The Very Severe Cyclonic Storm over westcentral Arabian Sea moved northwestwards with a speed of 07kmph during past six hours and lay centered at 1430 hrs IST 10th October 2018 over westcentral Arabian Sea, near latitude 14.4°N and longitude 58.7°E, about 570 km east-southeast of Salalah (Oman), 550 km eastnortheast of Socotra Islands (Yemen) and 730 km east-southeast of Al-Ghaidah (Yemen). (RSMC/India Meteorological Dept, 10 Oct 2018)
Thousands of people have been displaced by Tropical Cyclone “Luban” that made landfall on the coast of Yemen on 14 October. Three people are confirmed dead, 14 missing and more than 100 injured according to the Al Maharah Emergency Operations Room. The cyclone lost strength and has been downgraded to a Tropical Depression as of 15 October. In the last three days, several districts have been flooded following heavy rains, causing a significant number of houses to collapse...Initial needs assessments by Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) teams indicate that more than 3,000 households have been displaced. This includes 650 households in Al Masilah district, 210 in Sayhut, 200 in Qishn, 250 in Huswain and 2,000 in Al Ghaydah. The number of displaced persons is expected to increase in the coming days when the situation allows more comprehensive and coordinated rapid needs assessments in various affected areas. (OCHA, 17 Oct 2018)
According to the Technical Unit of Seismology, a 5.9-magitude earthquake on the Richter scale occurred on Saturday, 6 October 2018 at 20:12 Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Its epicenter 20km north of Port-de-Paix (north-west) at a depth of 15 km. The earthquake was felt across most of Haiti’s departments and its capital Port-au Prince (West department) and in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, and it was followed by two aftershocks. The DPC did not issue a tsunami alert after the earthquake. (IFRC, 9 Oct 2018)
[T]he Haitian Civil Protection Agency (COUN) have reported 17 deaths, 333 injured and 7,783 families in need of humanitarian assistance. COUN reported 353 houses damaged and 7,430 houses destroyed in the Artibonite, Nord and Nord-Quest departments. (ECHO, 9 Oct 2018)
On 2 October 2018, the IMN warned of a low-pressure system coming in from the south-western Caribbean Sea, which activated an Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone over the country and over the waters of the Pacific (Meteorological Report # 2). On 4 October, IMN detected two other low-pressure systems (Meteorological Report #8), one in the Caribbean near the Nicaraguan coast and another in the Pacific in western Costa Rica, that led to even more intense rainfall and severe weather conditions along the Pacific coast and slightly milder conditions in other parts of the country. Rains of varying intensity fell in Pacific regions and even in the Central Valley. The greatest amount of rainfall was recorded in the Nicoya Peninsula and the Central Pacific, where between 50 to150 mm over a period of 24 hours. 125,190 people were affected by the floods. (IFRC, 15 Oct 2018)
Heavy rains that started on 4 October in Honduras have caused flooding and landslides across the country. Most damage has been reported in Francisco Morazán, Valle, and Choluteca departments, where a red alert was issued by the government. 12,076 people have been affected by the floods. 963 homes were damaged, including 169 flooded, and nine completely destroyed. Among them, 7,234 people have been evacuated, and 6,789 moved to 78 temporary shelters. (ACAPS, 11 Oct 2018)
Two low pressure systems, one in the Atlantic and the other in the Pacific, caused intense rainfall conditions, flash floods in several communities in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua since 5 October...According to figures of the National Emergency Operations Center (COEN) of COPECO, heavy rainfall left about 25,558 people affected and 9 dead. The number of people in shelter reached to 9,097 (as of October 12, 2,573 people remain in shelters); 11,552 people evacuated, and some 170 schools are damaged, eight bridges were affected as well as 63 roads, ten bridges destroyed, seven water systems damaged; 1,133 houses damaged and another 10 houses destroyed between the municipalities of Francisco Morazán, Choluteca and Valle. About 89 shelters were enabled (as of October 12, 28 shelters remained active), most of them in educational centers in the department of Choluteca, the most affected area...The Government is assisting the affected population and has distributed nearly 80 thousand pounds of food and non-food items and has allocated US $ 500,000 (12 million Lempiras) to attend the emergency. COPECO Maintains distribution and pre-positioning of humanitarian aid to the regional offices in the departments with Red Alert (Valle, Francisco Morazán and Choluteca). The Ministry of Education remain classes suspended within the red alert departments (Francisco Morazán, Choluteca and Valle). The United Nations Resident Coordinator has expressed to national authorities his willingness to support response actions if required. (OCHA, 13 Oct 2018)
Rain continues to fall as a new system is beginning to form. More rain is expected in Honduras over the next 24 hours. The Permanent Contingency Commission of Honduras (COPECO) maintains a yellow alert for Copán, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Intibucá, La Paz, Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, El Paraíso Valle and Choluteca. Authorities continue to provide assistance to 7,728 people affected. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2018)
Two low pressure systems, one in the Atlantic and the other in the Pacific, caused intense rainfall conditions, flash floods in several communities in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua since 5 October...Civil Protection reported 15 people injured, six dead, one missing and 768 people in shelters. In addition, 1541 flooded houses and eight houses destroyed, an affected school and three other collapsed walls; eight roads and 13 damaged streets, 120 contaminated wells. (OCHA, 13 Oct 2018)
On October 6, in El Salvador the national Civil Protection System declared a Green Alert for the entire country. On October 7, a Yellow Alert was declared for 29 coastal municipalities, which on October 8 increased to 34 municipalities to include three municipalities in Morazán department and two in La Union department. A Green Alert remained in place for the rest of the country. The rains have affected the entire country. The hardest hit have been the eastern regions, specifically the cantons of El Brazo, La Canoa and El Tecomatal in the municipality of San Miguel; the cantons of San Felipe and Las Tunas in La Unión department; the cantons of Capitán Lazo and Puerto Parada in the municipality of Usulután; as well as the canton of Metalío in Sonsonate department (western El Salvador) and the cantons of San Diego and San Rafael Abajo in the municipality of La Libertad in central El Salvador. It should be noted that these floods have affected the majority of the municipalities located along the country's coast. (IFRC, 16 Oct 2018)
Rain continues to fall as a new system is beginning to form...In El Salvador, Sonsonate is one of the departments most affected. To date six deaths have been reported, 1 546 houses flooded. Rain will continue in coastal areas. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2018)
Sets of earthquakes have struck off Donggala Region, province of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia from 14:00h West Indonesia local time with the strongest magnitude of 7.4 at 17:02h, on Friday, 28 September 2018 and continued with 76 aftershocks ranging from magnitudes of 2.9 to 6.3 afterwards...Initial report from national disaster management agency’s (BNPB) indicates that 384 people died..., 29 people reported missing in Pantoloan Induk Palo, 540 injured and thousands of houses and infrastructure damaged in Palu. (IFRC, 29 Sep 2018)
As of 1 October, 844 people are known to have died and more than 600 people are severely injured. There are currently more than 48,000 displaced people staying in over 200 sites...The Government of Indonesia welcomed specific offers of international assistance that are in line with identified humanitarian needs on the ground. (OCHA, 1 Oct 2018)
Initial reports (as at 3 October, 1300 hrs Jakarta time) BNPB has confirmed 1,234 fatalities with over 632 injuries, 99 missing persons, 152 are requiring immediately rescue efforts. There are currently over 61,867 evacuees being housed in 109 evacuation sites. (AHA Centre, 2 Oct 2018)
As at 4 October, 1300 hrs local time, BNPB confirmed 1,424 fatalities with over 2,549 injuries, 113 missing persons, 152 are requiring immediately rescue efforts. There are currently over 70,821 evacuees being housed in 141 evacuation sites. In addition, 66,238 houses damaged, with 99.2% (65,733) of them located in Central Sulawesi Province...As at 4 October 2018, Government of Indonesia had received offers of assistance from 29 countries, of which 17 countries offered a concrete type of assistance and match the prioritised support. (AHA Centre, 4 Oct 2018)
One week after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) launched a Response Plan, seeking $50.5 million for immediate relief activities...The Central Emergency Response Fund has already allocated $15 million to support the activities included in the Response Plan, and will fund projects in logistics, water and sanitation, camp management, health, shelter, protection, and food security and livelihoods. (UN Resident Coordinator, 5 Oct 2018)
As of 12 October, more than 2,000 people are known to have died and 680 people are still missing following the earthquake and tsunami in central Sulawesi on 28 September. A further 100,000 people have been displaced, including more than 18,000 people who have left Palu, while almost 80,000 people are living in displacement camps. Search and rescue operations ended on 12 October, while the emergency response period has been extended for two weeks until 26 October. (OCHA, 15 Oct 2018)
Heavy rainfall and flash floods have killed five people and caused damage in Nabeul province in north-east Tunisia. Early response and damage assessment are ongoing. (ECHO, 25 Sep 2018)
On Saturday 22 September, torrential rain hit north-eastern Tunisia’s Cap Bon Peninsula causing water levels to rise 1.7 meters. The storm dumped approximately 200 millimeters (7.9 inches) of rain on Nabeul and up to 225 millimeters in the city of Beni Khaled, in the peninsula’s center, according to Tunisia’s National Institute of Meteorology. This was the heaviest rainfall since the institute began keeping records in 1995. A warning on the storms was issued on September 21st. (IFRC, 4 Oct 2018)
Tropical Cyclone Twenty Six formed over the North West Pacific Ocean north of Kwajalein (Marshall Islands) on 7 September and started moving north-west toward Guam. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2018) On 9 September at 00.00 UTC, its centre was located at 930 km east of the Northern Mariana Islands and at 1090 km northern-east of Guam, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Category 1) (ECHO, 9 Sep 2018).
[FEMA] announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Northern Mariana Islands to supplement the Commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions in the area affected by...Typhoon Mangkhut, from 10 September onward. (FEMA, 10 Sep 2018) Typhoon Mangkhut is the strongest storm to hit the Northern Marianas island of Rota since 2002 (Radio New Zealand Int'l, 12 Sep 2018).
According to the [PAGASA], Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) around 14H00, 12 September 2018. It will be given the local name "Ompong." The strength and the size of the typhoon (700-900km wide) is expected to cause substantial damage in communities in the provinces of Apayao, Batanes, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan, and in the Babuyan Group of Islands. Around 2 million people (almost 450,000 households) live in these areas (IFRC, 12 Sep 2018).
The Government of Viet Nam is also preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut as it continues to move westward and likely to make landfall in the country between 17 and 18 Sep 2018 (AHA Centre, 13 Sep 2018).
Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) made its landfall in Baggao, Cagayan in the early morning of 15 September and is expected to exit the [PAR] late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. The typhoon has caused landslides, damage to buildings and homes, and intermittent loss of power. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, over 58,000 people are displaced, with more than 51,000 in evacuation centres in Region I, II, III, CAR. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2018)
As of 16 September (2 a.m., Manila time), Typhoon Mangkhut...has moved towards Southern China, having exited the [PAR] at 9 p.m. on 15 September. Tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted, although the Southwest Monsoon may still bring winds and scattered rain over the northern Luzon and Central Visayas region. More than 250,000 people (63,769 families) in 30 provinces across Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA and CAR, are estimated to have been affected by the Typhoon...As of 10 a.m., 16 September, over 1,200 evacuation centres in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) are currently sheltering nearly 138,000 people, while 16,000 people are staying with relatives or friends in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, and CAR. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2018)
An estimated 4.6 million people are living in areas affected by the Typhoon. As of 17 September, 192,840 people are sheltering in 1,899 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)
As of 19 September, more than one million people are affected in Region I, II, III CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, National Capital Region (NCR) and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). About 42 per cent of those are located in Region III, while 31 per cent are located in Region I. More than 148,000 people are displaced, with over 61,000 people seeking shelter in more than 471 evacuation centres, and more than 87,000 people staying with host families. Several affected regions continue to experience power interruptions as services are gradually being restored. The number of damaged houses continues to rise as responders reach previously isolated areas and assessment reports come in. (OCHA, 19 Sep 2018)
As of 21 September, more than 1.6 million people have reportedly been affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) which made landfall on 15 September. Regions I, II, III and CAR in northern and central Luzon are the most impacted. More than 128,000 people remain displaced, with over 54,000 people seeking shelter in more than 365 evacuation centres, and more than 74,000 people staying with host families. The Government has confirmed 23 deaths. More than 49,000 houses are reported damaged or destroyed, and over 288,000 farmers and fisherfolk severely affected. The national government estimates the total damage to infrastructure and agriculture to exceed PhP17.9 billion (US$340 million). (OCHA, 24 Sep 2018)
As of 27 September, the latest figures from the Department of Health – Cordillera Administrative Region (DOH-CAR) reported 100 deaths from Typhoon Ompong, mainly due to the landslide incident in Itogon, Benguet. There are 39 people who remain missing while 82 were reported injured and treated at the health facilities. A total of 156 local health facilities in Regions I, II and CAR were damaged due to the storm but all are still functioning and able to provide continuous health services to the affected population. (WHO, 27 Sep 2018)
To expedite the early recovery and rehabilitation phase for the affected families of Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has released the guidelines for the implementation of the Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA) program to assist in the shelter reconstruction of typhoon survivors. The assistance program is expected to provide P30,000 to typhoon victims with totally-damaged houses, and P10,000 to families with partially-damaged houses. As of 4 October, here are 209,908 damaged houses reported in Regions I, II, III, and CAR. (Govt. of Philippines, 4 Oct 2018)
As of 6 October, more than 3 million people had been identified as affected, with over 14,000 people displaced. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has confirmed over 70 deaths and more than 130 injured. Over 210,000 homes had been reported as damaged, of which seven per cent (more than 14,000) are completely destroyed. (OCHA, 8 Oct 2018)
On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak was declared in Harare by the Ministry of Health...after confirmation of 11 cases for cholera on rapid diagnostic test kits and the clinical presentation. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)
Authorities report that the outbreak began on 1 September in Harare and as of that date to 11 September, the Ministry of Health and Child Care reports that there have been nearly 2000 suspected cholera cases, including 58 confirmed cases and 24 deaths.
Glenview, a high density suburb of Harare with an active trading area and a highly mobile population, is at the epicentre of the outbreak. The area is vulnerable to cholera because of inadequate supplies of safe piped water, which has led people to use alternative unsafe supplies such as wells and boreholes. Cases that are linked to the epicenter in Harare have been confirmed in 5 additional provinces.
The Government of Zimbabwe has declared a state of emergency and is working with international partners to rapidly expand recommended cholera response actions, including increasing access to clean and safe water in the most affected communities and decommissioning contaminated water supplies. Authorities and partners are also intensifying health education to ensure that suspect cases seek care immediately and establishing cholera treatment centres closer to affected communities. (WHO, 13 Sep 2018)
An outbreak of cholera declared on 6 September has killed at least 30 people and infected at least 5,460. The most severely affected areas are the two epicentres of the outbreaks in the suburbs of Glenview and Budiriro in western Harare. The outbreak has spread from Harare to Chitungwiza, and west to Gokwe and Bulawayo. Cholera is reportedly spreading to different areas of the country. Poor WASH and health infrastructure are facilitating the rapid spread of the disease. High WASH needs, including clean drinking water, hygiene promotion and temporary sanitation facilities, have been reported. (ACAPS, 18 Sep 2018)
As of 3 October 2018, 8535 cumulative cases, including 163 laboratory confirmed cases, and 50 deaths have been reported (case fatality rate: 0.6%). Of these 8535 cases, 98% (8341 cases) were reported from the densely populated capital Harare...The most affected suburbs in Harare are Glen View and Budiriro. (WHO, 5 Oct 2018)
Since early August 2018, communities in Northern and Upper East regions of Ghana have been affected by heavy and continuous seasonal rainfalls, which was later exacerbated by the annual opening of the Bagre dam gates. Indeed, the Bagre Dam, located in Burkina Faso, caused unprecedented flooding in many local communities, destroying lives and properties. The Bagre Dam spilled on the 31st of August 2018, when the dam reached its maximum spillage level at 235m on that day. However, by the 10th of September, the dam was still spilling, and water level remained at the maximum level of 235m.
The continued rise in water levels resulted in flooding which has affected farmlands, posing threat to lives and properties as the spilled water found its way into the Black and White Volta Rivers, which overflowed into the three regions of the north and the Eastern Region. According to an assessment report by the National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO), about 11,959.6 Hectares of farmland have been affected by the flooding, posing a food insecurity risk to the affected communities.
The country continues to receive more rains, which contributes to worsening the situation. Several families living close to the banks of the Black and White Volta Rivers, have relocated to other communities for shelter and safety. An initial assessment report produced by NADMO highlights the devastating impact of the floods. Some 23 communities in 2 districts (13 communities in Bakwu West District and 11 communities in Talensi Districts) with a total of 3,556 households (21,336) people have been affected in the Upper East region, whilst in the Northern region 202 communities in 9 districts thus 10,567 people have been affected, leading to a total of 31,903 people (5,317 households) affected in both regions. (IFRC, 26 Sep 2018)
Severe drought conditions during southern Madagascar’s rainy season from November 2017 to April 2018 has led to nearly dry dams in many parts of the south. This dryness has affected livestock’s access to water and pastureland, which has led to poor livestock body conditions as many are subsisting on burnt cactus leaves in the absence of viable pastureland. This has similarly affected crop development, with many areas experiencing failed or near failed harvests. Only Ambovombe commune received favorably heavy rains in July that allowed some farmers to plant new maize and potato crops...Poor and very poor households in MG23 (the Mahafaly plains) in the southwest of Madagascar are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of poor or failed agricultural production and the resulting early dependence on markets for food. In Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24), food security is deteriorating following the harvest period as stocks deplete and poor and very poor households are currently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with the exception of Ambovombe where the situation is better. Food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima bean (MG 20) which remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The rest of the country remains in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). (FEWS NET, 30 Aug 2018)
According to Crop and Food Security Assessment (CFSAM) of August 2018, rainfall deficits and fall armyworm attacks have had significant impact on food production levels (particularly staple crops such as maize and cassava), compromising access to food for the majority of households...In coordination with the Government of Madagascar and in collaboration with the humanitarian community, WFP’s response plan will focus on providing food and nutritional assistance to the populations that are classified in IPC crisis and in emergency phases from September-December 2018. Out of 1.3 million people who are classified in IPC crisis (3) and emergency (4) phases, WFP aims to provide food assistance and nutritional support to 849,000 people using a combination of food and cash-based modalities. It is expected that other actors in the food security sector (government and NGOs) will provide assistance to 35% of the population in IPC 3 and 4 phases. A second response phase to support drought-affected communities through early recovery interventions is planned for the January-March 2019 period. During both response phases, WFP will work closely with FAO and other food security and livelihoods cluster members to ensure that the assistance provided is complementary. (WFP, 9 Oct 2018)
In July 2018, the Ministry of Public Health and Epidemiology reported that the Los Pinos Health Center (La Descubierta, municipality) saw an increase in the number of patients with acute diarrhoeal diseases from surrounding communities, which were suspected to be cases of cholera. In August 2018, the Ministry of Health reported that Vibrio cholerae had been identified in samples collected from residents of La Descubierta municipality in the National Public Health Laboratory. The same report also stated that three confirmed cases of cholera in the municipality had been identified. Since the outbreak began in Epidemiological Week (EW) 28 and up to EW 34, 4 confirmed cases of cholera and 91 suspected cases have been identified in the municipality..., in residents of Los Pinos del Edén, Ángel Feliz, the urban area of La Descubierta and Los Bolos. (IFRC, 21 Sep 2018)
The Haitian and Dominican health authorities completed a joint mission in response to the cholera outbreak in the Cornillon/Independencia border zone. They have resolved to develop planned interventions to cope with the epidemic, and to strengthen institutions and health networks along the border. The Haitian Ministry of Public Health reported 3 062 suspected cases of cholera between 1 January and 1 September in Haiti, of which 42% tested positive. (ECHO, 28 Sep 2018)
On 24 August, Tropical Storm Soulik caused extremely heavy rainfall, resulting in heavy flooding in Kangwon and South Hamgyong provinces. Munchon city was worst affected with 10 reported deaths, 60 persons missing and ongoing search and rescue activities. Over 58,000 people were reportedly displaced from both Munchon city and Kowon city. Many schools and health facilities were destroyed or damaged. The water supply system of Munchon city was destroyed leaving tens of thousands of people without access to safe drinking water. Agricultural land has been damaged or washed away. The government is providing assistance in terms of search and rescue, temporary shelter, and health care. As of 2 September, heavy flooding is reported in North and South Hwanghae provinces. In both provinces there are 76 reported deaths, and 75 people missing. Over 9,000 people are displaced and nearly 1,800 residential buildings destroyed or damaged. A humanitarian assessment is planned for 4 September and will inform the international humanitarian response. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2018)
Red Cross volunteers in [DPRK] are searching for survivors in the aftermath of severe flooding that has killed 76 people in North and South Hwanghae provinces. More than 75 people are still missing, many of them children. Heavy rains in recent days triggered large-scale flooding and land slides in low-lying areas, destroying more than 800 buildings including homes, clinics and schools (IFRC, 6 Sep 2018)
According to Government reports, in North and South Hwanghae, 17,000 hectares of agricultural land has been impacted by the floods. Many of the crops that were washed had been nearing harvest, raising concerns about the negative impacts on food production and people’s longer-term food security. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2018)
As of 7 September, more than 10,600 people remain displaced from their homes following days of heavy rain and flash floods at the end of August...At least 76 people are confirmed to have died and many hundreds more are injured or missing. (OCHA, 10 Sep 2018) Entire communities have been affected, especially those whose houses were close to the river. In Eup Town, Kumchon Country a landslide destroyed several houses and in the nearby valley, over 77 houses were washed away with a significant loss of life. There are indications of other affected villages but as roads are blocked, it is not possible to assess the damage and needs at the moment. The government has provided population figures for the affected counties indicating that a total of 581,268 people are affected – North Hwanghae (308,070) and South Hwanghae (273,198). (IFRC, 17 Sep 2018)
On 17 and 18 August 2018, a hailstorm damaged almost all yield capacity in Shirak region of Armenia. According to official data provided by the Government, 11 communities with 2,202 households (approximately 9,900 people) and over 780 hectares of agricultural lands were severely affected out of which 1,143 households from the three most affected communities lost from 80 to 100 per cent of their yield capacity. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2018)
Floods in several parts of the country have affected more than 18,800 people, killed three and destroyed more than 3,200 houses. Herders have also lost around 1,800 heads of cattle. The national authorities supported by humanitarian partners are assisting the most vulnerable among those affected. However, additional resources are required to provide water, sanitation and hygiene, shelters, household items and food. In 2017, some 11,360 people were affected by floods between June and September. (OCHA 27 Aug 2018)
Since 7th of August 2018, Mali has been affected by heavy rainfall, which peaked between 17 to 19 August, causing floods across the country. These floods have caused great damage in localities of six out of the ten regions of the country. In addition, according to the Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook, during the third week of August, heavy rainfall accumulations (>100mm) were received throughout several West African nations including Mali, after several previous weeks of heavy and above-average rainfall. The situation, which in this current post-election period is currently affected by various types of crises (food insecurity, conflicts etc.), is likely to sustain further flooding problems in Mali and will only exacerbate the already enormous humanitarian needs in the coming months. (IFRC 4 Sep 2018)
According to data collected by the Directorate General of Civil Protection (DGPC), floods affected more than 137,000 people and caused 13 deaths on 17 September. The hydrological and meteorological forecasts have indicated normal to excess rainfall with an average rise of two centimetres per day for both the Niger and Senegal rivers. This situation deserves a special attention as the number of people affected has reached its highest level in the last six years. The population at risk of flooding in the country is estimated at more than 183,000 people.
The floods partially or totally destroyed approximately 6,350 houses and 92 water wells. In addition, they killed about 2,680 heads of cattle. The regions of Timbuktu, Segou, Koulikoro and Gao, as well as the district of Bamako, have recorded about 82 per cent of flood-affected people in the country.
Most of the people displaced because of floods or the risks of floods have been relocated to schools, which may pose a problem at the start of the school year in October.
The Malian authorities, in collaboration with humanitarian partners, have organised multisectoral assessments to better estimate and respond to the needs of affected people. (OCHA 31 Aug 2018)
According to the DPRK state media, Korean Workers' Party newspaper Rodong Sinmun, an emergency response was declared on 2 August 2018 because of unusually hot weather. On the same day, DPRK RCS officially informed IFRC of a developing slow onset emergency in both South Pyongan and South Hamgyong provinces due to a heat wave affecting the Korean Peninsula that has also severely affected the routine of people, agricultural activities and crops. The heat wave, starting as early as 11 July 2018, has brought on record temperatures as high as 40℃ across the country, and deaths from the heat wave have been reported. The heat wave has also seriously affected the main agricultural producers in the southern provinces of the country. (IFRC, 9 Aug 2018)
[B]elow‑average rains from mid-July until mid-August, normally the wettest months, coupled with high temperatures, resulted in moisture stress during critical crop development stages in localized areas of the main crop producing provinces, including South and North Hwanghae, and South and North Hamgyong...Provisional estimates provided by the National Coordinating Committee (NCC) indicate that, as of early August, 98 892 hectares of cropland had been affected by the dry weather conditions...This covers 24 664 hectares of paddy and 74 228 hectares of other food crops, including maize and potatoes. The estimated total area affected represents 8 percent of the average area cultivated during the main season. Any drop in production could further aggravate food insecurity. (FAO GIEWS, 5 Sep 2018)
One new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) was reported this week from Danyile district, Banadir region. No new cVDPV3 has been reported. The total number of cases is five: two cVDPV2, two cases of cVDPV3 and one case with a co-infection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3. (WHO, UNICEF, 20 Aug 2018)
Humanitarian partners and health authorities have stepped up efforts to vaccinate every child under the age of five in Somalia against polio as part of attempts to stem the spread of the circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus (cVDPV) associated with populations with low immunity levels and poor hygiene. Four cases of cVDPV have been reported this year. An unknown number of Somali children remain unvaccinated due to access challenges, creating a conducive environment in which VDPVs can thrive. (OCHA, 5 Sep 2018)
No new cases of cVDPV2 or cVDPV3 have been confirmed this week. The last reported case in this outbreak was cVDPV2, from Fanole IDP camp in Kismayo district, Lower Juba region with a date of onset of paralysis on 30 July 2018. The total number of cVDPV cases remains seven (7): four cVDPV2, two cVDPV3 and one case with a coinfection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3. (WHO/UNICEF, 21 Sep 2018)
One new cVDPV type 2 case was confirmed this week. Virus was isolated from a contact of child that developed paralysis on the 02 September 2018. These children are both from an inaccessible area of Lower Juba. Detailed investigations are underway to determine the best response mechanism. No type 3 cases have been reported this week. The total number of cVDPV cases is eleven (11): five cVDPV2, five cVDPV3 and one case of a child with a coinfection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3 virus. A nationwide polio vaccination campaign targeting around 2.6 million children under five with bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine is (bOPV) underway this week. (WHO/UNICEF, 08 Oct 2018)
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
[EVD] outbreak in [DRC] is becoming increasingly undermined by security challenges in at-risk areas, particularly Beni...Since the last Disease Outbreak News (data as of 9 October), 29 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 23 from Beni, four from Butembo, one from Mabalako, and one from Masereka Health Zones in North Kivu Province. (WHO, 11 Oct 2018)
The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...17 October 2018...It was the view of the Committee that a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) should not be declared at this time. But the Committee remains deeply concerned by the outbreak and emphasized that response activities need to be intensified and ongoing vigilance is critical. The Committee also noted the very complex security situation. (WHO, 17 Oct 2018)
A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, at 05:47 local time, on 29 July 2018, followed by 66 aftershocks with the highest of those with a recorded magnitude of 5.7. The earthquake affected the three districts of North Lombok, East Lombok and West Lombok. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 50 kilometres northeast of the city Mataram on the northern part of Lombok island, with a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. The quake also impacted Mount Rinjani national park, a popular trekking destination. Access to the climbing routes are temporarily closed due to reports of a landslide around the mountain. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2018)
The West Nusa Tenggara administration declared a seven-day state of emergency. The earthquake has claimed at least 17 lives. As of 1 August, the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency (BNPB) had recorded 10,062 displaced people and 5,448 destroyed houses across Lombok, most of which are located in East Lombok regency. (Jakarta Post, 1 Aug 2018)
Assessments as well as delivery of immediate assistance which includes first aid and basic medical services are also being undertaken alongside search, rescue and recovery efforts. The Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province has issued a provincial level state of calamity to be applied for three days until 1 August 2018, and the district of Lombok until 5 August, with potential extension following the result of continuous assessment on the impact and development of the situation. BNPB has indicated that there is no request for international assistance at this stage. (IFRC, 1 Aug 2018)
More than 90 people have been killed and hundreds more have been injured in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that took place in Lombok, Indonesia on the evening of 5 August. This second earthquake followed the 6.4 magnitude quake that struck the same area on 29 July. (IFRC, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 12 August 2018 (17.30 hrs UTC+7), National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and Command Post for Lombok Earthquake have verified an overall fatalities number of 392, 1,353 people injured (all levels of injuries), and 387,067 people displaced. In addition, a total of 67,875 houses damaged, along with 6 bridges, 606 schools, 3 hospitals, and 20 office buildings. (AHA Centre, 13 Aug 2018)
As of 15 August, the series of earthquakes and aftershocks in Lombok Island have caused 460 deaths, 7,733 injured and 417,259 displaced people, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB). An initial damage assessment to infrastructure reports over 72,000 houses damaged, as well as 52 health facilities, 128 religious facilities and 6 bridges damaged. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2018)
On 19 August, a 7M earthquake struck Lombok. It was preceded by a 6.3M earthquake and was followed by a number of aftershocks. The epicenter was 30km northeast of East Lombok, and was 20 km deep. As of 20 August, ten people are known to have died and 24 people have been injured. More than 150 houses have been damaged and widespread power outages have been reported. The earthquake caused a number of landslides and was felt across East Lombok, North Lombok, West Sumbawa, Sumbawa Besar, West Lombok and Mataram City, as well as Bali, East Java and Makassar. Aircraft carrying relief from Jakarta and Malang have been dispatched. Lombok has been rocked by a number of significant earthquake since the 7M quake on 5 August which killed 460 people and displaced hundreds of thousands of people. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
As of 24 August, more than 390,500 people remain displaced as a result of the earthquakes. Following the earthquakes, 555 people are known to have died. More than 80,5000 houses have been damaged, while six hospitals, more than 170 health centres and 859 schools have been affected. The emergency response phase ended on 25 August, with the response transitioning to the recovery phase with the aim to restore vital infrastructure and facilities, and stimulate community-level socio-economic activities. 390,500 people displaced. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2018)
As of 1 October, according to BNPB, the four quakes during July and August killed more than 510 people, injured at least 7,100 others, and displaced more than 431,000 people with 88,740 houses and 798 public and social facilities (community health centres, mosques and schools) destroyed or damaged. In mid-September, the provincial authorities announced a six-month period of transitioning from emergency to recovery. (IFRC, 1 Oct 2018)
In El Salvador, there will be a meeting of the United Nations country team tomorrow [27 July] to develop a plan of action following the declaration by the Government of a red alert emergency due to the severe drought affecting some 77,000 corn farmers. Lack of rain led to losses of over 90,000 metric tons of corn, one of the main staple foods in the country. The eastern part of the country has reported 33 consecutive days without rain and record temperatures reaching 41°C. (UN DPI, 26 Jul 2018)
The Government of Honduras declared State of Emergency in the Dry Corridor from August 15th until December 31st, 2018, to address the lack of water provoking a loss of crops. The drought, triggered by El Niño, affects 145 municipalities from 13 departments. 74 of those municipalities with 65,000 families are suffering a severe drought. The decree was recommended by FAO, WFP and the National Risk Management System (Sinager). (Gov't of Honduras, 15 Aug 2018)
[FAO] and [WFP] today [24 August 2018] expressed concern over the drought that has caused major crop losses in Central America. The agencies also warned that the possible arrival of an El Niño before the end of 2018 could exacerbate the precarious food and nutrition security of vulnerable rural communities. The months of June and July registered lower-than-average rainfall and drier-than-average conditions, which affected the first and principal crop cycle in Central America, known as the “primera”. Total or partial loss of crops means that subsistence farmers and their families will not have enough food to eat or sell in coming months. (FAO/WFP, 24 Aug 2018)
In the Dry Corridor in Central America, during the peak season of casual labor demand, households affected by the extended dry spell will be able to cover the minimal calorie intake requirements and will be classified in Stress (IPC, Phase 2), until at least January 2019. However, certain households may face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) outcomes without changing the area classification. The number of households in Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) will increase through the lean season. (FEWS NET, 17 Oct 2018)