Herbarium Collections

The William and Lynda Steere Herbarium is the centerpiece of the Garden's botanical research program. It is the fourth largest herbarium in the world, and the largest in the Western Hemisphere. The Herbarium holds a collection of more than seven million preserved specimens filed according to a standardized system of classification. All plant groups--flowering plants, conifers, ferns, mosses, liverworts, and algae, as well as fungi and lichens --are represented in the Herbarium collection, which is particularly strong in New World specimens. This reflects the emphasis of the research projects conducted by the Garden researchers.

The collections of the Herbarium are constantly being augmented through field research conducted by Garden staff, and through gifts, acquisitions, and exchanges of specimens from other herbaria.

The Steere herbarium is one of the most frequently used of the approximately 3400 herbaria in the world. The Herbarium is consulted the nearly 200 research projects of Garden scientists and students and, and an average of 150 visitors travel to New York each year to use the collection, spending on average 1200 person-days per year. Additionally, 30,000 to 50,000 specimens are loaned annually to scientsts at other institutions.

An extensive history of the Herbarium can be found in this article - Holmgren, P. K., J. A. Kallunki & B. M. Thiers. 1996. "A short description of the collections of The New York Botanical Garden Herbarium (NY)." Brittonia. 48(3): 285-296.

Groups

  • Algae
  • Bryophytes
  • Fungi
  • Lichens
  • Vascular Plants

Collectors in the Herbarium

Name Group Region Deposition Digitized Specimens
Alexander, Edward J. vascular plants eastern U.S. original herbarium
Alexiades, Miguel J. vascular plants (ethnobotanical studies) South America original herbarium, in part
Allard, Harry A. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S., West Indies original herbarium, in part (from the Paul M. Patterson herbarium)
Allen, Bruce H. bryophytes U.S., Central and South America significant collections
Allen, John A. and Allen, Oscar Dana bryophytes Canada, U.S. original herbarium
Allen, John F. vascular plants California original herbarium
Allen, Timothy F. algae (especially Characeae) worldwide original herbarium
Amorim, André vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Anderson, Charles L. algae California original herbarium
Anderson, Gladys bryophytes,lichens Canada, U.S. original herbarium
Anderson, William R. vascular plants Brazilian Planalto original herbarium, in part
Anderson, Lewis E. bryophytes North America significant collections
Annable, Carol vascular plants U.S. original herbarium, in part
Arvigo, Rosa vascular plants (ethnobotanical studies) Belize significant collections
Atha, Daniel vascular plants Puerto Rico, Republic of Georgia, U.S., Vietnam original herbarium
Atwood, Duane N. vascular plants western U.S. significant collections
Austin, Coe F. lichens,mosses primarily New Jersey original herbarium, in part
Baker, Charles F. bryophytes, fungi U.S. significantcollections
Balick, Michael J. vascular plants (ethnobotanical studies) Belize, Brazil, Micronesia original herbarium
Balée, William vascular plants (ethnobotanical studies) South America original herbarium, in part
Bang, Miguel vascular plants Bolivia original herbarium
Banker, Howard J. fungi eastern U.S. original herbarium
Barneby, Rupert C. vascular plants western U.S. original herbarium
Barnhart, John H. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. original herbarium
Barr, Margaret E. fungi Canada, U.S.,especially New England original herbarium (from University of Massachusetts)
Barratt, Joseph bryophytes, vascular plants northeastern U.S. original herbarium (from Wesleyan University)
Beals, Alfred T. bryophytes northeastern U.S. original herbarium
Beatley, Janice C. vascular plants Nevada original herbarium
Belem, Romeu P. vascular plants Bahia,Brazil significant collections
Bechtel, Albert R. vascular plants North America original herbarium (from Wabash University)
Beck, Hans T. vascular plants South America original herbarium, in part
Bennett, Bradley vascular plants (ethnobotanical studies) South America original herbarium, in part
Berger, Alwin vascular plants, especially succulents worldwide original herbarium
Best, George N. mosses North America original herbarium
Bicknell, Eugene P. bryophytes, vascular plants eastern U.S. original herbarium
Bigelow, Howard E. fungi North America (especially New England) original herbarium, from University of Massachusetts
Blanchet, Jacques vascular plants Brazil, mostly Bahia significant collections
Bolander, Henry N. bryophytes California significant collections
Boom, Brian M. vascular plants South America, West Indies original herbarium
Brako, Lois bryophytes, lichens Brazil, Ecuador,Venezuela original herbarium, in part
Breen, Ruth Schoenhurst mosses southeastern U.S. original herbarium
Britton, Elizabeth G. bryophytes, lichens North America, West Indies original herbarium
Britton, Nathaniel L. vascular plants North America, West Indies, Europe original herbarium
Buck, William R. bryophytes Africa (South Africa), Australia, Europe, North America, South America, West Indies original herbarium
Burchell, William J. bryophytes, vascular plants Africa (St. Helena), South America (Brazil) significant collections
Burgess, Edward S. vascular plants (especially Aster) North America original herbarium
Burlingham, Gertrude S. fungi (especially Russulales) North America original herbarium
Burt, Edward Angus fungi North America significant collections
Cain, Roy F. bryophytes, fungi North America significant collections
Calkins, William W. bryophytes, fungi, lichens eastern U.S. significant collections
Camp, Wendell H. vascular plants Ecuador, North America original herbarium
Canby, William M. bryophytes, vascular plants North America original herbarium (from Columbia College of Pharmacy)
Carvalho, André M. V. vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Carver, George Washington fungi North America significant collections (from J.B. Ellis herbarium)
Chapman, Alvin W. bryophytes, vascular plants North America, primarily southeastern U.S. original herbarium (from Columbia University)
Christ, J. H. vascular plants Idaho original herbarium
Churchill, Steven P. mosses Colombia, United States original herbarium, in part
Cid, C. A. vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Clemens, Mary Strong bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants Australia, U.S., Philippines significant collections
Clements, Frederick E. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants U.S. significant collections
Collins, F. S. algae worldwide original herbarium, in part
Conard, Henry S. bryophytes North America significant collections
Coulter, John M. vascular plants U. S. original herbarium, in part (from Wabash College)
Cowan, Richard S. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. (eastern states, Hawaii), Venezuela original herbarium, in part
Croat, Thomas vascular plants Central and South America significant collections
Cronquist, Arthur vascular plants U.S., Mexico original herbarium
Crum, Howard bryophytes North America significant collections
Cummings, Clara E. bryophytes, lichens Jamaica, U.S., Europe original herbarium (from Wellesley College)
Daly, Douglas C. vascular plants South America original herbarium
Degener, Otto and Degener, Isa bryophytes, vascular plants U.S., especially Hawaii original herbarium, in part
Delprete, Piero vascular plants South America original herbarium, in part
Denslow, Herbert M. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. original herbarium (from Hobart and William Smith College)
Donaldson, Aris B. vascular plants Custer's Expedition to the Black Hills original herbarium, at least in part (from Wabash College)
Dudley, William R. bryophytes U.S. original herbarium
Dumont, Kent P. fungi Central America, Mexico, South America, Sri Lanka original herbarium
Dusén (accent), Per K. H. bryophytes, vascular plants Europe (especially Norway) South America (especially Brazil) significant collections
Duss, Antoine bryophytes, vascular plants West Indies (especially Guadeloupe and Martinique) significant collections
Earle, Franklin S. bryophytes, fungi,vascular plants U.S., West Indies original herbarium, in part
Ekman, Erik vascular plants Argentina, West Indies (Haiti, Navassa Island) significant collections
Elmer, Adolph D. E. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants Malaysia, Philippines, U.S. significant collections
Eiten, George bryophytes, vascular plants Brazil, U.S. original herbarium, in part
Ellis, Job B. lichens, fungi North America, tropical America original herbarium
Fairman, Charles E. fungi U.S. original herbarium (from J. B Ellis Herbarium)
Fink, Bruce bryophytes, lichens, vascular plants U.S. significant collections
Flowers, Seville bryophytes, fungi western U.S. significant collections
Franklin, Merton A. vascular plants U.S. (Utah) significant collections
Frémont, John C. vascular plants western U.S. original herbarium
Frye, Theodore C. bryophytes (hepatics) North America (western N.A.) significant collections
Fryxell, Paul A. vascular plants (mostly Gossypium and relatives) worldwide original herbarium, in part
Ganev, Wilson vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Gardner, George bryophytes,vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Garrett, Albert O. fungi, vascular plants North America original fungal herbarium (from University of Utah)
Gentry, Alwyn H. vascular plants South America significant collections
Gier, Leland J. bryophytes U.S. original herbarium
Glaziou, Auguste vascular plants, bryophytes Brazil significant collections
Gleason, Henry A. bryophytes, vascular plants South America, Puerto Rico, U.S. original herbarium
Goodrich, Sherel vascular plants U.S. (especially Utah) significant collections
Goos, Roger fungi Panama, U.S. original herbarium
Grout, A. J. bryophytes North America significant collections
Granville, Jean J. vascular plants French Guiana significant collections
Hagelstein, Robert bryophytes, fungi (primarily myxomycetes) mostly North America original herbarium
Halling, Roy E. fungi North and South America original herbarium
Haring, Inez bryophytes North America original herbarium
Harper, Robert A. fungi Panama, U.S. (mostly California) original herbarium, in part
Harper, Roland M. bryophytes, vascular plants southeastern U.S. original herbarium
Harris, Richard C. lichens North America, West Indies original herbarium
Harris, William H. fungi, bryophytes, vascular plants Jamaica significant collections
Hartley, Raymond M. vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Hasse, Hermann E. bryophytes, lichens, vascular plants U.S.(mostly California) original herbarium, in part
Hassler, Emile vascular plants Paraguay Significant collections
Hatschbach, Gerdt vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Haynes, Caroline C. bryophytes (hepatics) North America original herbarium
Heller, Amos A. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. significant collections
Henderson, Andrew vascular plants (primarily palms) South America original herbarium
Henry, Augustine vascular plants China original herbarium, in part
Henry, Leroy K. fungi eastern U.S. original herbarium (from the Carnegie Museum)
Hermann, Frederick J. bryophytes North America significant collections
Higgins, Larry vascular plants U.S., primarily Utah significant collections
Hitchcock, Alfred S. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants U.S., South America original herbarium, in part
Hitchcock, Charles vascular plants western U.S. significant collections
Hoehne, Federico vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Hoehne, Wilson vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Holmen, Kjeld bryophytes arctic regions (especially Alaska, Greenland) significant collections
Holmgren, Noel H. and Holmgren, Patricia K. vascular plants western U.S. original herbarium
Holzinger, John M. bryophytes North America significant collections
Howard, Grace E. bryophytes, lichens U.S., primarily Massachusetts and Washington original herbarium, in part (from Wellesley College)
Howe, Marshall A. algae, hepatics U.S., West Indies original herbarium
Ireland, Robert R. bryophytes North America significant collections
Irwin, Howard S. vascular plants Brazilian Planalto, Guyana original herbarium
James, Edwin vascular plants Western U.S. (Major Stephen H. Long Expedition) original herbarium
Jardim, Jomar G. vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Jenman, George S. vascular plants (especially ferns) South America, West Indies original fern herbarium
Johnson, George T. lichens U.S. (especially Arkansas),Cuba, Panama, Chile original herbarium (from University of Arkansas)
Jones, Marcus E. vascular plants western North America significant collections
Kallunki, Jacquelyn. A. vascular plants Brazil original herbarium
Keck, David vascular plants western U.S. original herbarium, in part
Kellerman, William A. fungi North America significant collections
Killip, Ellsworth P. bryophytes, vascular plants South America significant collections
Klein, Roberto M. vascular plants Brazil (Santa Catharina) original herbarium
Kramer, Charles, L. fungi (especially Taphrinales), lichens U.S. original herbarium (from Kansas State University)
Krukoff, Boris A. vascular plants worldwide original herbarium
Kuntze, C. E. O. vascular plants worldwide original herbarium (non-European collections)
Ladd, Douglas lichens Missouri significant collections
Leggett, W. H. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. (metropolitan New York City region) original herbarium (from the Torrey Botanical Club)
Leiberg, John B. bryophytes, fungi North America significant collections
Léon, Joseph S. (Frère or Brother) bryophytes, vascular plants Cuba significant collections
LeRoy, P. V. bryophytes, vascular plants North America original herbarium
Lesquereux, Charles L. bryophytes North America significant herbarium
Lindeman, Jan C. vascular plants South America significant collections
Liogier, Alain H. vascular plants West Indies significant collections
Lowe, Josiah bryophytes, fungi, lichens U.S. significant collections
Luteyn, James L. vascular plants Andean South America original herbarium
Maas, Paulus J. M. vascular plants South America significant collections
Mackenzie, Kenneth K. bryophytes, vascular plants North America original herbarium
Macoun, John bryophytes North America significant collections
Maguire, Bassett vascular plants South America, U.S., West Indies original herbarium
Massee, George E. fungi England original herbarium, in part
McClatchie, Alfred J. bryophytes, fungi U.S. (California) original fungus herbarium
McGregor, Ronald L. bryophytes Central U.S., primarily Kansas original herbarium (from University of Kansas)
Merrill, E. D. vascular plants worldwide, primarily Philippines original herbarium, in part
Mickel, John T. bryophytes, vascular plants (pteridophytes) Mexico, U.S. original herbarium
Moldenke, Harold N. bryophytes, vascular plants worldwide original herbarium
Mori, Scott. A. vascular plants Brazil,French Guiana, Panama original herbarium
Morong, Thomas fungi, vascular plants Paraguay, Chile, North America original herbarium
Murrill, William A. fungi New World, Europe original herbarium
Nash, George V. vascular plants eastern U.S., Haiti original herbarium
Nee, Michael vascular plants Bolivia original herbarium
Neese, Elizabeth vascular plants western North America significant collections
Nelson, Aven vascular plants western North America significant collections
Newberry, John S. vascular plants U.S. original herbarium, in part (Ives Expedition collections)
Nichols, George E. bryophytes North America significant collections
Norris, Daniel bryophytes worldwide significant collections
Oldenburg, Margaret bryophytes Alaska, Canada significant collections
Ottley, Alice M. vascular plants U.S., South Africa original herbarium (from Wellesley College)
Pady, Stuart M. fungi North America original herbarium, at least in part
Palmer, Edward bryophytes, vascular plants Mexico, North America significant collections
Parry, Charles C. bryophytes, vascular plants North America significant collections
Patterson, Paul M. bryophytes Virginia original herbarium
Pennell, Francis W. vascular plants western North America original herbarium, in part
Perry, George W. algae North America original herbarium
Pike, Nicholas algae North America, Portugal, Mauritius significant collections
Pinzl, Ann vascular plants western North America significant collections
Prance, Ghillean T. vascular plants South America, primarily Brazil original herbarium, in part
Pringle, Cyrus G. vascular plants Mexico significant collections
Rau, Eugene A. bryophytes North America original herbarium
Redfearn, Paul bryophytes North America, China significant collections
Reese, William D. bryophytes North America, West Indies, Brazil significant collections
Reitz, Padre Raulino vascular plants Brazil original herbarium
Richards, Herbert M. Algae unknown original herbarium
Riedel, Ludwig vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Rogerson, Clark T. fungi U.S. original herbarium
Rose, Joseph N. bryophytes, vascular plants (especially Cactaceae) North and South America original herbarium
Rusby, Henry H. bryophytes, vascular plants North and South America original herbarium, in part (from Columbia College of Pharmacy)
Rydberg, Per A. bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. original herbarium
Samuels, Gary J. fungi South America original herbarium, in part
Sant'Ana, Sergio C. de vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Sartwell, Henry P. bryophytes, vascular plants North America (especially New York) original herbarium (from Hamilton College)
Schneider, Albert lichens U.S. original herbarium, in part
Schott, Arthur C. V. bryophytes, vascular plants Mexican Boundary Survey original herbarium, at least in part
Schwarze, Carl A. fungi eastern U.S. original herbarium
Schofield, Wilfred bryophytes North America significant collections
Schnooberger, Irma bryophytes North America significant collections
Scotter, George W. bryophytes Canada, Alaska original herbarium, at least in part
Seaver, Fred J. fungi U.S., West Indies original herbarium
Selby, Augustine D. fungi, vascular plants U.S. original fungus herbarium,in part
Shafer, John A. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants South America, U.S.,West Indies original herbarium, in part
Sharp, Aaron J. bryophytes U.S., Mexico significant collections
Shurtleff, C. A. vascular plants India, U.S., Mexico, West Indies original herbarium (from Wesleyan University)
Silveira, Marcos vascular plants Brazil (primarily Acre) significant collections
Small, John K. lichens, vascular plants, U.S., West Indies original herbarium
Smith, Albert C. vascular plants Fiji,South America original herbarium, in part
Smith, Gary L. mosses New World original herbarium, in part
Smith, Herbert H. vascular plants Colombia original herbarium, in part
Smith, Lyman B. vascular plants Brazil significant collections
Spruce, Richard bryophytes, lichens, vascular plants Europe, South America significant collections
Stansbury, Howard vascular plants western U.S. original herbarium
Steere, William C. bryophytes North America (especially arctic regions), South America, West Indies original herbarium
Steyermark, Julian vascular plants U.S., South America significant collections
Stout, Arlow B. bryophytes, vascular plants (Hemerocallis) U.S. original herbarium
Sturgis, William C. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants U.S. original herbarium
Sumstine, David R. fungi eastern U.S. original herbarium (from Carnegie Museum)
Talbot, Stephan S. bryophytes Alaska Signficant collections
Tate, George H. H. vascular plants Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador,Venezuela original herbarium, in part
Taylor, E. C. bryophytes U.S. significant collections
Tharp, Benjamin C. fungi, vascular plants Texas original herbarium (from University of Texas)
Thiers, Barbara M. bryophytes Australia, North and South America original herbarium
Thiers, Harry D. fungi North America significant collections
Thomas, William Wayt vascular plants Brazil original herbarium
Tiehm, Arnold vascular plants western U.S. significant collections
Torrey, John bryophytes, vascular plants U.S. original herbarium
Torrey, Raymond H. bryophytes, lichens, vascular plants eastern U.S. original herbarium
Tuckerman, Edward bryophytes, lichens, vascular plants New England original herbarium, in part
Underwood, Lucien M. bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants U.S., West Indies, Mexico original herbarium
Vail, Anna M. bryophytes North America original herbarium
Waghorne, A. C. bryophytes North America significant collections
Walker, Jay B. vascular plants U.S., Belize original herbarium, in part
Watson, Sereno vascular plants U.S. (Clarence King Expedition) significant collections
Welch, Winona H. bryophytes mostly North America (especially Indiana) original herbarium (from DePauw University)
Welden, Arthur fungi North America, South America, Central America original herbarium (from Tulane University)
Welsh, Stanley A. vascular plants western U.S. significant collections
Williams, Margaret vascular plants western U.S. significant collections
Williams, Robert S. bryophytes, vascular plants Bolivia, Philippines, Panama, North America original herbarium
Wilson, Percy bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants U.S., West Indies original herbarium
Wood, Alphonso vascular plants U.S. original herbarium (from Columbia College of Pharmacy)
Wood, Richard. D. Algae worldwide original herbarium
Wright, Charles bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants China, U.S., West Indies original herbarium, in part (from Columbia College)
Wurdack, John J. bryophytes, vascular plants South America, U.S. original herbarium, in part
Wynne, Frances bryophytes North America significant collections
Yuncker, Truman G. vascular plants West Indies, Central America, South Pacific, North America original herbarium (from DePauw University)
Zanoni, Thomas A. bryophytes, vascular plants, U.S., West Indies original herbarium, in part
Zeller, Sanford M. fungi (also some bryophytes, vascular plants) worldwide original herbarium, in part (from Oregon State University)
Zundel, George L. fungi, vascular plants western U.S.(primarily Utah) original fungus herbarium (from University of Utah)