In July 2018, the Ministry of Public Health and Epidemiology reported that the Los Pinos Health Center (La Descubierta, municipality) saw an increase in the number of patients with acute diarrhoeal diseases from surrounding communities, which were suspected to be cases of cholera. In August 2018, the Ministry of Health reported that Vibrio cholerae had been identified in samples collected from residents of La Descubierta municipality in the National Public Health Laboratory. The same report also stated that three confirmed cases of cholera in the municipality had been identified. Since the outbreak began in Epidemiological Week (EW) 28 and up to EW 34, 4 confirmed cases of cholera and 91 suspected cases have been identified in the municipality..., in residents of Los Pinos del Edén, Ángel Feliz, urban area of La Descubierta and Los Bolos. (IFRC, 21 Sep 2018)
Tropical Cyclone Twenty Six formed over the North West Pacific Ocean north of Kwajalein (Marshall Islands) on 7 September and started moving north-west toward Guam. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2018) On 9 September at 00.00 UTC, its centre was located at 930 km east of the Northern Mariana Islands and at 1090 km northern-east of Guam, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Category 1) (ECHO, 9 Sep 2018).
[FEMA] announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Northern Mariana Islands to supplement the Commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions in the area affected by...Typhoon Mangkhut, from 10 September onward. (FEMA, 10 Sep 2018) Typhoon Mangkhut is the strongest storm to hit the Northern Marianas island of Rota since 2002 (Radio New Zealand Int'l, 12 Sep 2018).
According to the [PAGASA], Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) around 14H00, 12 September 2018. It will be given the local name "Ompong." The strength and the size of the typhoon (700-900km wide) is expected to cause substantial damage in communities in the provinces of Apayao, Batanes, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan, and in the Babuyan Group of Islands. Around 2 million people (almost 450,000 households) live in these areas (IFRC, 12 Sep 2018).
The Government of Viet Nam is also preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut as it continues to move westward and likely to make landfall in the country between 17 and 18 Sep 2018 (AHA Centre, 13 Sep 2018).
Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) made its landfall in Baggao, Cagayan in the early morning of 15 September and is expected to exit the [PAR] late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. The typhoon has caused landslides, damage to buildings and homes, and intermittent loss of power. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, over 58,000 people are displaced, with more than 51,000 in evacuation centres in Region I, II, III, CAR. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2018)
As of 16 September (2 a.m., Manila time), Typhoon Mangkhut...has moved towards Southern China, having exited the [PAR] at 9 p.m. on 15 September. Tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted, although the Southwest Monsoon may still bring winds and scattered rain over the northern Luzon and Central Visayas region. More than 250,000 people (63,769 families) in 30 provinces across Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA and CAR, are estimated to have been affected by the Typhoon...As of 10 a.m., 16 September, over 1,200 evacuation centres in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) are currently sheltering nearly 138,000 people, while 16,000 people are staying with relatives or friends in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, and CAR. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2018)
An estimated 4.6 million people are living in areas affected by the Typhoon. As of 17 September, 192,840 people are sheltering in 1,899 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)
As of 19 September, more than one million people are affected in Region I, II, III CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, National Capital Region (NCR) and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). About 42 per cent of those are located in Region III, while 31 per cent are located in Region I. More than 148,000 people are displaced, with over 61,000 people seeking shelter in more than 471 evacuation centres, and more than 87,000 people staying with host families. Several affected regions continue to experience power interruptions as services are gradually being restored. The number of damaged houses continues to rise as responders reach previously isolated areas and assessment reports come in. (OCHA, 19 Sep 2018.)
On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak was declared in Harare by the Ministry of Health...after confirmation of 11 cases for cholera on rapid diagnostic test kits and the clinical presentation. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)
Authorities report that the outbreak began on 1 September in Harare and as of that date to 11 September, the Ministry of Health and Child Care reports that there have been nearly 2000 suspected cholera cases, including 58 confirmed cases and 24 deaths.
Glenview, a high density suburb of Harare with an active trading area and a highly mobile population, is at the epicentre of the outbreak. The area is vulnerable to cholera because of inadequate supplies of safe piped water, which has led people to use alternative unsafe supplies such as wells and boreholes. Cases that are linked to the epicenter in Harare have been confirmed in 5 additional provinces.
The Government of Zimbabwe has declared a state of emergency and is working with international partners to rapidly expand recommended cholera response actions, including increasing access to clean and safe water in the most affected communities and decommissioning contaminated water supplies. Authorities and partners are also intensifying health education to ensure that suspect cases seek care immediately and establishing cholera treatment centres closer to affected communities. (WHO, 13 Sep 2018)
An outbreak of cholera declared on 6 September has killed at least 30 people and infected at least 5,460. The most severely affected areas are the two epicentres of the outbreaks in the suburbs of Glenview and Budiriro in western Harare. The outbreak has spread from Harare to Chitungwiza, and west to Gokwe and Bulawayo. Cholera is reportedly spreading to different areas of the country. Poor WASH and health infrastructure are facilitating the rapid spread of the disease. High WASH needs, including clean drinking water, hygiene promotion and temporary sanitation facilities, have been reported. (ACAPS, 18 Sep 2018)
Severe drought conditions during southern Madagascar’s rainy season from November 2017 to April 2018 has led to nearly dry dams in many parts of the south. This dryness has affected livestock’s access to water and pastureland, which has led to poor livestock body conditions as many are subsisting on burnt cactus leaves in the absence of viable pastureland. This has similarly affected crop development, with many areas experiencing failed or near failed harvests. Only Ambovombe commune received favorably heavy rains in July that allowed some farmers to plant new maize and potato crops...Poor and very poor households in MG23 (the Mahafaly plains) in the southwest of Madagascar are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of poor or failed agricultural production and the resulting early dependence on markets for food. In Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24), food security is deteriorating following the harvest period as stocks deplete and poor and very poor households are currently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with the exception of Ambovombe where the situation is better. Food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima bean (MG 20) which remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The rest of the country remains in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). (FEWS, 30 Aug 2018)
On 24 August, Tropical Storm Soulik caused extremely heavy rainfall, resulting in heavy flooding in Kangwon and South Hamgyong provinces. Munchon city was worst affected with 10 reported deaths, 60 persons missing and ongoing search and rescue activities. Over 58,000 people were reportedly displaced from both Munchon city and Kowon city. Many schools and health facilities were destroyed or damaged. The water supply system of Munchon city was destroyed leaving tens of thousands of people without access to safe drinking water. Agricultural land has been damaged or washed away. The government is providing assistance in terms of search and rescue, temporary shelter, and health care. As of 2 September, heavy flooding is reported in North and South Hwanghae provinces. In both provinces there are 76 reported deaths, and 75 people missing. Over 9,000 people are displaced and nearly 1,800 residential buildings destroyed or damaged. A humanitarian assessment is planned for 4 September and will inform the international humanitarian response. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2018)
Red Cross volunteers in [DPRK] are searching for survivors in the aftermath of severe flooding that has killed 76 people in North and South Hwanghae provinces. More than 75 people are still missing, many of them children. Heavy rains in recent days triggered large-scale flooding and land slides in low-lying areas, destroying more than 800 buildings including homes, clinics and schools (IFRC, 6 Sep 2018)
According to Government reports, in North and South Hwanghae, 17,000 hectares of agricultural land has been impacted by the floods. Many of the crops that were washed had been nearing harvest, raising concerns about the negative impacts on food production and people’s longer-term food security. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2018)
As of 7 September, more than 10,600 people remain displaced from their homes following days of heavy rain and flash floods at the end of August...At least 76 people are confirmed to have died and many hundreds more are injured or missing. (OCHA, 10 Sep 2018) Entire communities have been affected, especially those whose houses were close to the river. In Eup Town, Kumchon Country a landslide destroyed several houses and in the nearby valley, over 77 houses were washed away with a significant loss of life. There are indications of other affected villages but as roads are blocked, it is not possible to assess the damage and needs at the moment. The government has provided population figures for the affected counties indicating that a total of 581,268 people are affected – North Hwanghae (308,070) and South Hwanghae (273,198). (IFRC, 17 Sep 2018)
On 17 and 18 August 2018, a hailstorm damaged almost all yield capacity in Shirak region of Armenia. According to official data provided by the Government, 11 communities with 2,202 households (approximately 9,900 people) and over 780 hectares of agricultural lands were severely affected out of which 1,143 households from the three most affected communities lost from 80 to 100 per cent of their yield capacity. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2018)
Floods in several parts of the country have affected more than 18,800 people, killed three and destroyed more than 3,200 houses. Herders have also lost around 1,800 heads of cattle. The national authorities supported by humanitarian partners are assisting the most vulnerable among those affected. However, additional resources are required to provide water, sanitation and hygiene, shelters, household items and food. In 2017, some 11,360 people were affected by floods between June and September. (OCHA 27 Aug 2018)
Since 7th of August 2018, Mali has been affected by heavy rainfall, which peaked between 17 to 19 August, causing floods across the country. These floods have caused great damage in localities of six out of the ten regions of the country. In addition, according to the Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook, during the third week of August, heavy rainfall accumulations (>100mm) were received throughout several West African nations including Mali, after several previous weeks of heavy and above-average rainfall. The situation, which in this current post-election period is currently affected by various types of crises (food insecurity, conflicts etc.), is likely to sustain further flooding problems in Mali and will only exacerbate the already enormous humanitarian needs in the coming months. (IFRC 4 Sep 2018)
According to the DPRK state media, Korean Workers' Party newspaper Rodong Sinmun, an emergency response was declared on 2 August 2018 because of unusually hot weather. On the same day, DPRK RCS officially informed IFRC of a developing slow onset emergency in both South Pyongan and South Hamgyong provinces due to a heat wave affecting the Korean Peninsula that has also severely affected the routine of people, agricultural activities and crops. The heat wave, starting as early as 11 July 2018, has brought on record temperatures as high as 40℃ across the country, and deaths from the heat wave have been reported. The heat wave has also seriously affected the main agricultural producers in the southern provinces of the country. (IFRC, 9 Aug 2018)
[B]elow‑average rains from mid-July until mid-August, normally the wettest months, coupled with high temperatures, resulted in moisture stress during critical crop development stages in localized areas of the main crop producing provinces, including South and North Hwanghae, and South and North Hamgyong...Provisional estimates provided by the National Coordinating Committee (NCC) indicate that, as of early August, 98 892 hectares of cropland had been affected by the dry weather conditions...This covers 24 664 hectares of paddy and 74 228 hectares of other food crops, including maize and potatoes. The estimated total area affected represents 8 percent of the average area cultivated during the main season. Any drop in production could further aggravate food insecurity. (FAO GIEWS, 5 Sep 2018)
The Government of [DR Congo (DRC)] announced on 1 Aug 2018 that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu. (WHO, 1 Aug 2018)
As of 3 August 2018, a total of 43 Ebola virus disease cases (13 confirmed and 30 probable), including 33 deaths, have been reported. An additional 33 suspected cases are currently pending laboratory testing to confirm or exclude Ebola virus disease. Three healthcare workers have been affected, of whom two have died. (WHO, 4 Aug 2018)
The Ministry of Public Health of [DRC] today [8 August] announced the launch of Ebola vaccinations for high risk populations in North Kivu province. The vaccinations have begun just one week after the announcement of a second outbreak of Ebola this year in the country. A total of 44 cases have been reported so far, of which 17 have been confirmed. (WHO, 8 Aug 2018)
As of 22 August 2018, a total of 103 EVD cases (76 confirmed and 27 probable) including 63 deaths (36 confirmed and 27 probable) have been reported1 in five health zones in North Kivu (Beni, Butembo, Oicha, Mabalako, Musienene) and one health zone in Ituri (Mandima)...The majority of cases (62 confirmed and 21 probable) have been reported from Mabalako in Mabalako Health Zone...As of 22 August, six new suspected cases from Mabalako (n=3) and Beni (n=3) are pending laboratory testing to confirm or exclude EVD. A total of 88 confirmed and probable cases have age and sex reported...Fourteen cases have been reported among health workers, of which 13 were laboratory confirmed; one has died. Many of these health care workers were likely infected in clinics before the declaration of the outbreak, not in Ebola treatment centres (ETCs). (WHO, 24 Aug 2018)
The 1 September 2018 marks one month since the declaration of the [EVD] outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces...As of 2 September 2018, a total of 122 confirmed and probable EVD cases, including 82 deaths, have been reported. Of the 122 cases, 91 are confirmed and 31 are probable...The epicentre of the outbreak remains Mabalako Health Zone in North Kivu Province, reporting 70% (86/122) of all cases and 76% (62/82) deaths, including 65 confirmed and 21 probable cases...Additionally, four other health zones in North Kivu Province and one in Ituri Province have reported confirmed and probable cases...Of concern is an apparent increase in transmission in Beni Health Zone, where the number of confirmed and probable cases has increased from eight on 23 August 2018 to 19 cases on 2 September 2018. (WHO, 4 Sep 2018)
While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot...As of 18 September 2018, a total of 142 EVD cases (111 confirmed and 31 probable), including 97 deaths (66 confirmed and 31 probable) have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province (Beni, Butembo, Kalunguta, Mabalako, Masereka, Musienene and Oicha), and Mandima Health Zone in Ituri Province. (WHO, 20 Sep 2018)
A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, at 05:47 local time, on 29 July 2018, followed by 66 aftershocks with the highest of those with a recorded magnitude of 5.7. The earthquake affected the three districts of North Lombok, East Lombok and West Lombok. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 50 kilometres northeast of the city Mataram on the northern part of Lombok island, with a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. The quake also impacted Mount Rinjani national park, a popular trekking destination. Access to the climbing routes are temporarily closed due to reports of a landslide around the mountain. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2018)
The West Nusa Tenggara administration declared a seven-day state of emergency. The earthquake has claimed at least 17 lives. As of 1 August, the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency (BNPB) had recorded 10,062 displaced people and 5,448 destroyed houses across Lombok, most of which are located in East Lombok regency. (Jakarta Post, 1 Aug 2018)
Assessments as well as delivery of immediate assistance which includes first aid and basic medical services are also being undertaken alongside search, rescue and recovery efforts. The Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province has issued a provincial level state of calamity to be applied for three days until 1 August 2018, and the district of Lombok until 5 August, with potential extension following the result of continuous assessment on the impact and development of the situation. BNPB has indicated that there is no request for international assistance at this stage. (IFRC, 1 Aug 2018)
More than 90 people have been killed and hundreds more have been injured in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that took place in Lombok, Indonesia on the evening of 5 August. This second earthquake followed the 6.4 magnitude quake that struck the same area on 29 July. (IFRC, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 12 August 2018 (17.30 hrs UTC+7), National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and Command Post for Lombok Earthquake have verified an overall fatalities number of 392, 1,353 people injured (all levels of injuries), and 387,067 people displaced. In addition, a total of 67,875 houses damaged, along with 6 bridges, 606 schools, 3 hospitals, and 20 office buildings. (AHA Centre, 13 Aug 2018)
As of 15 August, the series of earthquakes and aftershocks in Lombok Island have caused 460 deaths, 7,733 injured and 417,259 displaced people, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB). An initial damage assessment to infrastructure reports over 72,000 houses damaged, as well as 52 health facilities, 128 religious facilities and 6 bridges damaged. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2018)
On 19 August, a 7M earthquake struck Lombok. It was preceded by a 6.3M earthquake and was followed by a number of aftershocks. The epicenter was 30km northeast of East Lombok, and was 20 km deep. As of 20 August, ten people are known to have died and 24 people have been injured. More than 150 houses have been damaged and widespread power outages have been reported. The earthquake caused a number of landslides and was felt across East Lombok, North Lombok, West Sumbawa, Sumbawa Besar, West Lombok and Mataram City, as well as Bali, East Java and Makassar. Aircraft carrying relief from Jakarta and Malang have been dispatched. Lombok has been rocked by a number of significant earthquake since the 7M quake on 5 August which killed 460 people and displaced hundreds of thousands of people. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
As of 24 August, more than 390,500 people remain displaced as a result of the earthquakes. Following the earthquakes, 555 people are known to have died. More than 80,5000 houses have been damaged, while six hospitals, more than 170 health centres and 859 schools have been affected. The emergency response phase ended on 25 August, with the response transitioning to the recovery phase with the aim to restore vital infrastructure and facilities, and stimulate community-level socio-economic activities. 390,500 people displaced. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2018)
In El Salvador, there will be a meeting of the United Nations country team tomorrow [27 July] to develop a plan of action following the declaration by the Government of a red alert emergency due to the severe drought affecting some 77,000 corn farmers. Lack of rain led to losses of over 90,000 metric tons of corn, one of the main staple foods in the country. The eastern part of the country has reported 33 consecutive days without rain and record temperatures reaching 41°C. (UN DPI, 26 Jul 2018)
The Government of Honduras declared State of Emergency in the Dry Corridor from August 15th until December 31st, 2018, to address the lack of water provoking a loss of crops. The drought, triggered by El Niño, affects 145 municipalities from 13 departments. 74 of those municipalities with 65,000 families are suffering a severe drought. The decree was recommended by FAO, WFP and the National Risk Management System (Sinager). (Gov't of Honduras, 15 Aug 2018)
[FAO] and [WFP] today [24 August 2018] expressed concern over the drought that has caused major crop losses in Central America. The agencies also warned that the possible arrival of an El Niño before the end of 2018 could exacerbate the precarious food and nutrition security of vulnerable rural communities. The months of June and July registered lower-than-average rainfall and drier-than-average conditions, which affected the first and principal crop cycle in Central America, known as the “primera”. Total or partial loss of crops means that subsistence farmers and their families will not have enough food to eat or sell in coming months. (FAO/WFP, 24 Aug 2018)
Heavy rainfall over a period of several days in Attapeu Province resulted in dangerously high river and dam levels. An incident at the Xepien-Xenamnoy Hydropower dam construction in Attapeu province resulted in flash flooding, with eight villages affected: Ban Mai; Ban HinLath; Ban ThaSengchan; Ban Thahintai; Ban Sanong; Ban Thae; Ban Phonsa-ath; and Ban Nongkhae. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 24 Jul 2018)
The collapse of the dam affected nearly 7,000 people and displacing more than 1,000 people. More than 100 houses were damaged, forcing people to seek shelter in local government buildings and schools. Red Cross teams in the Attepeu branch have distributed clothing, food and drinking water to households in the affected area. (IFRC/Lao Red Cross, 25 Jul 2018)
On 26 July, The IFRC released an appeal seeking a total of some 2.9 million Swiss francs, on a preliminary basis, to enable the [IFRC] to support the Lao Red Cross (LRC) to deliver assistance and support 7,500 people for 18 months. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2018)
In addition, Tropical Storm Son-Tinh affected several provinces, the most severe being Sanamxay District in the Attapeu Province. This is the largest flood the country has seen in the past 10 years. The UN activated five clusters: WASH, Health, Food Security and Nutrition, Shelter and Logistics. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 29 Jul 2018) The water level is receding slowly, but road access remains difficult. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 28 July, 16,250 people have been affected by flooding in Attapeu Province following the impact of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that caused the Xepien-Xenamnoyu hydroelectric dam in Sanamxay District to break. 19 people are known to have died and more than 7,300 people have been displaced and are living in temporary shelters. Roads, bridges, schools and agricultural land has been damaged or destroyed, and most of the affected area remains cut off except by boat. There is an urgent need for food, sanitation and hygiene support, housing repair kits and psychosocial support.
Flood waters caused by the break of Xepien-Xenamnoyu dam in southern Lao PDR are flowing downstream, resulting in the evacuation of more than 5,600 people in Stung Treng Province, northern Cambodia. As of 31 July, no people have been reported dead or missing. The water level at Stung Treng is at 10.7m and forecast to reach flood level within five days. Local authorities are distributing relief items and NGOs have deployed staff to assist in monitoring the situation. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2018)
Tropical Storm Son-Tinh caused heavy rains in 13 provinces and unprecedented flash floods in Sanamxay District in Attapeu Province. As of 6 August, the water level is receding slowly, but access to the affected area remains challenging due to floods and mud. Some areas are accessible only by helicopter. Based on the Government’s information, 13 villages have been affected, five are considered severely affected. The Government has declared the affected area as a National Disaster Zone. Current identified needs are water, health, food, shelter and psychosocial support. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
On 7 August, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a Disaster Response Plan to provide life-saving assistance to 13,100 people affected by the flash floods and re-establish their basic livelihoods. The Plan asks for US$5.6 million in humanitarian relief and recovery support across eight clusters: Education, Food Security and Nutrition, Health, Protection, including Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence, Shelter, including camp management, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Early Recovery and Coordination. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 9 Aug 2018)
As of 13 August, 45 districts in Cambodia have been affected by flooding, after flood waters flowed south from Lao PDR. Almost 70,500 families have been affected, including 7,150 families who have been evacuated from their homes. In addition, 21,400 schools and 4,100 health facilities have been impacted by the floods. Local government and NGOs are providing people with food, NFIs, health support and cash assistance. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2018)
Tropical Cyclone Bebinca led to flooding in northern Laos, with impacts also felt in the south of the country. Heavy and consistent rain since 13 August has led to rising river levels in Attapeu province, where the hydro-electric dam collapsed less than a month ago. This is causing flooding and restricting access to Sanamxay, hampering the delivery of aid to areas affected by the dam collapse. Authorities are closely monitoring the level of the Mekong River and its tributaries. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
UNICEF and partners, with support from USAID, are installing water points (drilling boreholes with hand motorized pump) and toilets in the camps, as well as distributing 200,000 water purification tablets.(UNICEF 12 Sep 2018)
Flooding has affected over 45,000 people, led to 23 human deaths and 61 injuries. In addition, more than 8,900 families have been rendered homeless and are currently putting up in temporary sites in their neighbours and relative’s houses.
These rains have caused significant damage to key infrastructure such as bridges and roads as well as amenities like schools, latrines and local dispensaries. In addition, livelihoods have been significantly affected as farms were submerged in water and livestock washed away. Power outages occur severally due to collapsing of power lines.
The Sudanese Meteorological Authority and the Ministry of Water Resources and Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC)’s early warming bulletin indicate that heavy rainfall is forecasted to continue over the eastern parts of the country as well as over Butana plains, including River Nile, the Red Sea state as well as Central and Western Darfur states. Additionally, the Blue Nile river and River Nile are expected to rise due to increased precipitation and this may cause river flooding and subsequently displacements and other needs amongst populations living along the riverine (IFRC, 13 Aug 2018.)
At least 6,000 homes in West Kordofan and Kassala states have been affected by recent heavy rains and floods, said the government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). In anticipation of above average rains this year in most parts of Sudan, a monthly Flood Task Force (FTF) composed of humanitarian partners—under the auspices of HAC---was reactivated in late June to put in place a four-month flood contingency plan for the country. The first meeting of the FTF focused on early warning and information management, Sector preparedness, response and coordination (OCHA, 15 Jul 2018.)
Flooding induced by torrential rain across Sudan has displaced more than 50,000 people since mid-July. Reports indicate at least 23 fatalities with many more injuries. Damage to crops and livestock deaths from flooding occurred in localized areas of West Kordofan, Kassala, and Darfur States. In areas with reported crop damage, households are replanting fields as seasonal rains continue. Areas with no flooding continue to have above-average rainfall with favorable crop development and pasture generation (FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018.)
Heavy rains and consequent flash floods have so far affected more than 142,000 people, damaging households and livelihoods in 14 out of Sudan’s 18 states, West Kordofan, Kassala and Gedaref being the hardest hit. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2018.)
At least 100 houses collapsed in Tahoua after heavy rainfalls hit the city on 15 July. There is little information available on needs although damages are said to be extensive. In 2018, at least 170,000 people are expected to be affected by floods during the rainy season, usually ranging from June to October. Similar heavy rains are also affecting the bordering state of Katsina in Nigeria, where at least 44 people were killed, 20 people have been reported missing and 500 houses have been damaged in the city of Jibia. (ACAPS, 17 Jul 2018)
As of 23 July, 13 people have died, 13 were injured and 17,682 are affected by floods across the country. The Agadez area, centre, and the Maradi region, south, are the hardest hit. The floods have destroyed 649 houses, affected almost 3,000 households and caused the loss of 24,617 animals and 400 hectares of farmland. According to the Government’s Contingency Plan, around 170,000 people could be affected by floods in Niger in 2018. (OCHA, 23 Jul 2018)
Heavy rains and subsequent floods have had devastating consequences in several parts of the country. The Ministry of Humanitarian Action reports nearly 50 000 homeless people as a consequence of the damage or complete destruction of 3 131 houses. 22 people lost their lives, 26 344 livestock were killed and 3 900 hectares of land are devastated. (ECHO, 13 Aug 2018)
Heavy rains and subsequent floods have affected several parts of the country over the past few weeks. According to the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, 36 people have been killed. 130 000 have had their homes destroyed, their livestock killed or their land devastated. The government of Niger, together with international humanitarian actors is responding to the most pressing needs in terms of food, shelter and non-food items. Over the coming weeks, more heavy rainfall is expected, which will likely result in an increase in humanitarian needs. (ECHO, 28 Aug 2018)
The cholera outbreak in Cameroon, officially declared by the Ministry of Health on 15 July 2018, is steadily declining, after peaking in week 29 with 42 cases. In week 32 (week ending 12 August 2018), four new suspected cholera cases were reported, compared to 21 cases reported in week 31 and 40 cases in week 30. Three of the new cases reported during the reporting week came from Central Region and one case from North Region...Insecurity in parts of the country (especially South West Region), where there are reports of frequent kidnappings and attacks by organized group of bandits, may have implications on surveillance and response efforts. Additionally, the presence of large number of refugees (from Central African Republic and Nigeria) living in unsanitary and unhygienic conditions, and with limited access to healthcare services, is an important factor. The rainy season, which began in May, is expected to last until September and could facilitate further spread of the disease. (WHO, 10 Aug 2018)
Since the beginning of the outbreak on 18 May 2018, a total of 251 suspected cholera cases, including 20 deaths (case fatality ratio 8%), have been reported as of 3 September 2018...The cholera outbreak has remained localized to the two regions initially affected, with North Region accounting for 71% (179 cases, 19 confirmed, 19 deaths) of reported cases. Central Region reported 72 suspected and four confirmed cases, with one death. Eight (53%) of the 15 health districts in North Region and three (10%) of the 30 health districts in the Central regions have reported cholera cases. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)
As of 23 July, 247 cases of cholera, including four deaths, have been registered in the department of Madarounfa, in the southern Maradi region, according to the Ministry of Public Health. The areas of Dan Issa, Gabi, Harounawa, Madeini, Maraka and N’Yelwa are the most affected. A cholera outbreak was declared on 13 July following sample analysis conducted in Niamey. To contain the outbreak, the Ministry of Public Health has positioned medicines, set up six treatment centers and strengthened epidemiological surveillance. (OCHA, 23 Jul 2018)
According to the authorities, as of 28 July, 520 cholera cases, including eight deaths, have been recorded in the Madaroufa health district, in the southern Maradi region. The number of recorded cases has tripled compared to the previous week when 148 cases had been recorded as of 19 July. (OCHA, 7 Aug 2018)
1,489 cholera cases (including 26 deaths) have been reported in Maradi region since 15 July. After showing signs of improvement in early August, the outbreak intensified after 10 August. More than 930 cases, including at least 19 deaths, have been reported since 11 August. The outbreak was initially contained in Madarounfa department but has now spread to the heavily populated city of Maradi, the capital of Maradi region. Heavy rainfall and floods in the area have affected more than 20,000 people and are exacerbating the risk of contamination. (ACAPS, 24 Aug 2018)
Since the beginning of the outbreak on 5 July 2018, a total of 2638 suspected cholera cases, including 51 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.9%), have been reported...Two new health districts, namely Damagaram Takaya (12 cases, 1 death) and Gaya (44 cases, 2 deaths), have been affected during the reporting week...The cholera outbreak in Niger is rapidly increasing, with large numbers of new cases and deaths occurring, and new districts being affected. The risk factors for further spread of the disease in the communities are huge. The latest WASH assessment carried out by UNICEF and WHO estimates that only 37% of the population in Maradi Region has access to basic sources of potable water, 75% of the population are said to practice open defaecation, with only 10% having access to basic sanitation.
Currently, there is ongoing heavy rainfall, causing occasional floods in several places, likely to exacerbate the risk of contamination of water sources. The ongoing outbreak control measures on the ground have not been able to halt the propagation of the disease. All these factors are favourable for further escalation of the outbreak. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)
Since mid-July, torrential rains in western Nigeria have triggered floods, damages to infrastructure and fatalities in the Ogun and Katsina states of the country. (FEWS NET, 26 Jul 2018)
622 individuals were displaced from their homes in Song Gari ward of Song LGA in Adamawa state due to heavy rains and flooding in the region between 15 and 18 August 2018. Majority of the affected persons were displaced to neighbouring wards in Song LGA, including Song Waje (438 individuals) and Zumo (165 individuals) wards, while 19 individuals were displaced to Manjekin ward of Maiha LGA. Urgent needs include shelter, food and NFIs. (IOM, 27 Aug 2018)
Heavy rain has resulted in flash flooding and casualties over the past week. 70 mm of rain was recorded over 24 hours in Enugu city (southeast Nigeria) on 1-2 September. According to media reports, as of 3 September, 21 people have died, 15 in Niger State, three in Kano State and three more in Nasarawa State. (ECHO, 3 Sep 2018)
The National Emergency Management Agency on 17 September declared a national disaster in Anambra, Delta, Kogi and Niger states following heavy flooding that have claimed 100 lives, submerged farms and marooned thousands of people in their homes. The Government has released US$10 million for relief assistance. UN aid agencies are coordinating with the authorities to provide additional support. Heavy rains are predicted to continue and further raise water levels. In 2012, the country was hit by the worst flooding in 40 years that killed more than 360 people and affected 7.7 million. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)
Heavy and continuous rainfall since 7 July 2018 has caused flooding in most parts of Sichuan and the southeast region of Gansu Province. In some areas of North Central Sichuan, there have been heavy rainstorms and torrential rains for four consecutive days. These were also compounded by the effects of two weather systems in the area; Typhoon Prapiroon, and Typhoon Maria. According to reports from National Disaster Reduction Commission, as of 13 July 2018, floods have affected 1,381,000 people, where 3 persons have died; 222,000 have taken emergency resettlement; 22,000 needed emergency relief in Sichuan prefectures of Deyang, Mianyang, Guangyuan (that includes 15 cities and 70 counties); more than 900 houses have collapsed, and 29,000 houses have been damaged. A total of 36,900 hectares of crops have been affected by the floods and 5,200 hectares will have no harvests this year. The direct economic loss has been estimated to be over 5.3 billion yuan. Gansu province was hit even harder, according to the Ministry of Emergency Management. A heavy rainstorm occurred in Southeast Gansu from 10 to 11 July 2018. The provinces of Tianshui, Zhangye, Pingliang (including 10 cities and 46 counties) are flooded, and have affected 1,519,000 people where 12 have died; four are missing; and 30,000 were evacuated. More than 2,300 houses collapsed, and 19,000 were damaged to varying degrees. The direct economic loss was 3.6 billion Yuan. On 12 July 2018, the Provincial Disaster Reduction Commission selected four technical persons and two satellite commanding vehicles - carrying unmanned aerial vehicles and 4G communications equipment - to collect unmanned aerial vehicle remote sensing data with the working group. According to this rapid assessment, heavy rainfall has resulted in a large number of seriously damaged houses that have continued to collapse in these two provinces. More rain has been falling over the past week, worsening the flood situation. The flooding season will continue until the end of August and more rain can be expected until then. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2018)
China Meteorological Administration activated a level three emergency response to address Typhoon Ampil. It is required that the relevant meteorological sectors attached to CMA enter the emergency position immediately and put corresponding meteorological services in place. The potential affected areas such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Anhui are expected to sustain or adjust the corresponding emergency state according to local realities. (Gov't of China, 20 Jul 2018)
On 22 July, National Meteorological Center reported that Typhoon Ampil has made landfall at the coastal regions of Chongming Island, Shanghai. The maximum wind intensity at the center registered 28 m/s. The minimum air pressure registered 985 pHa. (Gov't of China, 22 Jul 2018)
In northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, more than 5,200 residents have been evacuated as torrential rain has battered Helan Mountain since 22 July. The maximum rainfall during this period reached 277.6 millimeters in Helan Mountain, and floods have formed in the eastern areas at the foot of the mountain. In north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, floods triggered by torrential rain have left 12 people dead and three others missing as of 23 July. The regional meteorological observatory has issued a red alert for rainstorms, warning that rainfall will continue in the following days and may cause floods and landslides in cities and towns. The water level in the section of Lanzhou, the capital city of northwest China's Gansu Province, along the Yellow River, has risen rapidly due to heavy rain. (Gov't of China, 23 Jul 2018)
On 31 July, twenty people died in floods caused by torrential rain in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Another eight people remain missing after the downpours hit Qincheng Township in Hami according to the regional disaster relief headquarters. Over 5,500 residents have been evacuated and provided with tents, daily necessities and medical treatment in temporary relocation sites. (Gov't of China, 3 Aug 2018)
On 18 August, nearly 260,000 residents in central China's Henan Province have been affected by Typhoon Rumbia. According to provincial civil affairs department, no casualties have been reported, but 259,000 people and nearly 20,000 hectares of crops have been affected and 138 houses damaged. (Xinhua, 19 Aug 2018)
Emergency responses have been launched in Shandong and Anhui following rainstorms and floods caused by Typhoon Rumbia. Chinese government has allocated flood relief materials to Shandong and Anhui provinces to help with disaster relief. As of 23 August, some 2.6 million people in Anhui had been affected by floods, with 12 dead and one missing, while about 3.8 million people in Shandong had been affected, with six dead and 15 missing. (Xinhua, 23 Aug 2018)
On 5 July 2018, due to heavy rain, melting of snow and glacier in the upper part of the river Nenskra basin, a part of the mountain Khokrili (Samegrelo Zemo Svaneti Region, Georgia) collapsed, blocking the Nenskra River bed. As a result, accumulated water flooded the Nenskra valley villages. In total 1,143 people (323 families) live in Chuberi community villages. All of them were affected by the flooding according to the local government of Mestia. (IFRC, 25 Jul 2018)
Between 3th of July to 5th of July 2018, heavy rainfall of unprecedented intensity caused flash flooding in several parts of Mongolia affecting more than 792 households across the country. Following the heavy rainfall, Khovd, Bayan-Ulgii, Zavkhan, Uvurkhangai Provinces Centers and Khan-Uul District became affected by the floods. Over 210 families have lost their homes, over 700 livestock have perished, and at least 55 hectares of agricultural land has been destroyed. (IFRC, 15 Jul 2018)
Heavy rain caused flooding in western parts of the country. Bayan-Ulgii is the worst affected province. As of 19 July, approximately 2,500 people were severely affected. Damage is reported to roads, shelters and homes. Those evacuated are using school dormitories as temporary shelter. The Government is providing shelter, drinking water, and support in logistics and waste management. (OCHA, 23 Jul 2018)