) of Myanmar released a flood warning (2 August 2018), indicating that water level of Chindwin River at Malaik is observed about 0.762 meter below its dangerous level. It may reach its danger level during the next two days. (AHA Centre, 3 Aug 2018)
As of 6 August, there are a total of 388 camps sheltering 152,541 people in the regions affected by the floods. (AHA Centre, 9 Aug 2018) However, both the IFRC and the AHA Centre have noted that many people have started returning to their homes as camps close in regions with receding flood water. (IFRC, 09 Aug 2018)
On 2 June 2018, continuous heavy rain showers brought floods to the Province of Maguindanao. At least 14,000 families or 71,000 persons were affected by the incident. 81 houses were damaged by the floods. DSWD has released P1,353,600 worth of assistance. (Govt. Philippines, 11 Jun 2018)
On 15 June, southwest monsoon rains affected more than 13,000 people in 26 barangays. At least 1,000 people were displaced, and 24 houses were damaged (Govt. Philippines, 16 Jun 2018)
On 30 June, a flashflood incident occurred in Kabacan, North Cotabato due to overflow of irrigation canal causing displacement of more than 8,000 people. (Govt. Philippines, 6 Jul 2018)
On 17 July 2018, Tropical Storm Son-tinh (locally known as Henry) made landfall in Cagayan (northeast Philippines). Although the storm exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) the same day, it enhanced the habagat (local name for the annual southwest monsoon) which has been affecting the country since early July. On 19 July, Severe Tropical Storm Ampil (locally known as Inday) made landfall on the eastern side of the country, causing more rain over the western part of the Philippines as it further enhanced the habagat. Ampil exited PAR on 20 July. Tropical depression Josie, which formed inside PAR on 21 July exacerbated the situation further, bringing more rain to the already saturated countryside and cities. The habagat usually starts in June or July in the Philippines and generally lasts until early September.
To date, the impacts of this monsoon season have been enhanced by the three weather disturbances, bringing scattered and widespread heavy rain and flooding over the Cordillera Administrative Region, National Capital Region, CALABARZON, Western Visayas, Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley and Northern Palawan. Residents of these regions, particularly those living near rivers, in low-lying areas or mountainous areas, have been advised by the Philippine government to take actions against flooding and landslides. Evacuations have been ordered in some areas.
As of 25 July, the Department of Social Welfare and Development reports that a total of 288,860 families (1,279,943 people) in 1,136 barangays (communities) in 21 provinces have been affected by the combined effects of the habagat and the weather disturbances. Of these affected people, 12,127 families (48,830 people) remain at 293 evacuation centres (ECs) while a further 120,286 households (484,721 people) were served or are being supported by the government outside ECs while staying with host families or friends. At its peak, there were more than 500 ECs accommodating 87,000 people.
NDRRMC also reported 79 incidents of landslides, collapsed structures and maritime incidents, as well as 379 areas that remain flooded as of reporting. At the height of the rainfall, more than 700 areas were flooded across 6 regions. Furthermore, more than 1.377 billion Philippine pesos (72.6 million Swiss francs) worth of damage to infrastructure and agriculture has been reported as of 26 July – 65 per cent being in agricultural losses.
The national weather bureau PAGASA has forecasted more rain in the coming days as the habagat continues to affect the country. The Philippine government continues to send rainfall warnings and flood advisories through SMS and other media platforms to at-risk communities. (IFRC, 30 Jul 2018)
Monsoon rains, enhanced by Tropical Storm Yagi (local name Karding), have flooded Metro Manila and other parts of the country. As of 14 August, 173,000 people have been displaced in the national capital and regions I, III, IV-A, and CAR. Approximately 102,300 people are staying in 253 evacuation centres while the rest are being hosted by relatives and friends. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2018)
On 5 June 2018, heavy rain affected Mizoram State, causing landslides and casualties. It was reported that around ten people died, one was injured and a building was damaged in Lunglei due to a landslide triggered by heavy rains. (ECHO, 6 Jun 2018)
Following the onset of the monsoon, heavy rains have resulted in floods in the north-eastern State of Assam. According to Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), as of 17 June at 10.30 UTC, five people were reported dead (three in Cachar District, one in Hailakandi District and one in Karimganj Distict). In addition, ASDMA reported 448,495 people affected across six districts (Hojai, Karbi Anglong West, Golaghat, Karimganj, Hailakandi and Cachar). (ECHO, 18 Jun 2018)
According to the National Emergency Response Centre (NERC), as of 24 June, the death toll reached 229 (24 in Assam, nine in Manipur, 21 in Tripura, 42 in West Bengal, 67 in Maharashtra and 66 in Kerala) since the beginning of the current monsoon season. In addition, NERC reported at least one million people affected across the six States. (ECHO, 26 Jun 2018)
On the 14 July 2018, the state of Kerala was affected by heavy downpours. The second spell of monsoons has greatly affected the central and southern part of Kerala; consequently, the authorities declared disaster alert in eight districts. According to the government, 14 people have been killed since 9 July 2018, more than 6,065 families have been evacuated, 36 houses were destroyed and 1,214 houses were partially damaged. (ACT Alliance, 17 Jul 2018)
As of 18 July, incessant rain in the southern Indian state of Kerala has forced more than 34,600 people to seek refuge in 265 relief camps across the state, with flood waters inundating low-lying areas. The districts of Kottayam, Alappuzha and Ernakulam are reported to be the worst affected. Landslides, and damages to crops and property, is being reported from Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta districts. (ECHO, 18 Jul 2018)
More than 1,500 people have died so far this year across the country due to storms, floods and landslides ... More rain is forecast for Bihar and neighbouring Uttar Pradesh where 80 people have died over the last four days, either drowning or being hit by collapsing walls ... More than 10,000 people who lived near the banks of the Yamuna river in and around Delhi have been shifted to tents on higher ground as the water level crossed the danger mark. (Reuters, 30 Jul 2018)
As of 2 August, death toll in rain-related incidents and lightning in Uttar Pradesh is 109. In Assam, nearly 60,000 people are reeling under the fury of floods in 5 districts. Official sources said two persons lost their lives in two districts of the state. Sivsagar and Golaghat are among the worst hit districts. Nearly 10,000 people are taking shelter at 35 relief camps in these two districts. (Gov't of India, 2 Aug 2018)
Incessant rains over the last few days have caused flooding and landslides, leaving at least 37 people dead. The South-west monsoon has been vigorous over Kerala resulting in heavy rains in various parts of the state since the past two days. (Gov't of India, 13 Aug 2018)
Government of India is fully supporting the State of Kerala and has launched massive relief and rescue operations in the State. In the NCMC meeting, the Cabinet Secretary pressed into service all the forces – Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard, NDRF and other Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs); and directed that all possible assistance should be provided to Kerala for relief and rescue operations. The Cabinet Secretary also directed that relief material including supply of drinking water, dry food packets and powdered milk should also be made available to Kerala. (Gov't of India, 16 Aug 2018)
As of 19 August, the worst flooding since 1924 in Kerala state has caused 361 deaths with 725,000 people displaced to relief camps. More than 233,179 people were evacuated and damage caused by the floods may total over US$2.84 billion. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
Kerala state has 44 rivers. All 80 dams across the state had released excess flood waters (with Idukki arc dam, one of the biggest in Asia opening its gates after 26 years) due to heavy rainfall over the past 10 days. The resulting floods have affected 13 out of the total 14 districts of Kerala. This year’s floods have been described as once in a 100-year event by media. Since the start of the monsoon, in Kerala alone, 324 lives were lost, 220,000 people were left homeless, 2.8 billion US dollars in economic losses with more than 10,000 kilometres of roads damaged, 223,139 people sheltered in 1,500 relief camps (IFRC, 20 Aug 2018)
On 3 June, the Fuego volcano erupted for the second time in 2018, launching columns of ash and pyroclastic flow some 15,000m above sea level and spreading west and southwest, according to a special bulletin issued by the National Institute of Seismology, Volcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology (INSIVUMEH). Several areas reported the fall of ash and small rocks, including Chimaltenango, Sacatepéquez, Escuintla, Mixco and some areas in Guatemala City. The debris generated by the thunderous explosions travelled some 40km, carried by westward winds, affecting the north-western, northern, and western areas of the country. Several moderate pyroclastic flows descended towards the areas of Seca, Ceniza, Mineral, Taniluya, Las Lajas and Barranca Onda. Communities such as Sangre de Cristo, Finca Palo Verde, Panimaché I and II and others near the volcano were evacuated by the fire brigades, National Coordination for Disaster Reduction (CONRED) first response teams, Guatemalan armed forces personnel and other organizations who are providing aid in affected areas. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
On 6 June, the National Institute for Seismology, Volcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology (INSIVUMEH) reported that the accumulation of volcanic material resulted in lahar flows down the Seca and Mineral ravines, both of which are tributaries of the Pantaleón river...A red alert remains in place for the Escuintla, Sacatepéquez and Chimaltenango departments, as well as in the municipalities of Escuintla, Alotenango, Yepocapa and Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa. The institutional alert level remains at orange...As of 7 June 2018, 1,713,566 people have been affected, 99 people have been killed, 58 people have been injured and 4,137 people are in shelters. CONRED has 21 registered shelters in the departments of Escuintla (17), Sacatepéquez (1), Santa Rosa (2) and Suchitepéquez (1). The number of people sheltered continues to rise. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
As of 18 July, the National Institute of Forensic Sciences has identified 118 victims of 240 cases received in the mortuary of Escuintla, department to which most of the deceased correspond.
The eruption of the Fuego volcano left 121 dead, 300 missing and more than 1.7 million affected.
As a consequence of the eruption, the Government of Guatemala, through an inter-institutional action led by the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction, had to attend 108 incidents that included landslides on roads, one of which was destroyed, damages to schools and assistance to survivors, among others. (Gov't of Guatemala, 18 Jul 2018)
Since the start of the year, 400 cases, including 14 deaths, were reported as of 20 May compared to 205 cases and one death over the same period in 2017. Three districts have reached the epidemic threshold. (OCHA, 28 May 2018)
A measles outbreak has been declared on 30 May in five districts of Chad (Bokoro, Gama, Ati, Am dam and Goz Beida), where 474 cases and 18 deaths have been reported. Medecins Sans Frontières is conducting a Measles outbreak investigation field mission in the affected area. Based on the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, only one in four children aged 12-23 months (25%) is fully immunised. A stock of 60 000 vaccination doses funded by DG ECHO is available in-country for the local response. (ECHO, 2 Jun 2018)
Health authorities on 8 June declared a measles epidemic after 540 cases and 23 deaths were recorded. The disease has erupted in 89 districts, 10 of which have reached the epidemic level. A US$589,000-response plan by the Government, NGO and UN partners is underway to vaccinate around 572,000 children. Measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children. (OCHA, 19 Jun 2018)
Between week 1 and week 26 (ending 1 July 2018) of 2018, a total of 1284 suspected cases with 49 deaths (CFR 3.8%) have been reported. The cases have been reported from 95 out of 117 health districts in the country. As of 1 July 2018, 90 cases have been laboratory confirmed, 376 confirmed by epidemiological link, and 21 clinically compatible. As of 1 July 2018, 11 districts have had confirmed ongoing measles outbreak, these include: Bokoro, Gama, Amdam, Goz Beida, Haraze Mangueigne, Abeche, Arada, Ati, Mongo, Rig Rig, Tissi and Bardaï. (WHO, 06 Jul 2018)
Between week 1 and week 27 of 2018, a total of 1 402 suspected cases with 57 deaths (CFR 4.1%) have been reported. The cases have been reported from 97 out of 117 health districts in the country. As of 13 July 2018, 92 cases have been laboratory confirmed, 376 confirmed by epidemiological link, and 23 clinically compatible. As of reporting date, 12 districts have had confirmed ongoing measles outbreak, these include: Bokoro, Gama, Amdam, Goz Beida, Haraze Mangueigne, Abeche, Arada, Ati, Mongo, Rig Rig, Tissi and Bardai. (WHO, 20 Jul 2018)
The cholera outbreak in Tanzania Mainland has escalated in recent weeks. In week 20 (week ending 20 May 2018), a total of 249 new suspected cholera cases with eight deaths (case fatality rate 3.2%) have been reported, compared to 44 cases and zero deaths reported in week 19. This reflects over 5-fold-increase in the weekly incidence. The new cases came from five districts: Sumbawanga (109 cases and 4 deaths), Ngorongoro (100 cases and 4 deaths), Longido (28 cases), Monduli (11), and Songwe (1)...From 1 January 2018 to 20 May 2018, a cumulative of 2 105 suspected cholera cases, including 44 deaths (case fatality rate 2.1%), have been reported in Tanzania Mainland. Three out of 26 regions currently have active transmission, namely Arusha, Rukwa and Songwe. Zanzibar Island continues to report zero cholera cases, with the last case reported on 11 July 2017. (WHO, 25 May 2018)
Cholera cases in 2018 increased and nearly doubled during the period of January to May 2018 (2 344 cases), when compared to the same period in 2017 (1 231 cases) in ... Tanzania. Since the start of the outbreak on 15 August 2015, Tanzania mainland reported 30 950 cases including 517 deaths (CFR 1.7%) and Zanzibar reported 4 688 cases including 72 deaths (CFR 1.54%). In total, 35 638 cases including 589 deaths (CFR 1.7%) were reported for the United Republic of Tanzania. (WHO, 1 Jun 2018)
In week 25 (week ending 24 June 2018), 115 new suspected cholera cases and three deaths (case fatality rate 2.6%) were reported, compared to 88 cases and two deaths reported in week 24. From 1 January 2018 to 24 June 2018, there have been 2 741 cases, with 57 deaths (case fatality rate 2.1%), in Tanzania Mainland. Cholera cases in 2018 increased and nearly doubled during the period of January to June 2018 (2 740 cases). The reported cholera cases increased two times in the month of May 2018 (675 cases) when compared to April 2018 (278 cases). In total, 36 035 cases including 595 deaths (CFR 1.7%) were reported for the United Republic of Tanzania. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
During week 28, 189 new cases and 3 deaths were reported from Ngorongoro DC (129 cases), Monduli DC (28 cases and 3 deaths) and Londingo DC (9 cases) in Arusha region; Sumbawanga DC (13 cases) in Rukwa region. As of week 28, a total of 3 183 cases with 63 deaths (CFR: 2%) were reported from Tanzania Mainland, no case was reported from Zanzibar (the last case was reported on 11 July 2017). Cholera cases in 2018 increased and nearly doubled during the period of January – July 2018 (3 128 cases), when compared to the same period in 2017 (1 535 cases). From January to May 2018, 50 specimen that were tested at the National Lab were positive for Vibrio cholerae. (WHO, 20 Jul 2018)
During week 30, 75 new cases and two deaths were reported from Ngorongoro DC (45 cases) in Arusha region; Sumbawanga DC (12 cases and 1 death) in Rukwa region and Momba DC (18 cases and two deaths) in Songwe Region. As of week 30, a total of 3 362 cases with 66 deaths (CFR: 2%) were reported from Tanzania Mainland. Cholera cases in 2018 increased and nearly doubled during the period of January–July 2018 (3 362 cases), when compared to the same period in 2017 (1 573 cases). (WHO, 3 Aug 2018)
A new tropical storm has developed in the southwest Arabian Sea where it intensified yesterday evening into Cyclone Mekunu. The cyclone is moving currently north-northwest at a speed of 11 km/h. Mekunu is expected to continue moving in this direction during the remainder of this week and make landfall near Salalah, Oman on about Saturday 26 May. A major fluctuation in tropical weather over the southern Arabian Sea known as the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is likely to cause Mekunu to strengthen further. As a result, heavy rains are forecasted for Socotra Island, followed by the southern Arabian coast from Sayhut in eastern Yemen to Salalah and Ash Shuwaymiyyah in southern Oman, which could cause local flooding and damage. (FAO, 23 May 2018)
The impact of cyclone ‘Mekunu’ on Yemen’s eastern mainland, after it had made landfall in the Sultanate of Oman on 26 May, has been limited. Minor damage has been reported to infrastructure in the districts of Hawf and Shahan of Al Maharah Governorate. Two ships reportedly sank in Al Gaydah and the cycolone damaged agricultural equipment. Meanwhile, assessments and relief efforts continue on the island of Socotra. On 27 May, [IFRC] reported that seven people have died and eight are still missing due to the cyclone...Local authorities and the Displacement Tracking Team led by the International Organization for Migration (DTM/IOM) have reported a total of 507 families being displaced in Hadibo and Qalansiyah. Communities living in Badahola have evacuated their areas as reportedly they have been surrounded by flood water. The majority of the affected population (90 per cent) are hosted in schools, with the rest staying in other government buildings...An inter-cluster assessment team is expected to travel to Socotra on 29 May with the support of UNHAS. (OCHA, 28 May 2018)
An inter-cluster mission led by OCHA visited Socotra from 29 May to 4 June to assess humanitarian needs in the aftermath of cyclone “Mekunu”. Steroh, Badhola and Zahiq, in the area of Nowgd (located on the southern part of the island) are the locations most affected by the cyclone which the team was able to visit. It is estimated that in these areas 90 per cent of the population are in urgent need of food, non-food items and WASH assistance. Local authorities have warned of an imminent hunger crisis, if no resources are mobilized, as approximately 90 per cent of the population in the assessed areas lost their food stocks to the cyclone and are unable to sustain themselves. (OCHA, 07 Jun 2018)
The southwest monsoon weather conditions have caused rainfalls since 19 May 2018 in the southwest parts of the island. By 21 May, the precipitation triggered a flood and landslide situation in the country, which has affected thousands of lives and livelihoods, as well as caused property damage. According to the situation update by the Disaster Management Centre (DMC) of Sri Lanka confirmed that a total of 153,7122 people in 19 districts have been affected and 20 people have died due heavy rains, strong winds, lightning and landslides. Currently, 19,519 families have been evacuated into 339 welfare centres. Puttalam, Gampaha, Ratnapura, Colombo, Kurunegala, Kalutara and Kegalle are amongst the worst affected districts. The water levels of two main rivers, Kalu Ganga and Attanagalu-oya, are still at flood levels, but slowly receding. Some water reservoir gates are opened and release water to reduce the flood threat to other areas. Landslide warnings are still active in some districts due to the risk of landslides and power cuts and failures.
The DMC has reported the need for drinking water, wells and area cleaning, since water sources have been contaminated. The DMC is coordinating the national response efforts. The National Disaster Relief Service centre has released 44.15 million Sri Lankan rupees (approx. CHF 276,000 Swiss francs) for the response.
According to the previous experiences and scientific figures on climate condition in South Asia country including Sri Lanka, this is just the beginning of the annual monsoon season, and it is expected that the weather condition might be getting worst and extreme in the coming months. (IFRC, 30 May 2018)
As of 1 June 2018, water levels in all major rivers had decreased and flood victims in over 200 welfare centres had returned to their homes. The flood affected 174,310 persons from 45,680 families. Twenty six persons were reported dead. The Puttlam district had the highest number of victims stranded at safety centres, as well as the highest numbers in flood damage with 96 critical infrastructure, and 53 fully damaged houses. Colombo recorded the highest number of partially damaged houses with a total of 2,270. While waiting for the damage assessment report, the National Disaster Relief Service Centre (NDRSC) disbursed Rs. 25 million to meet the costs of immediate response, in addition to Rs. 55.45 million provided for emergency relief assistance. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 4 Jun 2018)
As of 12 June, the DMC has reported that close to 175,000 people have been affected across 19 districts, and 26 people killed. Puttalam, Gampaha, Ratnapura, Colombo, Kurunegala, Kalutara and Kegalle are amongst the worst affected districts. (ECHO, 12 Jun 2018)